Economic Relations of Kyrgyzstan and PRC: History, Problems, Prospects

27
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-6-116-123
EDN: YKTCDW
Kyrgyz National University named after Jusup Balasagyn, 547, Frunze Str., Bishkek, 720033, Kyrgyzstan.
A. Arzymatova, arzymatova1506@mail.ru
Kyrgyz National University named after Jusup Balasagyn, 547, Frunze Str., Bishkek, 720033, Kyrgyzstan.
Altai State University, 61, Prosp. Lenina, Barnaul, 656049, Russian Federation.

Received 21.11.2022. Revised 06.03.2023. Accepted 03.04.2023.

Acknowledgements. The article was prepared with the support and within the framework of the state task of the Altai State University, project no. 748715F.99.1. 97AA00002 “The Turkic-Mongolian world of the Great Altai: unity and diversity in history and modernity”.


Abstract. The Kyrgyz Republic and the countries of Central Asia are key territories on the path to the implementation of the Silk Road Economic Belt within the framework of the Chinese One Belt, One Road project. After the collapse of the USSR, the entire post-Soviet space for the rapidly growing Chinese economy became even more important as a sales market, and the Central Asian republics, including Kyrgyzstan, turned into key, transit territories within the framework of the One Belt, One Road project. Based on the statistical data of the General Administration of Customs of China and Kyrgyzstan, as well as legal documents, the article examines the dynamics, features and prospects of bilateral trade and economic cooperation. The authors identified the main stages of interaction between the two countries, identified the problems and opportunities for trade and economic cooperation, which has been rapidly developing since the end of the last century. Bilateral dialogue in the trade and economic sphere has good prospects. To date, China has firmly taken the place of the main trading partner of Kyrgyzstan. However, despite the positive dynamics, a number of negative phenomena have been revealed in trade and economic relations. These phenomena were primarily associated with the consequences of the pandemic, the growth of Sinophobia, etc. At present, in all countries of Central Asia, including Kyrgyzstan, Chinese initiatives have both supporters and skeptics, as well as those who fear possible negative consequences in the implementation of Chinese projects. The authors note that there are fears in connection with the expansion and strengthening of the influence of the Celestial Empire in the region, which may have the consequences of territorial concessions to a strong neighbor in exchange for investment, fears associated with economic and migration expansion. But objectively, cooperation between the People’s Republic of China and Kyrgyzstan is gaining momentum, which can bring both benefits as well as certain challenges and risks.

Keywords: foreign trade, economics, integration, cooperation, environment, One Belt, One Road, Kyrgyzstan, China


REFERENCES

1. Omurova J.O., Almazbek kyzy Shirin, Han Xue. Strategic Partnership of the Kyrgyz Republic with the People’s Republic of China. International Journal of Experimental Education, 2022, no. 1, pp. 5-10. (In Russ.) Available at: https://doi.org/10.17513/mjeo.12068 

2. Garbuzarova E.G. “Strategic Partnership” of Kyrgyzstan and China in the Economic Sphere: Prospects and Risks. Universum: Social Sciences, 2018, no. 4 (45). (In Russ.) Available at: https://7universum.com/ru/social/archive/item/5747 (accessed 27.02.2023).

3. Mogilevsky R. Kyrgyzstan and the Belt and Road Initiative. Report no. 50. Bishkek, University of Central Asia, 2019. 28 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://ucentralasia.azurewebsites.net/Publications/Item/2154/RU (accessed 27.02.2023).

4. Cherevyk K.A. Strategic Cooperation between the Kyrgyz Republic and China: Trade and Economic Aspect. Greater Eurasia: Development, Security, Cooperation. Yearbook, 2020, no. 3, part 2, pp. 415-419. (In Russ.) Available at: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/strategicheskoe-sotrudnichestvo-kyrgyzskoy-respubliki-i-knr-torgovo-ekonomicheskiy-aspekt (accessed 27.02.2023).

5. Zhao Qingsong. Economic and Trade Relations between China and Kyrgyzstan: History, Status Quo and Prospects, Central Asian Economic Research. Xinjiang Finance and Economics, 2016, iss. 1, pp. 66-73. (In Chin.)


SOURCES

1. Joint Declaration of the Kyrgyz Republic and the People’s Republic of China on the Establishment of Strategic Partnership Relations. Official Website of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, 11.09.2013. (In Russ.) Available at: https://president.kg/ru/sobytiya/novosti/1402_sovmestnaya_deklaraciya_kirgizskoy_respubliki_i_kitayskoy_narodnoy_respubliki_ob_ustanovlenii_otnosheniy_strategicheskogo_partnerstva (accessed 11.09.2013).

2. A Joint Declaration Was Signed on Deepening the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between Kyrgyzstan and China. Bizexpert.kg, 13.06.2019. (In Russ.) Available at: http://bizexpert.kg/podpisana-sovmestnaya-deklaraciya-ob-uglublenii-otnoshenij-vsestoronnego-strategicheskogo-partnerstva-mezhdu-kyrgyzstanom-i-kitaem/ (accessed 13.06.2019).

