Пусенкова Н.Н.
Arctic Offshore Oil in Russia: Optimism, Pessimism and Realism // Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2021. Vol. 14, Special Issue. P. 62-80. DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-86-108.
Тип публикации:
Рубрика:


ISSN 2542-0240

DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-86-108

A strong global interest in the hydrocarbon resources of the Arctic emerged in the mid-2000s, after the US Geological Survey published data on its petroleum potential. While oil prices were growing, an “Arctic optimism” prevailed everywhere, and it was anticipated that a broad-scale oil production in the Arctic would soon begin. At that time, a political aspect dominated in the Russian plans to develop Arctic offshore. Russia intended to prove that it was an energy power capable of establishing a new petroleum province in the Polar seas to replace the aging West Siberia.  But later the global energy sector underwent radical changes, and optimism was gradually replaced by realism. The decline of oil prices and introduction of anti-Russian sanctions contributed to the downgrading of the Arctic plans in Russia. Besides, the monopoly of Gazprom and Rosneft on the Arctic shelf hinders the development of its hydrocarbon resources because the state companies do not have sufficient competencies to operate offshore fields on their own. After 2014, Russian oil companies began to revise downwards their plans of oil production in the Arctic seas. Given the sanctions and low oil prices, now relevant ministries also more realistically perceive the prospects of the northern continental shelf development, and their new attitude is clearly visible in their public statements. Thus, they indirectly admit that Russia is not ready yet for environmentally sustainable activities in the Arctic offshore. Actually, many experts and oil companies previously demonstrated a cautious approach to the possibility of the broad-scale oil production in the Polar seas reminding that the potential of the mature Russian oil provinces onshore is still significant. Now, the government makes a strong focus on the onshore alternatives to the Arctic shelf of Russia: the development of hard-torecover reserves, enhanced oil recovery, and support of small and mid-size companies, i.e. the priorities seemingly shift from the extensive to the intensive mode of the sector development. However, pessimistically one can recall that such plans were often made in the past and they remained on paper. Ultimately, broad-scale oil production on the Arctic continental shelf will not begin before 2035. Russian oil and shipping sectors benefit from such time-out, because they receive a chance to train qualified personnel capable of operating on the Arctic shelf with strict adherence to the environmental sustainability principles.


Ключевые слова: Arctic | oil companies | oil production | continental shelf | Rosneft | Gazprom neft | environmental safety | hard-to-recover reserves |


Ссылка при цитировании:

Пусенкова Н.Н. Arctic Offshore Oil in Russia: Optimism, Pessimism and Realism. – Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2021. Vol. 14, Special Issue. P. 62-80. DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-86-108.




ДРУГИЕ ПУБЛИКАЦИИ НА ЭТУ ТЕМУ:

Пусенкова Н.Н.
The Rosneftization of the Russian oil sector [Text] / N. Poussenkova // Oxford Energy Forum. – 2016. – Issue 107. – P. 9 – 12.

Старчак М.В.
Armenia’s nuclear industry: threats and challenges [Text] / M. Starchak // Central Asia and the Caucasus. – 2016. – Vol. 17. – № 3. – P. 75 – 87.

Тодоров А.А.
Russia in maritime areas off Spitsbergen (Svalbard): Is it worth opening the Pandora's Box? // Marine Policy. 2020. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104264. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0308597X20309106?via%3Dihub#!. Published online: 22.10.2020.

Хантингтон Х., Олсен Дж., Загорский А.В.
Effects of Arctic commercial shipping on environments and communities: context, governance, priorities // Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2023. Vol. 118, Art. 103731. DOI 10.1016/j.trd.2023.103731.

Гудев П.А.
The Sea of Okhotsk: Gain or Giveaway? [Text] / P.A. Gudev // Far Eastern Affairs. – 2016. – Vol. 44. – № 1. – P. 120 – 132.

Копытин И.А., Масленников А.О., Синицын М.В., Жуков С.В., Золина С.А.
Will carbon tax constrain oil production in Сanada? // Solovev D. (ed.) Smart Technologies and Innovations in Design for Control of Technological Processes and Objects: Economy and Production. FarEastСon 2018. SIST book series. Springer, Cham. 2020. Vol. 138. С. 793-803. DOI 10.1007/978-3-030-15577-3_73.

