ТНК и социально-экономическое развитие Вьетнама

Аксенова Е. ТНК и социально-экономическое развитие Вьетнама. Мировая экономика и международные отношения, 2016, № 7, т. 60, сс. 86-95


DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2016-60-7-86-95

Е. Аксенова, ИСАА МГУ им. М.В. Ломоносова, РФ, 125009 Москва, Моховая, 11, стр. 1 (mementomori89@list.ru


Аннотация

Оценивается потенциал Вьетнама и эффективность государственной политики в использовании зарубежных ТНК для целей национального развития. Особое внимание уделено исследованию таких вторичных аспектов влияния ТНК на экономику Вьетнама как трансфер технологий, увеличение налоговых поступлений в бюджет, создание дополнительных рабочих мест. Показаны риски, с которыми сталкивается развивающаяся экономика, ориентированная на привлечение внешних источников для решения внутренних социально-экономических проблем. 


Ключевые слова

ПИИ, транснациональные корпорации (ТНК), Вьетнам, развивающиеся страны, вторичные аспекты, трансфертное ценообразование 


СПИСОК ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ

1. Tình hình đầu tư trực tiếp nước ngoài 12 tháng năm 2014. [The Situation of Foreign Direct Investment to December 15, 2014 (In Vietnamese)]. Available at: http://fia.mpi.gov.vn/tinbai/2346/Tinh-hinh-dau-tu-truc-tiep-nuoc-ngoaiden-15-thang-12-nam-2014 (accessed 07.04.2015).

2. Мазырин В.М. Экономические последствия участия Вьетнама в ВТО. Вьетнамские исследования. Выпуск №4. Вьетнам в мировом сообществе. Москва, ИДВ РАН, 2014, сс. 91-116. [Mazyrin V.M. Ekonomicheskie posledstviya uchastiya V'etnama v VTO [The Economic Impact of the Vietnam Participation in WTO]. V’etnamskie issledovaniya. Issue 4. V’etnam v mirovom soobshchestve [Vietnamese studies. Issue 4. Vietnam in World Community]. Moscow, Institute of Far Eastern Studies of RAS, 2014, pp. 91-1 16.]

3. Tran Dinh Lam. Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam. Center for Vietnamese and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Social Sciences and Humanities,Vietnam National University, 2014. Available at: http://www.cvseas.edu.vn/NHUNG-BAI-BAO-CUA-TIEN-SI-TRAN-DINH-LAM_C82_D2797.htm (accessed 07.04.2015).

4. Schwab K. The Global Competitiveness Report 2014–2015. Geneva, World Economic Forum, 2014. 565 p.

5. KAM Index Rating. World Bank. Available at http://info.worldbank.org/etools/kam2/KAM_page5.asp (accessed 07.02. 2015).

6. Few Vietnamese Companies Receive Tech Transfer from Foreign Companies. Available at: http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/business/117340/few-vietnamese-companies-receive-tech-transfer-from-foreign-companies.html (accessed 27.11.2014).

7. Hi-tech Transfers by Foreign Firms Remain a Pipe Dream. Available at: http://www.vir.com.vn/hi-tech-transfersby-foreign-firms-remain-a-pipe-dream.html (accessed 11.11.2014).

8. Brach J., Newman C., Rand J., Tarp F. Firm-level Competitiveness and Technology in Vietnam: Evidence from a Survey in 2010. Business Sector Programme Support (BSPS) Royal Embassy of Denmark in Vietnam, Development Economics Research Group (DERG), University of Copenhagen (UoC) Central Institute for Economic Management (CIEM), Vietnam Ministry of Planning and Investment, Hanoi, 2011. 49 p.

9. Unden C. Multinational Corporations and Spillovers in Vietnam-Adding Corporate Social Responsibility. Lund (Sweden), Lund University, 2007. 46 p.

10. Anwar S., Lan Phi Nguyen. Foreign Direct Investment as a Conduit for Technology Transfer: The Case of Vietnam. Asia Pacific Business Review, vol. 16, no. 1-2, January-April 2010, pp. 183-202.

11. Newman C., Rand J., Talbot T., Tarp F. Technology Transfers, Foreign Investment and Productivity Spillovers: Evidence from Vietnam. Dublin, IIIS Discussion Paper Series, 2014. 22 p .

12. Фам Ми Хунг. Прямые иностранные инвестиции как источник финансирования реального сектора экономики: на примере Вьетнама. Дисс. канд. эк. наук. Москва, 2013. 158 c. [Fam Mi Khung. Pryamye inostrannye investitsii kak istochnik finansirovaniya real'nogo sektora ekonomiki: na primere V'etnama. Kand. ec. nauk [Foreign Direct Investment as a Source of Funding of the Real Sector of the Economy: the Case of Vietnam, PhD. Thesis in Economics]. Moscow, 2013. 158 p.]

13. Ла Мань Тханг. Стратегии и перспективы деятельности зарубежных ТНК на рынке Вьетнама. Дисс. канд. эк. наук. Москва, 2013. 153 c. [La Man’ Tkhang. Strategii i perspektivy deyatel’nosti zarubezhnykh TNK na rynke V’etnama. Kand. ec. nauk [Strategies and Prospects of Foreign TNCs in the Market of Vietnam, PhD. Thesis in Economics]. Moscow, 2013. 153 p.]

