Afghanistan and the New International Configuration in Asia

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-4-35-43
D. Malysheva,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences(IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 05.01.2022.

Abstract. The development of the international political changes in Central and South Asia is analyzed in the article in connection with the consequences of the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan and the Taliban’s second rise to power (the first one was in 1996). It is shown that the peaceful transformation of Afghanistan is impeded by such persistent threats as religious extremism, terrorism, illegal drug trafficking. The complex mosaic of regional relations, in which Afghanistan is becoming an important element due to the changes that have happened in this country, is determined in Asia by the growing rivalry and competitive struggle of major economic states of the region, as well as global players, and by the efforts of all of them to build various international coalitions (Shanghai Cooperation Organization, RIC – Russia, India, China; Quadripartite Security Dialogue – QUAD, C5+1, Organization of Turkic States, etc.). Of particular interest in this regard is the position of the neighboring states – the three Central Asian nations (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan), as well as China, Pakistan, India and Iran. Apart from that, this study also outlines the most important challenges for the national security interests of Afghanistan’s Asian neighbors. An optimal scenario for both Afghanistan’s Asian neighbors and Russia would imply achieving a stable consensus in this country. Afghanistan becoming a full member of such an influential international bloc as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, where Russia, Central Asian states and major Asian economic powers are already represented, can have positive consequences for the stabilization of the situation in the country and the whole Asian region. This would create favorable conditions for successful economic and political interaction between the Central and South Asian states. In conclusion the author emphasizes that the transformations in Afghanistan have complicated regional challenges, prompting neighboring states to focus on the military-political component of their security. Aiming to prevent a negative scenario in Afghanistan, they also multiplied diplomatic contacts with the current leadership of the country. The new international political configuration that is emerging in modern Asia dictates new approaches in the security sphere for the Asian states.

Keywords: international relationships, Afghanistan, Taliban, South and Central Asia, religious extremism, terrorism, regional security


  1. Agreement for Bringing Peace to Afghanistan between the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan Which is not Recognized by the United States as a State and is Known as the Taliban and the United States of America. 29.02.2020. 4 p. Available at: (accessed 08.04.2021).
  2. Resolution 1386 (2001) Adopted by the Security Council at its 4443rd meeting, on 20 December 2001. 3 p. S/RES/1386 (2001). Available at: (accessed 05.04.2010).
  3. Russian general announced US involvement in the transfer of militants to Afghanistan. Interfax, 28.09.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 18.12.2021).
  4. Juma A. The Power of Terror, or Terror in Power. Svobodnaya pressa, 17.12.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 17.12.2021).
  5. Kermani S. Meth and Heroin Fuel Afghanistan Drugs Boom. BBC, 12.12.2021. Available at: (accessed 19.12.2021).
  6. Conflicts in Afghanistan Leaves over Half a Million Internally Displaced in 2021: Report. The Khaama Press, 26.11.2021. Available at: (accessed 22.12.2021).
  7. Resolution 2596 (2021) Adopted by the Security Council at its 8862nd meeting, on 17 September 2021. 2 p. Available at: (accessed 07.12.2021).
  8. Briefing to the United Nations Security Council by the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan, Ms. Deborah Lyons. New York, 17.11.2021. United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, (UNAMA). Available at: (accessed 07.12.2021).
  9. Sheikh S.R. Taliban Teetering on Verge of Economic Collapse. Asia Times, 24.11.2021. Available at: (accessed 30.11.2021).
  10. Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s Remarks at the Meeting of Foreign Ministers of the Countries Participating in the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia. The Ministry of the Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. 12.10.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 12.10.2021).
  11. Starr S.F. A “Greater Central Asia Partnership” for Afghanistan and its Neighbors. Silk Road Paper. March 2005. Washington. 38 p. Available at: (accessed 12.10.2021).
  12. Eleventh Report of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team Submitted Pursuant to Resolution 2501 (2019) Concerning the Taliban and Other Associated Individuals and Entities Constituting a Threat to the Peace, Stability and Security of Afghanistan. 27 May 2020. S/2020/415. 28 p. Available at: (accessed 09.12.2021).
  13. Afghanistan and Tajikistan: News on the Border. Sputnik Tadzhikistan, 20.12.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 20.12.2021).
  14. Lalzoy N. Taliban to Deploy Suicide Bombers to Afghanistan’s Borders. The Khaama Press, 02.10.2021. Available at: (accessed 04.10.2021).
  15. Serenko A.: «The Taliban are “Testing” Today not Only Dushanbe, but Also Moscow and the CSTO». Fergana, 27.09.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 27.09.2021).
  16. The Taliban Announced a Complete Takeover of the Panjshir Province. RIA News, 06.09.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 15.12.2021).
  17. Residents of the Breakaway Afghan Province Rally Against Taliban. Lenta, 26.12.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 26.12.2021).
  18. Krivosheev K. “Taliban” and Tajikistan have crossed threats. Kommersant, 27.09.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 28.09.2021).
  19. Speech at the General Debates Within the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly. President of the Republic of Tajikistan, 24.09.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 28.09.2021).
  20. Announcing the U.S. – Afghanistan – Uzbekistan – Pakistan Quad Regional Support for Afghanistan-Peace Process and Post Settlement. The State Government, 16.07.2021. Available at: (accessed 14.11.2021).
  21. Schmitt E. and Cooper H. How the U. S. Plans to Fight from Afar After Troops Exit Afghanistan. The New York Times, 15.04.2021. Available at: (accessed 23.04.2021).
  22. Martin P., et al. U.S. Seeks Refuge for Afghan Staff as It Hands Over Key Base. Bloomberg, 02.07.2021. Available at: (accessed 02.07.2021).
  23. Standish R. Beijing’s Influence on Kabul: The Taliban Have Removed Uyghur Fighters from the Afghan-Chinese Border. Azattyq, 06.10.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 01.01.2022).
  24. Zongyi L. Why is it Essential for China, Pakistan to Enhance Coordination Against Terrorists, Safeguard Regional Stability. Global Times, 02.10.2021. Available at: (accessed 04.10.2021).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Malysheva D. Afghanistan and the New International Configuration in Asia. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 35-43.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.