Hutu vs. Tutsi in Burundi: why local vigilantes are a threat to the future of the state?

29
Hutu vs. Tutsi in Burundi: why local vigilantes are a threat to the future of the state?
// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2023. No 1 (64) . P. 183-204
DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2023-1-183-204

Abstract. Burundi has a long history of political violence and vigilantism that were particularly widespread in the context of the 1993–2005 civil war. During this period, various armed groups and militias emerged and engaged in violent attacks against civilians, rival rebel groups, and even government forces for ethnic or political reasons. In the aftermath of the civil war, the government of Burundi has struggled to address the legacy of violence and establish a stable political system. Yet vigilantism remains a significant issue in Burundi, with reports of civilians taking the law into their own hands in response to perceived threats and injustices. In some areas, local communities have organized vigilante groups to protect themselves from different crimes, while police as the only legal law enforcement actor to fight crime remains unsuccessful in providing proper security. However, vigilante groups also engage in extrajudicial acts of violence, such as lynching, or mob justice, and can exacerbate existing ethnic tensions and conflicts. The article concludes that long-term interethnic antagonism, coupled with experience of mutual extermination, can become the main catalyst for vigilantism that presents a threat for the overall stability of political system.

Keywords: Burundi, vigilantism, ethnic conflicts, political system, nepotism, divided society


About author

Pavel V. Ivanov – PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science and Political Management, Institute of Social Sciences at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA).


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Ivanov P. Hutu vs. Tutsi in Burundi: why local vigilantes are a threat to the future of the state? // Pathways to Peace and Security. 2023. No 1 (64) . P. 183-204. https://doi.org/10.20542/2307-1494-2023-1-183-204



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexes and Databases

  

 

  

Current Issue
2023, No. 2 (65)
  • - INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AT THE CROSSROADS
  • - CONFLICT AND SECURITY ISSUES IN AFRICA
  • - MARITIME SECURITY
  • - WEAPONS AND ARMS CONTROL
  • - PRIVATE MILITARY COMPANIES IN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT
Submit an Article
Years
2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 |