Green Deal as a Trigger of Deepening of Integration in the European Union

12
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2024-68-6-93-107
EDN: DQTMSC
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University), The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, 76, Vernadskogo Prosp., Moscow, 119454, Russian Federation.
 

Received 19.02.2024. Revised 28.02.2024. Accepted 03.04.2024.

Abstract. The article examines the implementation of the European Green Deal in terms of the normative and regulatory framework development and the transformation of the governance system in the European Union. The study demonstrates that the Green Deal is a political response to societal demands and is based on the significant achievements of two previous decades. The Green Deal goes far beyond the climate/energy policy and provides for a fundamental transformation of the economic model. The incorporation of the sustainable development concept into all aspects of economic policy, if successfully implemented, may launch the transition to the third stage in the development of the EU economic model. The study concludes that by now, the European Union has formed the major part of legislative framework and the governance system necessary to achieve proclaimed goals. The reforms have radically strengthened the complexity of the policy course, de facto increased EU competence and regulatory powers of the European Commission, established new obligations for member states and formed more stringent mechanisms to influence national policies. Despite the change in the political situation in 2023–2024, the social base of the Green Deal remains significant. Accumulated experience and the reformed system of governance in the area of green transformation provide sufficient inertia. Taking into account all the features of the Green Deal and the momentum gained, the successful implementation of this project has a great chance to give impetus to new integration dynamic in the European Union.

Keywords: European Union, Green Deal, governance system, energy policy, climate policy


REFERENCES

1. Kvashnin Yu.D., Kudryavtsev A.K., Plevako N.S., Shveitser V.Ya., eds. European Parliament Elections 2019: National Responses to the Dilemmas of European Integration. Moscow, IMEMO, IE RAS, 2019. 178 p. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.20542/978-5-9535-0559-8

2. De Sio L., Franklin M., Russo L., eds. The European Parliament Elections of 2019. Rome, Luiss University Press, 2019. 283 p.

3. Rovinskaya T. Greens in the Political Landscape of Western Europe (Recent Trends). World Economy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 40-48. (In Russ.) Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-3-40-48 

4. Schwörer J. Mainstream Parties and Global Warming: What Determines Parties’ Engagement in Climate Protection? European Journal of Political Research, 2024, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 303-325. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.12602 

5. Prokhorenko I.L. Energy Transition Narratives in the European Union. Lomonosov World Politics Journal, 2022, no. 4, pp. 77-97. (In Russ.) Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.48015/2076-7404-2022-14-4-77-97 

6. Fleming S., Hancock A., Bounds A. Political Pushback Puts Brakes on Brussels’ Green Agenda. Financial Times, 16.05.2023. Available at: https://www.ft.com/content/9f36ae94-fc37-43d6-9bf2-57c4079c93d1 (accessed 10.02.2024).

7. Bloomfield J., Steward F. The Politics of the Green New Deal. Political Quarterly, 2020, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 770-779. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-923X.12917 

8. Wolf S., Teitge J., Mielke J., Schütze F., Jaeger C. The European Green Deal – More Than Climate Neutrality. Intereconomics, 2021, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 99-107. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10272-021-0963-z 

9. Goldthau A.C., Youngs R. The EU Energy Crisis and a New Geopolitics of Climate Transition. Journal of Common Market Studies, 2023, vol. 61, no. S1, pp. 115-124. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcms.13539

10. Tsibulina A.N. New Growth Priorities of EU Economic Policy. St Petersburg University Journal of Economic Studies, 2024, vol. 40, no. 2. In Press. (In Russ.)

11. Lenschow A. Environmental Policy: Contending Dynamics of Policy Change. Wallace H., Pollack M., Young A., eds. Policy-Making in the European Union. 7th ed. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 344-366. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/hepl/9780198807605.003.0013 

12. Larionova M.V. The EUs Policies for the Green Deal Internationalization. International Organisations Research Journal, 2021, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 124-160. (In Russ.) Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.17323/1996-7845-2021-03-06 

13. Arboleas M.S. Carbon Pricing for Agriculture Key to Cutting Emissions, Say EU Climate Advisers. Euractiv, 22.01.2024. Available at: https://www.euractiv.com/section/agriculture-food/news/carbon-pricing-for-agriculture-key-to-cutting-emissions-say-eu-climate-advisers/ (accessed 10.02.2024).

