Civil Society and Educational Development: the Latin American Experience

20
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-2-101-111
L. Diyakova, diakova65@mail.ru
Institute of Latin American Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, (ILA RAN), 21/16, Bol’shaya Ordynka, Moscow, 115035, Russian Federation.

Received 31.05.2021.

Abstract. Civil society organizations, whose activity increased in the first decade of the 21th century, play a significant role in improving and correcting public policies at the local level. The article examines the ideological principles and practical activities of NGOs in the field of education, represented by both regional and local organizations, as well as interaction between the state, society and business in promoting joint projects, increasing the inclusiveness and quality of educational systems, and developing new approaches. Special attention is paid to non-state educational institutions that offer a possibility of additional training, as well as alternative universities created by Indian organizations to implement the principles of intercultural dialogue and genuine equality. Activities of Latin American civil society have a significant impact on the social life of the region. It is a complex social phenomenon of particular interest. The author acknowledges that NGOs are not able to solve most urgent problems of education as they remain a subject to a targeted strategy of the state, which consists in attempts to radically improve the entire system, ensuring equal chances for children from poor backgrounds. Nonetheless, by exerting a significant impact on public life in the region, minimizing the costs and failures of state policies, these NGOs play an important stabilizing function as they develop an alternative and additional education and provide opportunities to vulnerable social groups. At the new stage of development, in the conditions of disillusionment with the state’s capabilities, the social role of civil society will inevitably increase, expanding the social space of creative activity, complementing, correcting and improving public policies.

Keywords: Latin America, civil society, education, social development, non-governmental organizations, “favorable human environment”


