Employment and Education Policy in Germany in the Context of Digitalisation and Industry 4.0 Development

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-11-50-59
M. Yevtodyeva, mariannaevt@imemo.ru
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 25.03.2022. Revised 20.07.2022. Accepted 29.08.2022.

Acknowledgements. The article has been supported by a grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR). Project no. 20-011-31492 “Science and Technology Policy in the Context of Society`s Digital Transformation: Global Practices and Russia”.

Abstract. The article is devoted to the study of tools to regulate the evolution of the labour market and educational sphere in Germany in connection with digitalization and the development of the “Industry 4.0”. These issues have been studied insufficiently both at the country and cross-country levels, since most of the scientific literature deals mainly with economic and technological aspects of digital transformation, while the role of public policy and the formation of the “digital environment” (including human resources and education) are given much less attention. The paper highlights key features of Germany’s digital strategy, such as the development of cyber-physical systems, IT security, and the reliance on public-private partnerships in the course of digitalization. It also analyzes a wide range of projects, initiatives and programs in the field of regulation of the labour market and education, on the basis of which the German Federal Government provides a solution to the most pressing problems and challenges for the country’s digitalization. According to the findings of the White Paper “Labour 4.0” by the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs and of a number of experts in labour market of Germany, these challenges include: the lack of the qualified specialists in MINT professions (Mathematik, Informatik, Naturwissenschaften, Technik), specialists with digital skills and knowledge of information and communication technologies; shortcomings in the development of education and digital environment, in particular low levels of technical equipment of schools and other educational institutions; the negative impact of demographics and migration problems on the labour market and employment.

Keywords: Germany, Industry 4.0, Labour 4.0, Education 4.0, digitalization, labour market, regulatory tools


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For citation:
Yevtodyeva M. Employment and Education Policy in Germany in the Context of Digitalisation and Industry 4.0 Development. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 50-59. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-11-50-59

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