Никитина Е.Н., Пусенкова Н.Н.
Petroleum CSR in Russia: Affordable Luxury or Basic Necessity? [Text] / N. Poussenkova, E. Nikitina // Russian analytical digest. – 2016. – № 181. – P. 3 – 7.

Тодоров А.А.
Coping with deficiencies in the Polar Code: a Russian perspective // Polar Journal. 2020. DOI 10.1080/2154896X.2020.1799615. URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/2154896X.2020.1799615?journalCode=rpol20. Published online: 07.09.2020.

Хантингтон Генри П., Загорский А.В., Кальтенборн Бьорн П., Хен Чхоль Шин, Доусон Д., Лукин М., Даль П., Пейцин Го, Томас Д.
Societal implications of a changing Arctic Ocean // Ambio. 2021. DOI 10.1007/s13280-021-01601-2. URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-021-01601-2. Published: 19.07.2021.

Тодоров А.А.
Russia’s implementation of the Polar Code on the Northern Sea Route // Polar Journal. 2021. Vol. 11, Issue 1. P. 30-42. DOI 10.1080/2154896X.2021.1911044.

Варнавский В.Г.
Analysing the dynamics of the Baltic States’s production linkages with Russia // Baltic Region. 2022. Vol. 14, Issue 2. P. 4-22. DOI 10.5922/2079-8555-2022-2-1.

Загорский А.В.
Konflikt in den Köpfen: Kritik der Versicherheitlichung der Arktis // Osteuropa. 2020. Issue 5. P. 81-98. DOI 10.35998/oe-2020-0031.

Никитина Е.Н., Claudia Pahl-Wostl, Angela Arthington, Janos Bogardi
Environmental flows and water governance: managing sustainable water uses [Text] / Elena Nikitina, Claudia Pahl-Wostl, Angela Arthington, Janos Bogardi // Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. – 2013. – V.5.– Issue 3-4. – С. 341 – 451.

Пусенкова Н.Н.
Arctic Petroleum: Local CSR Perceptions in the Nenets Region of Russia [Text] / N. Pusenkova, J.S.P. Loe, I. Kelman, D.B. Fjartoft // Social Responsibility Journal. – 2017. – Vol. 13. – Issue 2. – Р. 307-322

Никитина Е.Н., Kelman I., Sydnes A.K.
Norway-Russia disaster diplomacy for Svalbard // Safety Science. 2020. Vol. 130, P. 104896. DOI 10.1016/j.ssci.2020.104896.

Никитина Е.Н.
Сlimate Change in the Arctic: Adaptation to New Challenges // Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2021. Vol. 14, Special Issue. P. 111-128. DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-177-200.

Дынкин А.А.
International Cooperation in the Arctic: Risks and Opportunities [Text] / А.А. Dynkin // Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences. – 2015. – V. 85. – Issue 3. – Р. 198 – 205.

Григорьев М.Н.
Development of Transit Potential of the Northern Sea Route // Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2021. Vol. 14, Special Issue. P. 81-97. DOI 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-109-129.

Пусенкова Н.Н., Никитина Е.Н.
Local Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility for Arctic Petroleum in the Barents Region [Text] / N. Poussenkova, El. Nikitina, W. R. Elana, W. Emma, B. F. Daniel // Arctic Review on Law and Politics. – 2016. – Vol. 7. – № 2. – P. 152 – 178.

Трофимова И.Н.
БРИКС и развивающиеся страны в системе мирохозяйственных связей: сдвиги в международном движении капитала / И.Н. Трофимова // Вопросы статистики. – 2012. – № 3. – С. 54–63.
Еще публикации по теме


Комментарии (0)

Нет комментариев

Добавить комментарий







Актуальные комментарии
Новости Института
24.05.2024

Александра Яковлева представила доклад «Зачем философия науки и техники исследователям международных отношений?», а также выступила модератором секции на III Гороховских чтениях «Тренды цифровой трансформации: социогуманитарное измерение».

подробнее...

23.05.2024

Никита Белухин выступил с докладом «Между Арктикой и Балтикой. Региональные и национальные аспекты в стратегической культуре и безопасности стран Северной Европы» на I научно-практическом межрегиональном форуме «Арктика – наш общий дом».

подробнее...

Вышли из печати