Hard to Be Left: Foreign Policy Strategies of the New Pink Tide Governments in Latin America

68
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-1-101-110
EDN: ELHWVM
T. Vorotnikova, vorotnikovat@yandex.ru
Institute of Latin America, Russian Academy of Sciences, 21/16, B. Ordynka Str., Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation;
Saint-Petersburg State University, 7–9, Universitetskaya Emb., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation.

Received 14.07.2022. Revised 23.09.2022. Accepted 03.11.2022.

Acknowledgements. The article was prepared within the project “Comintern in Latin America: Historical Traditions and Political Processes” supported by the grant from Russian Science Foundation ( 19-18-00305).


Abstract. The article reviews main principles and imperatives of the foreign policy provided by actual left-wing governments in Latin America. In a big number of countries in the region, politicians with leftist views have recently come to power. Among them there are the presidents of Argentina, Mexico, Bolivia, Peru, Honduras, Chile and Colombia. The scale of the new “Pink tide” suggests analogies to the “Left turn” that took place in the beginning of the 21st century. However, accents in the current agenda vary and nuances make the difference. The analysis of narrative and political practice of the left leaders shows that traditional commitment to the principles of anti-Americanism and anti-neoliberalism stay relevant. Idea of multipolarity and search for an alternative to US hegemony remain key issues to the international positioning of Latin American states. At the same time, they no longer intend to question liberal international order and global economic conditions. Problem of human rights and combat climate change are getting more important for Latin American countries. A special kind of vision on these global concerns can contribute to their diplomatic ambitions and increase their international status. The challenge of balancing between the two global powers, US and China, push to strengthen ties with the non-region states that belong to the “Global south”. Another attribute of the modern regional configuration is lack of an apparent locomotive in the current South American integration system. Too explicit dissimilarities in the strategies of left-wing governments do not give reasons for the emergence of a strong collective platform. The ideology of regionalism that appealed to the great united motherland, is being replaced today by a new configuration where the former interconnectivity between Latin American left regimes is not displayed and mini-lateral cooperation matters. Their realignment and new alliances will be fundamental to the regional balance.

Keywords: Latin America, foreign policy strategies, left regimes, political integration, solidarity, anti-neoliberalism, anti-Americanism, multipolar world


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For citation:
Vorotnikova T. Hard to Be Left: Foreign Policy Strategies of the New Pink Tide Governments in Latin America . World Eonomy and International Relations, 2023, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 101-110. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2023-67-1-101-110 EDN: ELHWVM



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