China on the Eve of the 20th CPC Congress

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-6-5-16
V. Mikheev,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 17.01.2022. Revised Accepted 05.04.2022.

Abstract. In the last quarter of 2021, a number of important events that consolidated the previously outlined trends in China’s development took place but with new significant nuances. In early November, the 6th plenary session of the 19th CPC Central Committee was held in Beijing, at which, in the official interpretation of the Communist Party of China, the “third historic resolution” was adopted. In fact, it formalized Xi Jinping’s monopoly on political power on the eve of the 20th CPC Congress scheduled for autumn 2022, at which Xi is planned to be re-elected as the CPC General Secretary for a third term. In mid-November, an online Summit of Xi and Joe Biden took place, confirming the current course of both sides to develop relations with a “new bipolarity in the context of globalization” emerging around the Sino-American confrontation. In December, the white paper titled “China: Democracy That Works” was published in Beijing. In parallel with the increasing intensity and scale of China’s propaganda and diplomatic offensive, it revealed a new detail in Beijing’s approaches to bipolar confrontation with the United States – namely, the inclusion of the topic of “democracy” and “value orientations” of world development in the sphere of confrontation. New peculiarities have emerged in the economy. At the December economic meeting of the CPC Central Committee, the views of the Chinese leadership on the country’s near economic future were presented to the public much more cautiously than before. In Chinese foreign policy propaganda, the role of China’s main partner in the fight against American hegemony, through which Beijing seeks to strengthen the “Chinese pole” of the “new bipolarity”, is assigned to Russia. In addition to the growing volumes of economic and military cooperation and political interaction, Beijing counts on Moscow’s support in matters significant for active Chinese diplomacy in promoting Chinese ideas of democracy and the “Community of Common Destiny for Mankind” theory as the most important universal reference point in the world ideological and political space.

Keywords: world economy, international relations, China, foreign policy, economic development model, Russian-Chinese relations


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For citation:
Mikheev V., Lukonin S. China on the Eve of the 20th CPC Congress. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 5-16.

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