// The Russian Economic Barometer. 2020. № 3. С. 3-20
Alexandra Batyaeva – Head of Group of the Interaction between Enterprises and Banks, Staff Member, Center for Research in Transitional Economies, IMEMO.
The article deals with one of the aspects of adapting industrial enterprises to demand: the correspondence of available production capacities and labor force to the annual demand. The base for comparison was a group of manufacturers whose capacity and labor were in full correspondence with demand. This “ideal” group was compared with others which had an excessive or insufficient volume of resource in various combinations. In total, nine groups of enterprises were examined. As a result of the analysis, the following conclusions were made. For almost 30 years of observations, the share of enterprises whose capacity and labor met the demand has doubled and now exceeds 60%. This group had the biggest share of financially sound enterprises. Over time, lack or excess of resources became more expensive for enterprises, and the surplus of labor appeared to be particularly harmful.
industry; sufficiency of production capacities; sufficiency of labor force; demand for the products of enterprises; financial position of manufacturers; the share of financially sound enterprises; surplus of labor; shortage of labor; excess of capacity; lack of capacity