Social Dialogue During the COVID-19 Pandemic: EU Experience

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2024-68-4-44-53
Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University, 24, Minina Str., Nizhny Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation.

Received 15.05.2023. Revised 13.10.2023. Accepted 05.02.2024.

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the European Union member states’ experience in the field of maintaining social dialogue during the COVID‑19 pandemic. The author explores strategies for maintaining social dialogue, defines their specific features, and determines the risks within their implementation. It is revealed that the approbation of these strategies forced the national authorities of all EU member states to switch to tripartite consultations, characterized by a high level of representation. The priorities of the social dialogue during the pandemic aimed at ensuring the basic rights of workers in the European Union in various sectors are investigated. Measures ensuring health and safety of workers were put at the forefront. Social partners expected to overcome the main difficulties caused by the pandemic with the help of state support measures. At the same time, they raised topical issues of modeling the economic and social post-crisis recovery. The contribution of social partners to the training and professional development of skilled labor during the pandemic is being established. Effective practices are considered to contribute to the expansion of education opportunities and advanced training of employees through the conclusion of collective agreements with the formation of accounts for such an education. The mechanism of adaptation to the changing labor market using the transfer of workers to remote work is shown. It is emphasized that trade unions have chosen offensive tactics in dialogue with employers, seeking to protect the interests of employees when switching to remote work. It is concluded that the EU countries as a whole managed to overcome the risks of curtailing the social dialogue.

Keywords: European Union, pandemic, social dialogue, social partners, trade unions, workers, employers, collective agreements, labor market, telework, training


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For citation:
Egorov A. Social Dialogue During the COVID-19 Pandemic: EU Experience. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2024, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 44-53. EDN: UUXWXB

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