Energy Transition of the Union State of Russia and Belarus: Features and Prospects

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-7-127-134
Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russian Federation, Ostozhenka Str.,53/2, bld.1, Moscow, 119021, Russian Federation.

Received 07.03.2022. Revised 28.03.2022. Accepted 05.05.2022.

Abstract. The Strategy for the Social and Economic Development of the Russian Federation with a Low Level of Greenhouse Gas Emissions until 2050 was adopted in 2021. It determines the measures to ensure by 2030 a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions of up to 70% compared to 1990 levels. The Strategy presents two scenarios: inertial and target (intensive). The inertial scenario is based on the preservation of the current economic model, including the structure of the energy balance. The target (intensive) scenario involves the use of additional measures to decarbonize the economy and increase the absorbing capacity of managed ecosystems. The global energy transition is considered as one of the factors for ensuring the competitiveness of the Russian economy on a global scale. The implementation of the intensive scenario in a favorable foreign policy environment would allow Russia, as the locomotive of the Union State with its colossal natural, human and economic potential, not only to contribute to the solution of universal tasks, but also to make a successful breakthrough into a new global technological order, this would allow Russia to become one of the leading world powers in addressing climate challenges in cooperation with other countries. The closest partner in integration processes – the Republic of Belarus – is to play a key role in solving global climate problems. According to the current foreign policy agenda, there are reasons to expect Minsk and Moscow to moved forward in harmonization of their national approaches, strategies and practices of the energy transition. This is a vital precondition for creating a common East European-Eurasian contour of the emerging energy system.

Keywords: climate change, global energy transition, Paris Agreement, intensive scenario, energy sector, integrated energy systems, Russian Federation, Belarus, the Union State


1. Marini V. Institutional Initiatives to Foster Green Finance at EU Level. The Rise of Green Finance in Europe, 2019, pp. 119-149. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22510-0_6.

2. Makarov I.S., Stepanov I.A. Paris climate agreement: impact on global energy and challenges for Russia. Actual problems of Europe, 2018, no. 1, pp. 77-100. (In Russ.)

3. Stepanov I.A., Makarov I.A. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulation in Fossil Fuels Exporting Countries: Opportunities and Challenges for Russia. Post-Communist Economies, 2021. Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

4. Zhavoronkova N.G., Agafonov V.B. The role of the national climate law in ensuring “energy transition”. Actual problems of Russian law, 2022 February, vol. 17, no. 2 (135), pp. 151-162. (In Russ.)


1. AR6 Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. International Panel on Climate Change, 2021. Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

2. Paris Agreement. UN, 2015. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

3. Energy Transition Outlook 2021. DNV GL, 2022. Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

4. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. UN, 1992. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

5. Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. UN, 1997. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

6. Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. UN, 1997, p. 27. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

7. Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol. UN, 2012. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

8. Nationally determined contributions. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

9. What is happening with climate change in Belarus? (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 18.01.2022).

10. Forest and carbon resource of Belarus. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

11. Draft Strategy for Adaptation of Forestry in Belarus to Climate Change. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

12. Fourth Biennial Report of the Republic of Belarus. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

13. More ambitious goal of Belarus to reduce greenhouse gas emissions under the Paris Agreement was discussed in Minsk. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

14. Nationally determined contribution of the Republic of Belarus to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions until 2030. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 13.01.2022).

15. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation “On the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions”. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

16. Russia announced its first nationally determined contribution to the implementation of the Paris Agreement. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

17. Nationally Determined Contribution of the Russian Federation as part of the implementation of the Paris Agreement of December

12, 2015. Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

18. Strategy of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation with low greenhouse gas emissions until 2050. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

19. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of October 29, 2021 no. 3052-r. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.03.2022).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Seregina A. Energy Transition of the Union State of Russia and Belarus: Features and Prospects. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 127-134.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 5
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Are There Any Ways to Break Through the Korean Nuclear Impasse?
  • Contemporary U.S. Taiwan Policy: Balancing on the Edge
  • The Gulf Monarchies’ Vision of the Global Order Transformations and the Russian Place in It
  • At Post-Soviet Space
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.