The Collapse of the Global Consumption Model: in Search of Sustainability

58
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-11-92-100
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1, build. 46, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation.
S. Solovyeva, solovyevasv@gmail.com
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1, build. 46, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation.
P. Kiryushin, pkiryushin@gmail.com
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1, build. 46, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation.

Received 10.07.2022. Revised 25.07.2022. Accepted 22.08.2022.

Acknowledgements. The article has been supported by a grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR). Project No. 20-010-00981.


Abstract. New “climate change reality” is transforming the goals that were the most important two or three years ago. During the last few years, the EU, U.S., China, Japan and many other countries established new plans to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050–2060s. These new goals and plans towards achieving carbon neutrality and greening national economies require a fundamental change in consumption patterns. The growth in demand leads to an increase in consumption, which, in turn, stimulates an increase in production and the volume of resources involved (energy, minerals, land, water, etc.). One of the most important indicators of the global consumption model is decoupling, which means the growth of the economy without corresponding rise of environmental pressure and resource consumption. Although there were some signs of the decoupling effect in the developed countries during the previous two decades, it was not achieved on the global scale during that period. Moreover, by 2060s, the resource consumption of the world economy may escalate significantly. At the global level, the growth of consumption in developed countries can lead to an overall increase in the impact on the planet’s biosphere. This impact relates to the “export” of environmental costs from developed countries to developing ones, which can be clearly observed on the example of the greenhouse gas emissions indicator. The same pattern manifests itself as an increase in the UN Planetary pressures–adjusted Human Development Index. The general trend is: the higher the level of human development – the greater the index of the planetary pressure. Finally, the transition of mankind to sustainable development requires a profound transformation of consumption patterns due to the impossibility to maintain high environmentally intensive consumption standards for the next generations, based on the accomplished technological level, traditional economic model and established institutions.

Keywords: sustainable development, consumption patterns, Sustainable Development Goals, carbon footprint, global environmental impact


REFERENCES 

1. Hertwich E., Lifset R., Pauliuk S., Heeren N. Resource Efficiency and Climate Change: Material Efficiency Strategies for a Low-Carbon Future. A report of the International Resource Panel. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya. IRP, 2020. Available at: https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/34351/RECCR.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (accessed 18.03.2022).

2. Sen A. The Ends and Means of Sustainability. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2013, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 6-20. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/19452829.2012.747492

3. Bobylev S.N. New economic models and indicators of sustainable development. Economic revival of Russia, 2019, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 23-29. (In Russ.)

4. Peregudov S.P., Semenenko I.S. Corporate Citizenship: Concepts, World Practice and Russian Realities. Moscow, Progress-Tradition, 2008. 448 p. (In Russ.)

5. Danilov-Danil’yan V.I. Global environmental problem and sustainable development. Moscow University Economic Bulletin. Series 6. Economics, 2019, no. 4, pp. 8-23.

6. Vernadskii V.I. Scientific thought as a planetary phenomenon. Moscow, Nauka, 1991. 271 p.

7. Meadows D.H., Meadows D.L., Randers J., Behrens III, William W. The Limits to Growth. A Report for the Club of the Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind, New York, Universe Books, 1972. 211 p.

8. Meadows D.H. Thinking in systems: a primer. Vermont, Chelsea Green Publishing, 2008. 213 p.

9. Wackernagel M. Ecological footprint and appropriated carrying capacity: a tool for planning toward sustainability. University of British Columbia. 1994. Available at: https://open.library.ubc.ca/soa/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/831/items/1.0088048 (accessed 18.03.2022).

10. Bobylev S.N., Solovyeva S.V., Khovavko I.Yu. Environmental Conflicts in the Mirror of the “Civilization of Maximization”. Journal of Siberian Federal University. Humanities & Social Sciences, 2021, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 956-965. DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-0775

SOURCES 

1. State and Trends of Carbon Pricing. The World Bank, 2020. Available at: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/33809/9781464815867.pdf?sequence=4&is%20Allowed=y (accessed 18.03.2022).

2. Paris Agreement on climate change. UN, 2015. Available at: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/climate-action/ (accessed 18.03.2022).

