Water Security Policy of Kazakhstan

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2024-68-5-117-124
L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, 2, Satpaev Str., Astana, 010008, Kazakhstan.
Khoja Akhmet Yassawi International Kazakh-Turkish University, 29, B. Sattarkhanov Prosp., Turkestan, 161200, Kazakhstan.

Received 12.01.2024. Revised 29.02.2024. Accepted 01.03.2024.

Abstract. Ensuring water security holds a crucial position in the strategic planning of nations worldwide. The guaranteed access to water resources and their rational utilization are deemed priorities in the development of strategies within this domain. In the specific context of Kazakhstan, effective water resource management stands out as a key factor in shaping a robust model of national security on a global scale. This research aims to identify the characteristics and features of Kazakhstan’s water security policy by analyzing elements and components at both the national and regional levels. To achieve this, a systemic analysis method was employed to assess the water security situation and identify positions within regional and international organizations. The study delves into the key elements and structural components of Central Asia’s water security policy, shedding light on the peculiarities of national strategies adopted by individual countries in the region. The paper provides an overview of both negative and positive aspects of Kazakhstan’s activities in planning access to river resources, summarizing the main outcomes of such efforts. Additionally, the study analyzes the uniqueness and specificity involved in forming a security strategy to ensure rational access to river sources in Kazakhstan. The results of this research serve as a foundational basis for further scientific exploration. They can be utilized for the development and implementation of innovative tools and methods in security policy within the national strategies of water management.

Keywords: Kazakhstan, Central Asia, water security, climate change, water resource policy, regional cooperation


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For citation:
Orynbayev Z., Muminov N. Water Security Policy of Kazakhstan. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2024, vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 117-124. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2024-68-5-117-124 EDN: OASSCQ

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