Fighting Corruption in China Under Xi Jinping

51
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-12-49-59
EDN: NLHIMK
P. Troshchinskiy, troshc@mail.ru
Institute of China and Contemporary Asia, Russian Academy of Sciences (ICCA RAS), 32, Nakhimovskii Prosp., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 08.06.2023. Revised 21.07.2023. Accepted 03.10.2023.

Abstract. Corruption has been a part of Chinese society throughout its existence. The fight against corruption is one of the most important work directions of the Chinese Communist Party and the law enforcement system. After the 18th National Congress of the CPC (November 2012) and the election of Xi Jinping as General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, the anti-corruption efforts have reached a new and higher level. Xi Jinping initiated constitutional reform by establishing a single constitutional anti-corruption body, the National Control Committee, with extensive law enforcement powers; it was formed from the Ministry of Control (a State Council’s organ), the National Bureau of Corruption Prevention (a State Council’s organ) and the departments of the People’s Procuratorates for combating corruption, bribery, and malfeasance. A reformatting of the entire anti-corruption system has taken place. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection is no longer empowered to perform anti-corruption law enforcement functions, but rather should concentrate on controlling party discipline. At the same time, the overall control of the anticorruption fight still remains in the hands of the CPC. In addition to creating a new constitutional control authority, Xi Jinping intensified ideological education and launched a campaign for the total digitalization of the judiciary, law enforcement, finance, and banking, etc. In this way, the efficiency of control over the revenues and expenses of officials and businesses is increased. Under Xi Jinping, anti-corruption educational efforts have been enhanced by the number of documentaries and feature films about the government’s success in combating corruption. The series “In the Name of the People” (2017) was especially popular among the citizens. In Russia, unlike modern China, there is no unified body in the field of combating corruption. The fight against corruption in Russia is the responsibility of the prosecutor’s office and its own security services. From this point, low efficiency of the anti-corruption system is obvious. The experience of China in the investigated area is extremely relevant and significant both in practical and theoretical terms for domestic science and practice.

Keywords: China, Xi Jinping, corruption, politics, control power, CCP, legislation, death penalty, legal regulation


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For citation:
Troshchinskiy P. Fighting Corruption in China Under Xi Jinping. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2023, vol. 67, no. 12, pp. 49-59. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-12-49-59 EDN: NLHIMK



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