3. The 14th Five-Year Plan of the People’s Republic of China – Fostering High-Quality Development. Asian Development Bank, 2021. Available at: https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/705886/14th-five-year-plan-high-qualitydevelopment-prc.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

4. Achieving Net Zero GHG Emissions by 2050 in Japan, Policies and Measures Update. Ministry of the Environment, Japan. Available at: https://www.mofa.go.jp/files/100153687.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

5. Strategy for the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation with a low level of greenhouse gas emissions until 2050. Government of Russia, 2021. (In Russ.) Available at: http://static.government.ru/media/files/ADKkCzp3fWO32e2yA0BhtIpyzWfHaiUa.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

6. Federal Law No. 296-FZ of 02.07.2021 “On Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions”. (In Russ.) Available at: http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001202107020031 (accessed 18.03.2022).

7. The Global Risk Report 2022. World Economic Forum, Geneva, 2022. Available at: https://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_The_Global_Risks_Report_2022.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

8. The Global Risk Report 2020. World Economic Forum, 15.01.2020. Available at: https://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Global_Risk_Report_2020.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

9. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development. Conference on Environment and Development. UNCED, Rio de Janeiro, 03–14.06.1992. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/riodecl.shtml (accessed 18.03.2022).

10. The Future We Want – Declaration of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 20–22.06.2012. Available at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/733FutureWeWant.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

11. Paris Agreement. United Nations Climate Change Conference near Paris. France, 2015. Available at: https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/english_paris_agreement.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

12. Our Common Future: Report of the International Commission on Environment and Development. Moscow, Progress Publishing House, 1989. 242 p. (In Russ.)

13. Human Development Report 2020. The next frontier: Human development and the Anthropocene. UNDP, New York, 2020. (In Russ.) Available at: https://hdr.undp.org/system/files/documents//hdr2020rupdf.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

14. The Sustainable Development Goals. Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Report of the Secretary-General. UN, 2020. Available at: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2020/The-Sustainable-Development-Goals-Report-2020.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

15. Global Environment Outlook GEO‑6. Healthy Planet, Healthy People. UNEP, 2019. Available at: https://wedocs.unep.org/handle/20.500.11822/27539 (accessed 18.03.2022).

16. The Physical Science Basis. Summary for Policymakers. Climate Change 2021, IPCC. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg1/downloads/report/IPCC_AR6_WGI_SPM_final.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

17. Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. UN, 2015. Available at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/21252030%20Agenda%20for%20Sustainable%20Development%20web.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

18. Report of the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators (E/CN.3/2017/2). Revised list of global Sustainable Development Goal indicators, 2017. 26 . Available at: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/indicators/Official%20Revised%20List%20of%20global%20SDG%20indicators.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

19. Goals of sustainable development in the Russian Federation. Short Stat. Sat. Moscow, Rosstat, 2020. 79 p. (In Russ.)

20. Environmental protection in Russia. Stat. Sat. Moscow, Rosstat, 2020. 113 p. (In Russ.) Available at: https://rosstat.gov.ru/storage/mediabank/nmV0UuE3/Ochrana_2020.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).

21. United Nations Online-Database. Available at: https://www.un.org/en/library/page/databases (accessed 18.03.2022).

22. Global Material Resources Outlook to 2060. Paris, OECD, 2018. 24 p.

23. Human Development Report. Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. New York, UNDP, 2011. 181 p.

24. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. OECD, 2019. Available at: https://stats.oecd.org/ (accessed1 8.03.2022).

25. Goods Exports. 2020. The World Bank. Available at: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/BX.GSR.MRCH.CD (accessed 18.03.2022).

26. Responsible Consumption: New Business Opportunities and Cases of Russian companies. Institute for Emerging Market Studies Skolkovo, Sustainable Business Centre, 2017. (In Russ.) Available at: https://iems.skolkovo.ru/downloads/documents/SKOLKOVO_IEMS/Research_Reports/SKOLKOVO_IEMS_Research_2017-06-08_ru.pdf (accessed 18.03.2022).


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Bobylev S., Solovyeva S., Kiryushin P. The Collapse of the Global Consumption Model: in Search of Sustainability. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2022, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 92-100. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2022-66-11-92-100



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2023, vol. 67, No. 9
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Contradictions and Conflicts in the Multilateral Trading System 
  • Global Climate Agenda: Big Gamble 
  • South Asia in Regional and World Politics 
  • Social Policy and Public Administration Ecosystems
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.