14. De la Porte C., Stiller S. Lessons about the ‘Harder’ Elements of OMC Governance for the EU Energy Union. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 2020, vol. 22, iss. 6, pp. 830-842. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2020.1785281 

15. Knodt M., Schoenefeld J.J. Harder Soft Governance in European Climate and Energy Policy: Exploring a New Trend in Public Policy. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 2020, vol. 22, iss. 6, pp. 761-773. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2020.1832885 

16. Jordan A., Moore B. Durable by Design? Policy Feedback in a Changing Climate. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2020. 300 p.

17. Kulovesi K., Oberthür S. Assessing the EU’s 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework: Incremental Change toward Radical Transformation? Review of European, Comparative & International Environmental Law, 2020, no. 29 (2), pp. 151-166. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/reel.12358 

18. Oberthür S., Homeyer I. From Emissions Trading to the European Green Deal: the Evolution of the Climate Policy Mix and Climate Policy Integration in the EU. Journal of European Public Policy, 2023, no. 30:3, pp. 445-468. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2022.2120528 

19. Vanhercke B., Verdun A. The European Semester as Goldilocks: Macroeconomic Policy Coordination and the Recovery and Resilience Facility. Journal of Common Market Studies, 2022, vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 204-223. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.13267 

20. Vostrikova E.O., Meshkova A.P. European Countries on the Road to Sustainable Development: Successes and Contradictions. Scientific and Analytical Herald of the Institute of Europe RAS, 2023, no. 5 (35), pp. 113-127. (In Russ.) Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.15211/vestnikieran52023113127

21. Strezhneva M.V. Financial Aspects of the European Green Deal. Analysis and Forecasting. IMEMO Journal, 2021, no. 4, pp. 13-23. (In Russ.) Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.20542/afij-2021-4-13-23


SOURCES

1. JRC PESETA IV – Project Summary Infographic. European Commission, 02.02.2022. Available at: https://joint-research-centre.ec.europa.eu/peseta-projects/jrc-peseta-iv_en (accessed 10.02.2024).

2. Air Quality in Europe – 2019 Report. Report No. 10/2019. European Environmental Agency.

3. Communication “Fit for 55”: Delivering the EU’s 2030 Climate Target on the Way to Climate Neutrality. European Commission. COM (2021) 550. 14.07.2021.

4. Impact Assessment. Staff Working Document. European Commission. SWD (2020) 176. Part 1/2. 17.09.2020.

5. Directive (EU) 2023/2413 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18.10.2023 amending Directive (EU) 2018/2001, Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 and Directive 98/70/EC as regards the promotion of energy from renewable sources, and repealing Council Directive (EU) 2015/652. Official Journal of the European Union, 31.10.2023. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:L_202302413 (accessed 10.02.2024).

6. Report ‘State of the Energy Union 2022’. European Commission. COM(2022) 547. 18.10.2022.

7. A Green Deal Industrial Plan for the Net-Zero Age. European Commission. COM(2023) 62. 01.02.2023.

8. Global Sustainable Investment Review 2020. Available at: https://www.gsi-alliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/08/GSIR-20201.pdf (accessed 10.02.2024).

9. Car Industry Reels from Sunak’s Retreat on Net Zero Plans. Financial Times, 20.09.2023. Available at: https://www.ft.com/content/21be9c28-685a-473e-9274-b24bb4a6c8c9 (accessed 10.02.2024).


For citation:
Kaveshnikov N. Green Deal as a Trigger of Deepening of Integration in the European Union. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2024, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 93-107. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2024-68-6-93-107 EDN: DQTMSC



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.