3. Data from China General Administration of Customs. Available at: http://english.customs.gov.cn (accessed 27.02.2023).

4. Kyrgyzstan and China Are Interested in Developing Foreign Economic Relations. International Weekly MK-Asia, 07.02.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.mk.kg/politics/2022/02/07/kyrgyzstan-i-kitay-zainteresovany-v-razvitii-vneshneekonomicheskikh-otnosheniy.html (accessed 07.02.2022).

5. List of Documents Signed between Kyrgyzstan and China. Tazabek.kg, 11.09.2013. (In Russ.) Available at: www.tazabek.kg/news:357365/?f=cp (accessed 11.09.2013).

6. China Remains One of the Main Trade and Economic Partners of Kyrgyzstan – Ambassador of the Kyrgyz Republic to China. Stanradar, 11.03.2016. (In Russ.) Available at: https://stanradar.com/news/full/20055-kitaj-ostaetsja-odnim-iz-osnovnyh-torgovo-ekonomicheskih-partnerov-kyrgyzstana-posol-kr-v-knr.html (accessed 27.02.2023).

7. China and Central Asia. Bilateral Trade Relations and Prospects for the Future. PRC.today – China today, 29.05.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: https://prc.today/kitaj-i-czentralnaya-aziya/ (accessed 29.05.2021).

8. Hand in Hand We Are Creating a Wonderful Future for China-Kyrgyzstan Relations. Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the Kyrgyz Republic, 10.11.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: http://kg.china-embassy.org/rus/dssghd/202110/t20211011_10013361.htm (accessed 10.11.2021).

9. China and Kyrgyzstan: Bilateral Trade. Prc.today – China today, 04.10.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: https://prc.today/kitaj-i-kyrgyzstan-dvustoronnyaya-torgovlya/ (accessed 04.10.2021).

10. Trade with China. What Goods Does Kyrgyzstan Import from China? Tazabek.kg, 22.03.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.tazabek.kg/news:1769939/?f=cp (accessed 22.03.2022).

11. China Has Become the Main Trading Partner of Kyrgyzstan in January–June 2022 . Eastweststream, 23.08.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://eastweststream.com/ru/articles/finance/47871 (accessed 23.08.2022).

12. More than 84% of Chinese Imports to the Kyrgyz Republic in 2022 Come from XUAR. Tazabek.kg, 01.12.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.tazabek.kg/news:1828455/www.tazabek.kg/news:1828455/?f=cp (accessed 01.12.2022).

13. China – Central Asia: Second Visit of Chinese Foreign Minister in Two Months. PRC–CA Bulletin, 02.08.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://russian.eurasianet.org (accessed 02.08.2022).

14. Kyrgyzstan Expands Trade and Economic Cooperation with China. Manas.news, 28.07.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://manas.news/economy/kyrgyzstan-rasshirjaet-torgovo-jekonomicheskoe-sotrudnichestvo-s-kitaem/ (accessed 28.07.2022).

15. Kyrgyzstan and China Signed a Program on Trade and Economic Cooperation until 2030. Economist.kg, 27.07.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://economist.kg/novosti/2022/07/27/kyrgyzstan-i-kitaj-podpisali-programmu-po-torgovo-ekonomicheskomu-sotrudnichestvu-do-2030-goda/ (accessed 06.03.2023).

16. Anti-Chinese Sentiment in Kyrgyzstan Is Growing. Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 17.01.2019. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.ng.ru/cis/2019-01-17/5_7485_kirgizia.html (accessed 17.01.2019).

17. How Much Money Kyrgyzstan Owes to China – Chart by Years. Sputnik.kg, 06.08.2019. (In Russ.) Available at: https://ru.sputnik.kg/20190806/kyrgyzstan-china-gosdolg-rost-grafik-1045308431.html (accessed 27.02.2023).

18. Will Chinese Investments in Kyrgyzstan Become “Green”? Cabar.asia, 27.02.2023. (In Russ.) Available at: https://cabar.asia/ru/stanut-li-kitajskie-investitsii-v-kyrgyzstane-zelenymi (accessed 27.02.2023).

19. Experts Spoke about the Consequences of China’s Economic Growth for Kyrgyzstan. Ria.ru, 30.08.2016. (In Russ.) Available at: https://ria.ru/20160830/1475626259.html (accessed 06.03.2023).

20. “Junda” Exceeds the Permissible Standards for Wastewater Pollution. FOR.kg, 18.09.2018. (In Russ.) Available at: https://for.kg/news-512715-ru.html (accessed 06.03.2023).

21. Kyrgyzstan’s Public Debt to China Has Grown 6.5 Times in Ten Years. Regnum.ru, 27.01.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://regnum.ru/news/economy/3489721.html (accessed 27.01.2022).

22. Kyrgyzstan’s Debt to China Is $1.8 Billion. Sputnik.kg, 29.06.2022. (In Russ.) Available at: https://ru.sputnik.kg/20220629/kyrgyzstan-kitay-dolg-vyplata-zhaparov-1065661953.html (accessed 29.06.2022).


For citation:
Omurova J., Arzymatova A., Lysenko Y. Economic Relations of Kyrgyzstan and PRC: History, Problems, Prospects. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2023, vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 116-123. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-6-116-123 EDN: YKTCDW



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.