14. Các tập đoàn đa quốc gia có còn thích “chơi lớn” ở Việt Nam? [Do MNC Like Big Game in Vietnam? (In Vietnamese)]. Available at: http://baophapluat.vn/thi-truong/cac-tap-doan-da-quoc-gia-co-con-thich-choi-lon-oviet-nam-179549.html (accessed 05.03.2014).

15. Vĩnh Phúc: Thu nội địa vượt kế hoạch hơn 3.000 tỷ đồng. [Vinh Phuc Province: Local Revenue Exceeded 3 trillion VND Plan (In Vietnamese)]. Available at: http://thoibaotaichinhvietnam.vn/pages/thue-voi-cuoc-song/2014-11-25/vinh-phuc-thu-noi-dia-vuot-ke-hoach-hon-3000-ty-dong-15487.aspx (accessed 25.11.2014).

16. Top 10 doanh nghiệp nộp thuế lớn nhất Việt Nam 2014. [10 Largest Enterprises in Vietnam on Tax Revenues to the State Budget (In Vietnamese)]. Available at: http://tapchitaichinh.vn/Tai-chinh-Doanh-nghiep/Top-10-doanhnghiep-nop-thue-lon-nhat-Viet-Nam-2014/54953.tctc (accessed 23.10.2014).

17. Incentives for FDI in Vietnam. Available at: http://plf.vn/en/plf-enterprise/corporate/Incentives-for-FDI-in-Vietnam-33/0/ (accessed 07.02.2015).

18. Economists Balk at Vietnam’s ‘Overly-Generous’ FDI Incentives. Available at: http://www.thanhniennews.com/business/economists-balk-at-vietnams-overlygenerous-fdi-incentives-29422.html (accessed 02.08.2014).

19. Excessive FDI Incentives Will Nullify Benefits to Society, Say Experts. Available at: http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/business/106502/excessive-fdi-incentives-will-nullify-benefits-to-society--say-experts.html (accessed 07.03.2014).

20. General Statistic Office of Vietnam. Trade, Price, Tourism. Available at: https://www.gso.gov.vn/default_en.aspx?tabid=780 (accessed 07.02.2015).

21. Should Vietnam Offer Big Incentives to Formosa? Available at: http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/business/107045/should-vietnam-offer-big-incentives-to-formosa-.html (accessed 10.07.2014).

22. Why Did Samsung Electronic Go to Vietnam? Available at http://english.donga.com/srv/service.php3?biid=2014071566178 (accessed 15.07.2014).

23. Most FIEs in Vietnam Transfer Pricing, Evade Tax. Available at: http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/business/100426/most-fies-in-vietnam-transfer-pricing--evade-tax.html (accessed 21.04.2014).

24. FDI Enterprises’ Transfer Pricing Question: Will there be a Conclusion? Available at: http://www.widza.com/news/fdi-enterprises%27-transfer-pricing-question%3A-will-there-be-a-conclusion/559 (accessed 20.08.2012).

25. Hoang Xuan Binh. Transfer Pricing in Multinationals Corporations in Vietnam. Hanoi, Foreign Trade University, 2013. 24 p.

26. General Statistic Office of Vietnam. Population and Employment. Available at: http://www.gso.gov.vn/Default.aspx?tabid=217 (accessed 07.02.2015).

27. Samsung Invests $3 Billion More in Vietnam. Available at: http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/business/116242/samsung-invests-3-billion-more-in-vietnam.html (accessed 11.11.2014).

28. Nokia to Shift Smartphone Production to Vietnam. Available at: http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/science-it/110322/nokia-to-shift-smartphone-production-to-vietnam.html (accessed 22.08.2014).

29. About Canon Vietnam Co. Ltd. Available at: http://www.canon-vn.com.vn/en/news_detail.html (accessed 11.03.2013).

30. U.S. Department of State. 2013 Investment Climate Statement – Vietnam. Available at: http://www.state.gov/e/eb/rls/othr/ics/2013/204760.htm (accessed 07.04.2015).

31. U.S. Companies and Global Supply Networks: Key Facts. Available at: http://www.amchamvietnam.com/tag/multinational-companies (accessed 26.01.2013).

32. Low-cost Strategy Dictates FDI Recruitment. Available at: http://vietnamnews.vn/opinion/in-the-spotlight/252116/low-cost-strategy-dictates-fdi-recruitment.html (accessed 10.03.2014).

33. Kết quả số liệu tổng hợp về khảo sát mức sống hộ gia đình năm 2012. [The Results of Aggregate Data Studies of Living Standards in 2012 (In Vietnamese)]. Hanoi, Statistical Publishing House, 2013. 562 p. Available at https://www.gso.gov.vn/default.aspx?tabid=417&idmid=4&ItemID=13886 (accessed 07.04.2015).

34. Foreign Companies Report Labor and Skills Shortage in Vietnam. Available at: http://www.vietnam-briefing.com/news/foreign-companies-report-labor-skills-shortage-vietnam.html/ (accessed 30.07.2014).

35. Le Quoc Hoi, Pomfret R. Foreign Direct Investment and Wage Spillovers in Vietnam Evidence from Firm Level Data ASEAN. Economic Bulletin, 2010, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 159-172. 


Размещено в РИНЦ

Правильная ссылка на статью:

Аксенова Е. ТНК и социально-экономическое развитие Вьетнама. Мировая экономика и международные отношения, 2016, № 7, т. 60, сс. 86-95. DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2016-60-7-86-95






Комментарии к этой странице: