Тодоров А.А.
Dire straits of the Russian Arctic: Options and challenges for a potential US FONOP in the Northern Sea Route // Marine Policy. 2022. Vol. 139, Art. 105020. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105020.
Тип публикации:


ISSN 0308-597X

DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105020

Against the backdrop of growing tensions in the Arctic there are increasing discussions in the US on whether a Freedom of Navigation Operation (FONOP) is needed in the Northern Sea Route (NSR) to assert the state's disagreement with the Russian maritime claims in the Arctic. This paper focuses on the Russian claims with regard to the NSR that could be deemed valid targets for a FONOP. The analysis shows that the US Navy would have only few options for a potential operational assertion. The most viable of them is to transit through certain straits in the eastern part of the NSR. Given the lack of surface ice strengthened warships in the US Navy, a FONOP in the eastern areas of the NSR would imply significant operational risks related to harsh ice conditions even in the summer season. All that, coupled with other factors, gives reason to suggest that for the time being the US will set aside plans for a FONOP in the Russian Arctic waters.    

I would like to express special gratitude to Marina Todorova for helping me with the illustrations, Elizabeth Hanlon for a thorough proof-reading and valuable comments, and Cornell Overfield, with whom I had a long and fruitful correspondence inspiring me to write this article.

 


Ключевые слова: Freedom of navigation | Arctic | Russia | USA | Northern Sea Route | Maritime claims |

Размещено в РИНЦ


Ссылка при цитировании:

Todorov A. Dire straits of the Russian Arctic: Options and challenges for a potential US FONOP in the Northern Sea Route. – Marine Policy. 2022. Vol. 139, Art. 105020. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2022.105020.




ДРУГИЕ ПУБЛИКАЦИИ НА ЭТУ ТЕМУ:

Тодоров А.А.
Russia’s implementation of the Polar Code on the Northern Sea Route // Polar Journal. 2021. Vol. 11, Issue 1. P. 30-42. DOI 10.1080/2154896X.2021.1911044.

Григорьев М.Н.
Development of Transit Potential of the Northern Sea Route // Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2021. Vol. 14, Special Issue. P. 81-97. DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-109-129.

Вылегжанин А., Буник И., Торкунова Е., Киенко Е.В.
Navigation in the Northern Sea Route: interaction of Russian and international applicable law // Polar Journal. 2020. Vol. 10, Issue 2. P. 285-302. DOI 10.1080/2154896X.2020.1844404.

Куприянов А.В.
Constructing the Arcto-Pacific: New Challenges and Opportunities // Russia in Global Affairs. 2020. Issue 4. P. 178-191. DOI 10.31278/1810-6374-2020-18-4-178-191

Загорский А.В.
Konflikt in den Köpfen: Kritik der Versicherheitlichung der Arktis // Osteuropa. 2020. Issue 5. P. 81-98. DOI 10.35998/oe-2020-0031.

Хантингтон Х., Олсен Дж., Загорский А.В.
Effects of Arctic commercial shipping on environments and communities: context, governance, priorities // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2023. Vol. 118, Art. 103731. DOI 10.1016/j.trd.2023.103731.

Хантингтон Генри П., Загорский А.В., Кальтенборн Бьорн П., Хен Чхоль Шин, Доусон Д., Лукин М., Даль П., Пейцин Го, Томас Д.
Societal implications of a changing Arctic Ocean // Ambio. 2021. DOI 10.1007/s13280-021-01601-2. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-021-01601-2. Published: 19.07.2021.

Тодоров А.А.
Coping with deficiencies in the Polar Code: a Russian perspective // Polar Journal. 2020. DOI 10.1080/2154896X.2020.1799615. URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2154896X.2020.1799615?journalCode=rpol20. Published online: 07.09.2020.

Тодоров А.А.
Russia in maritime areas off Spitsbergen (Svalbard): Is it worth opening the Pandora's Box? // Marine Policy. 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104264. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0308597X20309106?via%3Dihub#!. Published online: 22.10.2020.

Мишин И.О.
U.S. Policy in the South China Sea During the Presidency of D. Trump // Russian Politics & Law. 2021. Vol. 58, Issue 3-4. P. 155-172. DOI 10.1080/10611940.2022.2111939. URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10611940.2022.2111939?journalCode=mrup20. Published online: 06.10.2022

Гудев П.А.
Les problématiques et perspectives de la route maritime arctique [Text] / P. A. Gudev // Perspectives Libres. – 2019. – Issue №24-25. – Р. 173-212. – URL:https://cerclearistote.com/2019/05/parution-du-perspectives-libres-n24-les-nouvelles-routes-de-la-soie/

Никитина Е.Н.
Сlimate Change in the Arctic: Adaptation to New Challenges // Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2021. Vol. 14, Special Issue. P. 111-128. DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-177-200.

Пусенкова Н.Н.
Arctic Offshore Oil in Russia: Optimism, Pessimism and Realism // Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2021. Vol. 14, Special Issue. P. 62-80. DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-86-108.

Канаев Е.А., Сумский В.В.
Russia’s Place in a Polycentric Naval Setup [Text] / V. Sumsky, E. Kanaev // Maritime Affairs: Journal of the National Maritime Foundation of India. – 2015. – V. 24. – Issue 2. – P. 9 – 15.

The Arctic: A Space of Cooperation and Common Security By ed. A.V. Zagorsky. Moscow, IMEMO RAN, 2010, 41 p.

Никитина Е.Н., Kelman I., Sydnes A.K.
Norway-Russia disaster diplomacy for Svalbard // Safety Science. 2020. Vol. 130, P. 104896. DOI 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104896.

Луконин С.А.
Far East Development Policy in Putin's Fourth Term and New Directions for Korea - Russia Economic Cooperation [Text] / Joungho Park, Boogyun Kang, Jiyoung Min, Sergey Lukonin, Olga Kuznetsova // World Economy Brief. – 2019. – Vol. 9. – Issue 2. – P. 2233-9140.

Воронов К.В.
Perceptions of Russia in the european North: signs of the times / K. Voronov //Russian politics and law. – 2010. – V. 48. – № 6. – P.35-50.

Дынкин А.А.
International Cooperation in the Arctic: Risks and Opportunities [Text] / А.А. Dynkin // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. – 2015. – V. 85. – Issue 3. – Р. 198 – 205.

Пусенкова Н.Н.
Arctic Petroleum: Local CSR Perceptions in the Nenets Region of Russia [Text] / N. Pusenkova, J.S.P. Loe, I. Kelman, D.B. Fjartoft // Social Responsibility Journal. – 2017. – Vol. 13. – Issue 2. – Р. 307-322
Еще публикации по теме


Комментарии (0)

Нет комментариев

Добавить комментарий







Актуальные комментарии
Новости Института
19.06.2024

В конференц-зале им. академика Н.Н. Иноземцева состоялось заседание научно-теоретического семинара ЦАТИ. С докладом выступил Цыплаков Сергей Сергеевич – профессор Факультета мировой экономики и мировой политики НИУ ВШЭ.

подробнее...

18.06.2024

В ТАСС состоялась пресс-конференция, посвященная проведению X юбилейного международного форума «Примаковские чтения» с участием Константина Косачева, Сергея Рябкова, Сергея Лебедева, Александра Дынкина, Алексея Арбатова и Константина Богданова.

подробнее...

Вышли из печати