Transatlantism in the Context of the Decline of Globalization: Discussions in the USA

6
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-8-60-69
EDN: YZNYTO
Yu. Golub, goloub@sgu.ru
Saratov State University, 83, Astrakhanskaya Str., Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation.
Saratov State University, 83, Astrakhanskaya Str., Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation.

Received 06.04.2023. Reviesed 10.05.2023. Accepted 30.05.2023.

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of the role and place of transatlantic relations in American strategic plans. Amid a decline of globalization, the American approaches to the problem of interaction with Europe with the aim of forming a new international relations system are analyzed. As a part of its strategy of the world economy fragmentation, the administration of J. Biden plans to create a bloc of “friendly” countries, the foundation of which should be a strengthened transatlantic community. However, the leading American political and ideological groups disagree with many aspects of the administration’s plan to develop transatlantic relations. For example, the conservative democrats think than it is necessary to carry out reindustrialization by expanding functions of a State. The progressives demand to base the new transatlantism on the general transition to renewable energy and ideas of social equality. The moderate republicans propose to focus on deepening the European integration. The conservatives are confident that true transatlantic solidarity can be built only on the basis of center-right ideological unity. All the groups agree that it is necessary to stimulate the activity of the EU on the anti-Russian direction. Regarding the administration’s demand for Europe to sever relations with China, the progressives, conservative democrats and moderate republicans believe that the administration’s policy splits the transatlantic community. Although to some extent, most of the groups (except progressives) are concerned about protectionist measures on both sides of the Atlantic, it is still believed that such steps are permissible during the transitional stage of the restructuring of the world order. In general, the Biden administration’s policy receives only partial support for its transatlantic course, so quick consensus on the transatlantic future is unlikely.

Keywords: globalization, transatlantic relations, EU, USA, Administration of J. Biden, centrists, conservative democrats, progressives, moderate republicans, conservatives


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For citation:
Golub Y., Shenin S. Transatlantism in the Context of the Decline of Globalization: Discussions in the USA. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2023, vol. 67, no. 8, pp. 60-69. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-8-60-69 EDN: YZNYTO



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