Fighting Corruption in China Under Xi Jinping

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-12-49-59
P. Troshchinskiy,
Institute of China and Contemporary Asia, Russian Academy of Sciences (ICCA RAS), 32, Nakhimovskii Prosp., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 08.06.2023. Revised 21.07.2023. Accepted 03.10.2023.

Abstract. Corruption has been a part of Chinese society throughout its existence. The fight against corruption is one of the most important work directions of the Chinese Communist Party and the law enforcement system. After the 18th National Congress of the CPC (November 2012) and the election of Xi Jinping as General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, the anti-corruption efforts have reached a new and higher level. Xi Jinping initiated constitutional reform by establishing a single constitutional anti-corruption body, the National Control Committee, with extensive law enforcement powers; it was formed from the Ministry of Control (a State Council’s organ), the National Bureau of Corruption Prevention (a State Council’s organ) and the departments of the People’s Procuratorates for combating corruption, bribery, and malfeasance. A reformatting of the entire anti-corruption system has taken place. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection is no longer empowered to perform anti-corruption law enforcement functions, but rather should concentrate on controlling party discipline. At the same time, the overall control of the anticorruption fight still remains in the hands of the CPC. In addition to creating a new constitutional control authority, Xi Jinping intensified ideological education and launched a campaign for the total digitalization of the judiciary, law enforcement, finance, and banking, etc. In this way, the efficiency of control over the revenues and expenses of officials and businesses is increased. Under Xi Jinping, anti-corruption educational efforts have been enhanced by the number of documentaries and feature films about the government’s success in combating corruption. The series “In the Name of the People” (2017) was especially popular among the citizens. In Russia, unlike modern China, there is no unified body in the field of combating corruption. The fight against corruption in Russia is the responsibility of the prosecutor’s office and its own security services. From this point, low efficiency of the anti-corruption system is obvious. The experience of China in the investigated area is extremely relevant and significant both in practical and theoretical terms for domestic science and practice.

Keywords: China, Xi Jinping, corruption, politics, control power, CCP, legislation, death penalty, legal regulation


1. Portyakov V.Ya., comp. On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the beginning of economic reforms in the People’s Republic of China. Far Eastern Studies, 2018, no. 6, pp. 4-41. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.31857/S013128120002800-1

2. Borodich V.F., Vinogradov A.V., Troschinsky P.V. The first session of the 12th National People’s Congress and a new administrative reform in China. Far Eastern Studies, 2013, no. 3, pp. 59-65. (In Russ.)

3. Zhang Lan, Li Hongquan. The Reform, Value Worries and Effect Improvement Path of Corruption Governance Under the Application of Intelligent Algorithm. Journal of Guangzhou University (Social Science Edition), 2023, no. 2, pp. 170-180. (In Chin.)

4. Li Wenjie. The basic essentials, functional advantages and future prospects of anti-corruption by rule of law theory in Xi Jinping thought on the rule of law. Gansu Theoretical Journal, 2023, no. 2, pp. 13-21. (In Chin.)

5. Wu Jianxiong. The historical achievements and valuable experience of the centennial party’s anti-corruption struggle. Journal of Wuhan University of Science and Technology (Social Science Edition), 2022, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 20-28. (In Chin.)

6. Galenovich Yu.M., ed. History of China from ancient times to the beginning of the 21st century: in 10 voles. Vol. VIII: People’s Republic of China (1949–1976). Moscow, Nauka, 2017. 822 p. (In Russ.)

7. Vinogradov A.V. Power, business and corruption in China. Far Eastern Studies, 2014, no. 1, pp. 89-96. (In Russ.)

8. Chen Yunsheng. Our country’s anti-corruption is a serious political struggle related to the life and death of the party and the country. Rule of Law and Building of Incorruptible Government. Beijing, Social Science Literature Press, 2008, pp. 26-36. (In Chin.)

9. Mo Jihong. The Rule of Law and the Fight against Corruption. Beijing, Institute of Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 2015. 196 p. (In Russ., Chin., Engl.)

10. Vinogradov A.V. Starting the second century. CPC: from economic reforms to political one. World Economy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 10, pp. 5-12. (In Russ.) Available at:  

11. He Hongyu. The centennial history and experience of the Communist Party of China’s anti-corruption struggle – from “movement anti-corruption”, “rectification movement against corruption”, “institutional anti-corruption” to “comprehensive anti-corruption”. Journal of the Yinchuan Municipal Party College of CPC, 2022, no. 6, pp. 47-55. (In Chin.)

