A Model for Analysis of Ideology in Foreign Policy

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-8-93-100
A. Davydov, adavydov@imemo.ru
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 05.05.2022. Revised 01.06.2022. Accepted 22.06.2022.

Acknowledgements. The article was prepared within the project “Post-Crisis World Order: Challenges and Technologies, Competition and Cooperation” supported by the grant from Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation program for research projects in priority areas of scientific and technological development (Agreement No. 075-15-2020-783).

Abstract. The article presents a theoretical model of how ideological concepts may impact the foreign political strategies of states. The author thinks that the necessity to build a more concrete understanding of the strategic goal setting process is more relevant these days due to the increasing ochlocratic influence on the governmental behavior in the international arena. The model is based on three logically intertwined pillars. The first of them analyzes the socio-psychological mechanism of the transformation of ideas into specific actions on the part of an individual or a collective body. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of ideologemes as compact expressions of normative attitude towards the surrounding events. The article also takes into consideration psychological predispositions that made the conversion of some ideas into actions more probable. The second pillar accounts for the decision-making process. It analyses the most significant elements of the mechanism, that determine how long-term national interests and specific goals are formulated within the political establishment, the expert and governmental officials’ community. The author also presents a vision in which an overall national might, presence or absence of political will define the spectrum of potentially made decisions. This approach can give a more detailed and concrete understanding of the nature of subjectivity in world affairs. The third pillar is based on the analysis of how a governmental actor perceives through its ideological lens its own interaction with the surrounding international environment. This pillar considers the actors’ self-positioning in the world, the foreign policy instruments this actor uses to affect external objects in order to fortify its place on the global stage. The model may be useful for research of the long-term foreign policy strategic planning, establishing specific criteria of effectiveness of its implementation, and forecasting the decision-making process.

Keywords: political science, international relations theory, foreign policy, ideology, political space, ideologeme, identity


1. Kosolapov N.A. Social Psychology and International Relations. Moscow, Nauka, 1983. 272 p. (In Russ.)

2. Semenenko I.S., ed. Identity: Personality, Society, Politics. Moscow, Ves’ Mir, 2017. 991 p. (In Russ.)

3. Klushina N.I. Theory of Ideologies. Political Linguistics, 2014, no. 4, pp. 54-58. (In Russ.)

4. Semenenko I.S., ed. Political Identity and Identity Politics. Moscow, ROSSPEN, 2012. Vol. 2. 471 p. (In Russ.)

5. Prokhorenko I.L. Spatial Approach in International Relations Studies. Moscow, IMEMO RAN, 2015. 111 p. (In Russ.)

6. Istomin I.A. The Logic of State Behavior in International Politics. Moscow, Aspect-Press, 2021. 304 p. (In Russ.)

7. Voitolovskii F.G. Unity and Disunity of the West. Ideological Reflection of Political World Order Transformations in Minds of the Elites of the United States and Western Europe, 1940s – 2000s. Moscow, Kraft+, 2007. 454 p. (In Russ.)

8. Lubutin .N., Pivovarov D.V. Dialectical Theory of Subject and Object. Moscow, Yekaterinburg, Izdatel’stvo Ural’skogo universiteta, 1993. 415 p. (In Russ.)

9. Bogaturov A.D., Kosolapov N.A., Khrustalev M.A. Essays on the Theory and Political Analysis of International Relations. Moscow, NOMFO, 2002. 384 p. (In Russ.)

10. Semigin G.Yu. Ideology. New Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Electronic Library of the Institute of Philosophy, RAS. 2010. (In Russ.) Available at: https://iphlib.ru/library/collection/newphilenc/document/HASHbb6fc2dd8032798c2096bb (accessed 05.05.2022).

11. Uledov A.K. Public Psychology and Ideology. Moscow, Mysl’, 1985. 268 p. (In Russ.).

12. Borisova A.R. Political and Psychological Factors of Decision-Making in the United States in the Context of the Crises of the 2000s. Dr. Dis. (Polit.) Moscow, 2018. 230 p. (In Russ.)

13. Voskresenskii A.D., ed. World Integrated Regional Studies: an Introduction to the Specialty. Moscow, Magistr, 2015. 448 p. (In Russ.)

14. Prokhorenko I.L. Possibilities of Spatial Approach in Analysis of Ethnopolitical Conflicts. Polis. Political Studies, 2016, no. 6, pp. 127-138. (In Russ.) Available at: https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2016.06.09

15. Semenenko I.S., Lapkin V.V., Pantin V.I. Classifying Ethnic Conflicts: Challenges for Political Theory and Methodology. Polis. Political Studies, 2016, no. 6, pp. 69-94. (In Russ.) Available at: https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2016.06.06

16. Kosolapov N.A. Socio-Psychological Factors in the Development of U. S. Policy in Vietnam (1940–1975). Abstract Dr. Dis. (Hist.) Moscow, 1976. 23 p. (In Russ.)

17. Voslenskii M.S. Nomenclature. The Ruling Class of the Soviet Union. Moscow, “Sovetskaya Rossiya” together with NP “Oktyabr’”, 1991. 624 p. (In Russ.)

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Davydov A. A Model for Analysis of Ideology in Foreign Policy. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 8, pp. 93-100. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-8-93-100

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.