The IAEA verification activity

10
The IAEA verification activity
// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2022. No 2 (63). P. 245-262
DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2022-2-245-262

Abstract. The article explores the verification activity by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This activity involves three key aspects: the legal framework, goals, and measures and verification procedures to achieve these goals. The author analyzes legal and technical aspects of the IAEA verification activity, including the notions of diversion of nuclear material and a state’s noncompliance with its commitments related to corresponding safeguards agreements. The analysis is based on the systematic approach that takes into account the evolution of the safeguards system. The author proposes an original approach to reduce the risks of politicization of decisions on noncompliance of states with safeguards agreements by specifying the main notions related to the system of safeguards.

Keywords: IAEA safeguards, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, additional protocol, inspection, noncompliance, diversion, UN Security Council, safeguards agreement, nuclear material


About author

Valery Bytchkov is an independent expert in the area of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. Previously, he worked for the Safeguards Department of the IAEA for more than 20 years as a Safeguards Inspector, Head of Operations Section, and Head of Safeguards Effectiveness Evaluation Section.


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Bytchkov V. The IAEA verification activity // Pathways to Peace and Security. 2022. No 2 (63). P. 245-262. https://doi.org/10.20542/2307-1494-2022-2-245-262



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