Food security in East Africa

13

Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences

Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences

Food security in East Africa
// Pathways to Peace and Security. 2022. No 2 (63). P. 82-98
DOI: 10.20542/2307-1494-2022-2-82-98

Abstract. The article discusses the current state and dynamics of food security in East Africa. This region stands out in Africa not only as the most populous, but also as the fastest developing one, mostly due to its advanced economic growth and infrastructure construction in Ethiopia, Djibouti, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. East African countries are particularly vulnerable to disruptions in food supplies from Russia and Ukraine. To assess food security in the region, the authors apply two methods designed by the World Bank and by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). These methods focus, correspondingly, on per capita incomes and malnutrition indicators. The authors further examine the impact of the Millennium Development Goals and the Sustainable Development Goals on food security in East Africa, investigate the main causes of food insecurity, and put forward policy recommendations for enhancing regional food security. Although achieving sustainable food security in East Africa appears unrealistic in the foreseeable future, intensification and digitalization of agriculture are critical to enhance food self-sufficiency of the region. The primary data sources for the article include FAO’s 2015–2021 surveys on food security and nutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa and statistical databases by FAO and the International Trade Center.

Keywords: East Africa, food security, agriculture, malnutrition, agricultural policy, digitalization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, food availability, nutritional standards, Millennium Development Goals, Sustainable Development Goals


About author

Nina Gavrilova is a Junior Researcher at the Centre for Transition Economy Studies, Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Sergey Kostelyanets is the Head of the Center for Sociological and Political Sciences Studies, Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences.


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Gavrilova N., Kostelyanets S. Food security in East Africa // Pathways to Peace and Security. 2022. No 2 (63). P. 82-98. https://doi.org/10.20542/2307-1494-2022-2-82-98



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