United Arab Emirates Space Activity: Breaking the Stereotypes

91
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-5-78-87
E. Melkumyan, g.kosach@mail.ru
Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 12, Rozhdestvenka Str., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation.

Received 13.09.2021. Revised 25.11.2021. Accepted 03.03.2022.

Abstract. The article analyzes the formation and development of the UAE space sector in the context of the country’s strategic plans. The author draws attention to how large-scale space activities change the existing perception of this country as a state whose economic well-being depends on export of energy resources. The article discusses how modernization has created conditions for transition to a fundamentally new stage of economic development, with space activity being one of its important sectors. The article analyzes in detail the organizational structure and legal acts that regulate activities in the field of space in the UAE. Space programs such as astronaut training, satellite launches, lunar exploration, and the Martian program are examined. All of them are part of Emirati international efforts aimed at space exploration. International cooperation, as the article argues, is a characteristic feature of the UAE space activities. The author acknowledges these colossal shifts that are taking place not only in the economic structure, but also in the social status, and in the minds of the Emirati citizens. The article also touches upon the rapid changes in the status of women, as demonstrated by the example of their participation in space activities. The author also draws attention to the growth in the number of nationally qualified personnel employed in the space sector, which indicates that there must be a reassessment of the established perceptions of the UAE as a traditional country whose citizens, with their well-being provided by the state, do not show interest in improving their education and increasing participation in economic development of their state. UAE space activities reflect the aspirations of the country to make a breakthrough in their economic and social development, as well as to increase their international prestige.

Keywords: UAE, space activities, space sector, astronauts, space programs, Earth satellites, Mars exploration


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For citation:
Melkumyan E. United Arab Emirates Space Activity: Breaking the Stereotypes. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 78-87. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-5-78-87



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