12. Vinogradov A.V. New model of authoritarianism in China. The socio-political situation on the eve of the 19th Congress of the CPC. Proceedings of the annual scientific conference of the Center for Political Research and Forecasts, IFES RAS (Moscow, March 15 and 17, 2017). Moscow, Institute of Far Eastern Studies RAS, 2017, pp. 70-79. (In Russ.)

13. Li Xueqin, Wang Guan. Chinese-style anti-corruption strategy, tactics and basis. China Cadres Tribune, 2023, no. 2, pp. 52-56. (In Chin.) DOI: 10.14117/j.cnki.cn11-3331/d.2023.02.019  

14. Li Shouju. Fox Fairy Belief and Fox Fairy Stories. Taipei, Taiwan Student Bookstore, 1995. 210 p. (In Chin.)

15. Zou Peng, Yan Caimeng. The logical way of constructing Chinese anti-corruption legislation system under the new situation. Journal of Liaoning Administration Institute, 2023, no. 2, pp. 5-12. (In Chin.) DOI: 10.13945/j.cnki. jlac.2023.02.015

16. Kulagin V., Yaroshenko S. Chinese policemen are being searched all over the world. Vedomosti, 19.04.2023. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 02.10.2023).

17. Vinogradov A.V., Troshchinskiy P.V. First session of the 13th NPC and constitutional amendments. Far Eastern Studies, 2018, no. 2, pp. 15-31. (In Russ.)

18. Sonin V.V. “Two-faced Cerberus”: state control and its reform in China. Pacific RIM: economics, politics, law, 2018, no. 4, pp. 104-119. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24866/1813-3274/2018-1-2/104-119

19. Sevalnev V.V. Regulation of anti-corruption enforcement in China. Journal of Foreign Legislation and Comparative Law, 2018, no. 2, pp. 69-74. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/art.2018.2.10

20. Alekseenko A.P. The establishment of the supervisory government in China. Constitutional and Municipal law, 2021, no. 1, pp. 74-77. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.18572/1812-3767-2021-1-74-77

21. Chen Wei, Liu Zhengyi. The value, highlights and prospects of the regulations on the implementation of the supervision law. Juvenile Crimes and Delinquency, 2022, no. 2, pp. 41-56. (In Chin.)

22. Zhang Zhongmin, Yu Yuan. Improving the ideological consciousness that “anti-corruption is the most radical self-reform”. Journal of University of Shanghai for Science and Technology (Social Science Edition), 2022, no. 4, pp. 385-391. (In Chin.) DOI: 10.13256/j.cnki.jusst.sse.2022.04.010

23. Yang Yuping, Wang Danzhu. The goals, tasks, action lines and principles of the anti-corruption struggle in the new era. Theoretical research, 2023, no. 2, pp. 27-35. (In Chin.) DOI: 10.15876/j.cnki.llyj.2023.02.003

24. Liu Hongyan. Strategic transformation of the anti-corruption legislation in China. Journal of Foreign Legislation and Comparative Law, 2017, no. 5, pp. 116-121. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/article_59bbac202b31d8.53700151

25. Troshchinskiy P.V. The court system of China in the digital age: main development directions. Russian justice, 2021, no. 6, pp. 75-82. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.37399/issn2072-909X.2021.6.75-82

26. Lomanov A.V. Modern ideological challenges to the rule of the CPC. World Economy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 10, pp. 13-23. (In Russ.) Available at:  


1. i Jinping. Hold High the Great Banner of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Strive in Unity to Build a Modern Socialist Country in All Respects: Report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Beijing, People’s Publishing House, 2022. 71 p. (In Chin.)

2. Deng Xiaoping. The Main Issues of Modern China. Tr. from Chin. Moscow, Politizdat, 1988. 256 p. (In Russ.)

3. Xi Jinping about the Governance of China. Vol I. Beijing, Foreign Languages Publishing House, 2014. 544 p. (In Chin.)

4. Report on the Work of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection to the 20th National Congress of the CPC. The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China, 27.10.2022. (In Chin.) Available at: (accessed 02.10.2023).

For citation:
Troshchinskiy P. Fighting Corruption in China Under Xi Jinping. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2023, vol. 67, no. 12, pp. 49-59. EDN: NLHIMK

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 6
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The “Pivot to Asia”: AUKUS in the Perception of American Politicum
  • The Collapse of the European Collective Security System
  • Public Investment and Sustainability of World Economy
  • Sub-Saharan Africa: Trends, Proportions and Factors of Development
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.