Germany and the European Union After the Epoch of Chancellor Angela Merkel

30
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-9-43-55
V. Vasiliev (vvi 1947@yandex.ru), 
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Received 03.06.2021.

Acknowledgements. The article was prepared within the project “Post-Crisis World Order: Challenges and Technologies, Competition and Cooperation” supported by the grant from Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation program for research projects in priority areas of scientific and technological development (Agreement 075-15-2020-783). 



Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the political legacy of German Chancellor Angela Merkel and in what way the new German government might possibly use it dealing with the transformation of the country and modernization of the European Union. The new political coalition with possible participation of the Green Party will preserve the continuity of the German foreign policy course for strengthening the European Union, deepening the transatlantic partnership, for active cooperation between Berlin and Paris, as well as for inclusion of Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine into the Euro-Atlantic area. The European sovereignty is the main focal point in Berlin. The Conference on the Future of Europe examines it, as well as other evolution issues. The updated legal framework of the EU, feasible strengthening of the European Parliament positions could help transform the European Union into a weighty actor in the polycentric world. Only powerful, relatively sovereign EU is able to secure the “European way of life”. Judgments about the disintegration of the European Union are far from reality. The EU margin of safety and resistance are quite impressive, primarily due to the economic potential of Germany. However, it is really difficult to predict how the European Union will get out of the crisis caused by Covid 19. American concessions to the Germans on the Nord Stream 2 project mean Biden’s serious attitude towards Merkel and Germany – the leader in the EU and one of the important NATO allies. The conditions for Russia’s return to the “European club”, for example, through the revival of M. Gorbachev’s new political thinking in Moscow, indicate rather an illusory desire. There is another, more pragmatic approach. The single European cultural and historical matrix of Greater Europe, communication between the leaders of the Russian Federation, Germany, France and the USA, the economic foundation of contacts, as well as mutual sympathies between Russians, Germans, Europeans give reason to hope for a turn for the better. The chances of a unification agenda remain. Perhaps, it will be used by future generations of politicians, experts of the Russian Federation and the Federal Republic of Germany without preconditions, on the basis of reasonable compromises. 


Keywords

Merkel, Germany, European Union, NATO, European integration, European sovereignty, European army, pandemic, Russia, relations between RF, FRG and the EU, Ukrainian conflict