REFERENCES

  1. Panorama social de América Latina, 2013. CEPAL. Santiago de Chile, 2014. 228 p.
  2. Panorama social de América Latina, 2018. CEPAL. Santiago de Chile, 2019. 227 p.
  3. Informe sobre impacto económico en América Latina y el Caribe de la enfermedad por coronavirus (COVID‑19). CEPAL, Mayo 2020. Available at: https://www.cepal.org/es/publicaciones/45602-informe-impacto-economico-america-latina-caribe-la-enfermedad-coronavirus-covid (accessed 18.01.2021).
  4. América Latina sufrirá en 2020 su peor crisis económica en 120 años, advierte la Cepal. DW, 16.12.2020. Available at: https://www.dw.com/es/am%C3%A9rica-latina-sufrir%C3%A1-en-2020-su-peor-crisis-econ%C3%B3mica-en-120-a%C3%B1os-advierte-la-cepal/a-55966400 (accessed 18.01.2021).
  5. Democratization. Haerpfer C.W., Bernhagen P., Inglehart R.F., Welzel C., eds. Moscow, HSE University Publishing House, 2015. 708 p. (In Russ.)
  6. The history of Latin America in the world historical and social thought of the XVI–XIX centuries. Larin E.A., ed. Moscow, Nauka, 2010. 814 p. (In Russ.)
  7. Echeverría E. The socialist doctrine of the May Association. Progressive Thinkers of Latin America (XIX – early XX century). Burgete A.R., ed. Moscow, Mysl’, 1965, pp. 39-92. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.philosophy.ru/library/progressivnye-mysliteli-latinskoy-ameriki-xix-nachalo-xx-v-/ (accessed 18.01.2021).
  8. Shulgovski A. Bolívar y Bello: papel en la lucha liberadora en América Latina. Andrés Bello. Gayol Mecías M., ed. La Habana, Casa de Las Americas, 1989, pp. 70-89.
  9. Egaña-Baraona J.L. Abrir Las Puertas. Discursos Escogidos Marzo 2004 Ricardo Lagos Escobar, Presidente De La República – Febrero 2005. Tomo V. Santiago de Chile, Secretaría de Comunicación y Cultura, Pres. de la República de Chile, 2005, 393 p. Available at: http://repositorio.conicyt.cl/handle/10533/205620 (accessed 18.01.2021).
  10. Ermolieva E.G. Education in Latin America: adapting to the challenges of the time. Moscow, ILA RAN, 2014. 188 p. (In Russ.)
  11. Panorama Social de América Latina 2019. CEPAL, Diciembre 2019. 267 p. Available at: https://www.cepal.org/es/publicaciones/44969-panorama-social-america-latina-2019 (accessed 18.01.2021).
  12. Ermolieva E.G. Current agenda: problems of Latin American youth. Latinskaya America, 2019, no. 1, pp. 12-27. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.31857/S0044748X0003505-4
  13. Kuznetsova E.E., Pegusheva L.V. The man of labor and his place in society (90-s of XX century). Latinskaya America, 2001, no. 3, pp. 14-29. (In Russ.)
  14. The State, civil society and the process of democratization in Latin America. Galkina A.D., Kuznetsova E.E., eds. Moscow, ILA RAN, 1995. 256 p. (In Russ.)
  15. Diyakova L.V. The Humanist Movement in Latin America: Ideology and Socio-political practice. Latinskaya America, 2014, no. 8, pp. 16-23. (In Russ.)
  16. Kanunnikov A.A. Non-governmental organizations and the EU Free Trade Agreement–MERCOSUR. Latinskaya America, 2020, no. 1, pp. 47-53. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.31857/S0044748X0007758-2
  17. Reduca – Red Latinoamericana por la Educación. Available at: https://www.reduca-al.net/ (accessed 21.01.2021).
  18. Material audiovisual. Comunidades de aprendizaje. Faro. Available at: https://grupofaro.org/areas-de-trabajo/comunidades-de-aprendizaje/ (accessed 26.10.2020).
  19. Unidos por la Educación busca ser el primer fideicomiso para reformar el sistema educativo del Ecuador. El Universo, 6 de agosto, 2020. Available at: https://www.eluniverso.com/noticias/2020/08/04/nota/7930713/iniciativa-unidos-educacion-ecuador (accessed 19.10.2020).
  20. Somoza D.A. Jóvenes Unidos por la Educación hacen un llamado para que la enseñanza sea inclusiva. En Segundos, marzo 2, 2020. Available at: https://ensegundos.com.pa/2020/03/02/jovenes-unidos-por-la-educacion-hacen-un-llamado-para-que-la-ensenanza-sea-inclusiva/ (accessed 20.10.2020).
  21. El programa Inclusión Digital, en alianza con la UGEL Piura, desarrolla un ciclo de webinars para fortalecer las competencias digitales de los docentes: EXE Empresarios por la Educación, 10.11.2021. Available at: https://empresariosporlaeducacion.org.pe/noticias/el-programa-inclusion-digital-en-alianza-con-la-ugel-piura-desarrolla-un-ciclo-de-webinars-para-fortalecer-las-competencias-digitales-de-los-docentes/ (accessed 22.11.2021).
  22. RTVC, el nuevo aliado de La Educación Que Nos Une. Fundación, 2020, 15 Oct. Available at: https://fundacionexe.org.co/tag/la-educacion-que-nos-une/ (accessed 16.01.2021).
