Received 07.03.2022. Revised 28.03.2022. Accepted 05.05.2022.
Abstract. The Strategy for the Social and Economic Development of the Russian Federation with a Low Level of Greenhouse Gas Emissions until 2050 was adopted in 2021. It determines the measures to ensure by 2030 a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of up to 70% compared to 1990 levels. The Strategy presents two scenarios: inertial and target (intensive). The inertial scenario is based on the preservation of the current economic model, including the structure of the energy balance. The target (intensive) scenario involves the use of additional measures to decarbonize the economy and increase the absorbing capacity of managed ecosystems. The global energy transition is considered as one of the factors for ensuring the competitiveness of the Russian economy on a global scale. The implementation of the intensive scenario in a favorable foreign policy environment would allow Russia, as the locomotive of the Union State with its colossal natural, human and economic potential, not only to contribute to the solution of universal tasks, but also to make a successful breakthrough into a new global technological order, this would allow Russia to become one of the leading world powers in addressing climate challenges in cooperation with other countries. The closest partner in integration processes – the Republic of Belarus – is to play a key role in solving global climate problems. According to the current foreign policy agenda, there are reasons to expect Minsk and Moscow to moved forward in harmonization of their national approaches, strategies and practices of the energy transition. This is a vital precondition for creating a common East European-Eurasian contour of the emerging energy system.
Keywords: climate change, global energy transition, Paris Agreement, intensive scenario, energy sector, integrated energy systems, Russian Federation, Belarus, the Union State
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