  23. Programas Educativos destacados de las empresas de los miembros del CEAL. Educación. CEAL. Available at: http://ceal.co/acerca/educacion/ (accessed 27.05.2021).
  24. El Banco Mercantil Santa Cruz impulsa una campaña para otorgar becas en beneficio de jóvenes bolivianos. Delta Financiero, 14 de Enero de 2021. Available at: http://deltafinanciero.com/9779-El-Banco-Mercantil-Santa-Cruz-impulsa-una-campana-para-otorgar-becas-en-beneficio-de-jovenes-bolivianos (accessed 27.05.2021).
  25. Apadrinamiento de centros escolares. Funda Educa. Available at: https://fundaeduca.org/apadrinamiento-de-centros-escolares/ (accessed 25.05.2021).
  26. Fundación Ficohsa es reconocida por su Programa Educando Nuestro Futuro. FUNDAHRSE, 2017, 29 mayo. Available at: https://fundahrse.org/boletines/fundacion-ficohsa-es-reconocida-por-su-programa-educando-nuestro-futuro/ (accessed 25.05.2021).
  27. Plataforma de prácticas efectivas. SUMMA. Available at: https://www.summaedu.org/plataforma/ (accessed 25.05.2021).
  28. Consejo de Educación Popular de América Latina y El Caribe (CEAAL). Socioeco. Available at: http://www.socioeco.org/bdf_organisme-903_it.html (accessed 16.01.2021).
  29. Imelda Arana Sáenz. La Educación Popular Feminista en red: 30 años de la Red de Educación Popular entre Mujeres – REPEM. DVV International. Available at: https://www.dvv-international.de/es/educacion-de-adultos-y-desarrollo/ediciones/ead-792012/trabajo-en-red/la-educacion-popular-feminista-en-red-30-anos-de-la-red-de-educacion-popular-entre-mujeres-repem (accessed 16.01.2021).
  30. Arias-Ortega K., Quintriqueo S. Educación superior en contexto mapuche: El caso de La Araucanía, Chile. Revista Electrónica Educare, 2020, vol. 24, núm. 2, pp. 1-19. Available at: https://www.redalyc.org/jatsRepo/1941/194163269001/html/index.html (accessed 24.01.2021).
  31. Mato D. Las iniciativas de los movimientos indígenas en educación superior: un aporte para la profundización de la democracia. Nueva Sociedad, Buenos Aires, 2010, no. 227, pp. 102-119. Available at: https://nuso.org/articulo/las-iniciativas-de-los-movimientos-indigenas-en-educacion-superior-un-aporte-para-la-profundizacion-de-la-democracia/ (accessed 24.01.2021).
  32. El 7% de la población de Ecuador es indígena, según Cepal. El Universo, 2014, 22 de septiembre. Available at: https://www.eluniverso.com/noticias/2014/09/22/nota/4019821/7-poblacion-ecuador-es-indigena-segun-cepal (accessed 24.12.2020).
  33. Sarango Macas L.F. La universidad intercultural Amawtay Wasi del Ecuador, un proyecto atrapado en la colonialidad del poder. Revista Universitaria Del Caribe, 2019, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 31-43. Available at: https://doi.org/10.5377/ruc.v23i2.8929
  34. Shinkarenko A.A. Vida Verde in the Western Hemisphere: the concept of Buen Vivir in Latin America as a foundation for reverse modernization. Vida Verde: Reverse modernization as a new vector of inclusive growth. Analytical report. Rusakova T.U., ed. Moscow, Nauchnyi ekspert, 2020, pp. 41-54. (In Russ.) Available at: https://centero.ru/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Centero_Vida-Verde.pdf (accessed 24.01.2021).
  35. Trabaja con nosotros. Fundación Superación Pobreza. Available at: http://www.superacionpobreza.cl/trabaja-con-nosotros/#servicio-pais (accessed 14.01.2021).
  36. Por Los Chicos. Available at: https://www.porloschicos.com/comedores-programas.php (accessed 14.01.2021).
  37. ONG Por Los Niños Uruguayos. Available at: https://www.elvagon.org.uy/ (accessed 14.01.2021).
  38. Rojas K. Alianza de Acción Comunitaria promueve talleres de liderazgo para jóvenes ramonenses. El Sol, 25.08.2015. Available at: https://elsoldeoccidente.com/enlinea/2015/08/alianza-de-accion-comunitaria-promueve-talleres-de-liderazgo-para-jovenes-ramonenses/ (accessed 21.01.2021).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Dyakova L. Civil Society and Educational Development: the Latin American Experience. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, No 2, pp. 101-111. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-2-101-111



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Current Issue
2022, vol. 66, No. 11
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Developing Countries in the New Equation of the Post-Crisis World Order 
  • U.S. Public Diplomacy as a Tool for “Political Warfare” 
  • Central Europe: Possible Scenarios
  • The Collapse of the Global Consumption Model: in Search of Sustainability
  • Future Wars in Light of the Past Experience
Submit an Article
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.