REFERENCES

  1. Internationale Politik unter Pandemie-Bedingungen. Tendenzen und Perspektiven für 2021. SWP-Studie, 26.12.2020, Berlin. 90 p. Available at: https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/studien/2020S26_Corona_Studie.pdf#page=13 (accessed 22.03.2021).
  2. Wie ein Szenario von 2913 Teile der Corona-Pandemie von heute vorwegnahm. Rbb24, 31.03.2020. Available at: https://www.rbb24.de/politik/thema/2020/coronavirus/beitraege/risikoanalyse-robert-koch-institut-rki-bundestag-schutz-szenario.htm/listall=on/print=true.html (accessed 30.04.2021).
  3. Bericht zur Risikoanalyse im Bevölkerungsschutz 2012. Unterrichtung durch die Bundesregierung. Deutscher Bundestag. Drucksache 17/12051, 03.01.2013. Available at: https://dserver.bundestag.de/btd/17/120/1712051.pdf (accessed 30.03.2021).
  4. Soyka M. Die deutsche Bruchlandung. Cicero, 02.04.2021. Available at: https://www.cicero.de/innenpolitik/deutschland-pandemie-politik-bruchlandung-corona-lockdown-buerger-angela-merkel (accessed 06.04.2021).
  5. Edmunds C. Merkels Fehlereingeständnis. Politische Grösse oder politisches Versagen? Tagesschau, 24.03.2021. Available at: https://www.tagesschau.de/inland/innenpolitik/merkels-fehlereingestaendnis-101.html (accessed 25.03.2021).
  6. Rogowski M. Ideologische Enge und falsch verstandene Modernität. Cicero, 24.03.2021. Available at: https://www.cicero.de/wirtschaft/wahlprogramm-baerbock-habeck-gruene-ideologie (accessed 25.03.2021).
  7. Hillebrand E. Nicht weit vom Stamm. IPG Newsletter, 01.04.2021. Available at: https://www.ipg-journal.de/rubriken/demokratie-und-gesellschaft/artikel/nicht-weit-vom-stamm-5090/ (accessed 07.04.2021).
  8. Deutschland braucht einen Europaplan! EU-in-BRIEF. Ausgabe 03–2020. Europäische Bewegung Deutschland. Available at: https://www.netzwerk-ebd.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/EU-in-BRIEF-03_2020-Deutschland-braucht-einen-Europaplan.pdf  (accessed 30.03.2021).
  9. Vorschuss in der Krise: Vertrauen der Deutschen steigt, globale Infodemie verbreitet aber Misstrauen. Pressemitteilung Deutschland. Edelman Trust Barometer 2021. Available at: https://www.edelman.de/sites/g/files/aatuss401/files/2021-02/Pressemitteilung%20Edelman%20Deutschland_Trust%20Barometer%202021__k.pdf (accessed 24.03.2021).
  10. Die Zukunft Europas. Spezial-Eurobarometer 500 Erste Ergebnisse. 47 p. Available at: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/at-your-service/files/be-heard/eurobarometer/2021/future-of-europe-2021/de-report.pdf (accessed 30.03.2021).
  11. Baucker P., Schulte U. Baerbock wird Kanzlerkandidatin. Sie will. Taz, 19.04.2021. Available at: https://taz.de/Baerbock-wird-Kanzlerkandidatin/!5762149/ (accessed 28.04.2021).
  12. Wir müssen strategisch werden”. IX. Adenauer Konferenz eröffnet mit Grundsatzrede von Armin Laschet. Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. 20. Mai 2021. Available at: https://www.kas.de/de/veranstaltungsberichte/detail/-/content/wir-muessen-strategischer-werden (accessed 21.05.2021).
  13. Parteitags-Handbuch 2021. Landesparteitag der CDU in Niedersachsen am 6. Februar 2021 – digital. CDU. Die Niedersachsen Union. Available at: https://cdu-niedersachsen.de/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/LPT2021_Handbuch_web.pdf (accessed 01.04.2021).
  14. Das Zukunftsprogramm der SPD. Wofür wir stehen. Was uns antreibt. Wonach wir streben. SPD. Soziale Politik für Dich. Available at: https://www.spd.de/fileadmin/Dokumente/Beschluesse/Parteispitze/20210321_Zukunftsprogramm_Leitantrag.pdf (accessed 29.03.2021).
  15. Deutschland. Alles ist drin. Programmentwurf zur Bundestagswahl 2021. Die Grünen. Available at: https://cms.gruene.de/uploads/documents/2021_Wahlprogrammentwurf.pdf (accessed 04.04.2021).
  16. Die Grünen – eine Bestandsaufnahme. Brunswick Review 2020. Available at: https://www.brunswickgroup.com/media/7715/brunswickreview_germangreen_german.pdf (accessed 03.04.2021).
  17. Nie gab es mehr zu tun. Wahlprogramm Der Freien Demokraten. Available at: https://www.fdp.de/sites/default/files/import/2021-04/110463-programmentwurf-nie-gab-es-mehr-zu-tun-2.pdf (accessed 13.05.2021).
  18. Pfeifer H. AfD-Wahlprogramm. Radikal rechte Opposition. Deutsche Welle, 09.04.2021. Available at: https://www.dw.com/de/afd-wahlprogramm-radikal-rechte-opposition/a-57133280 (accessed 03.05.2021).
  19. Die Stiftungstrick der AfD – Die Desiderius-Erasmus-Stiftung ist gefährlich”. Bildungsstätte Anne Frank. 14. Januar 2021. Available at: https://www.bs-anne-frank.de/fileadmin/content/Pressemitteilungen/2021-PMs/PM_2021_Der_Stiftungstrick.pdf (accessed 01.04.2021).
  20. Europäische Souveränität. IPSOS-Studie für die Jean-Jaures-Stiftung und die Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. Available at: http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/id/ipa/17452.pdf (accessed 01.04.2021).
  21. Souveränes Europa. Positionen. Positionspapier der SPD-Bundestagsfraktion, 27.10.2020. Available at: https://www.spdfraktion.de/system/files/documents/fraktionsbeschluss_souveraenes-europa_20201027.pdf (accessed 20.04.2021).
  22. Schindler J. SPD-Papier “Souveränes Europa” ist Ruf nach kriegerischer EU-Aussenpolitik. Die Linke, 27.10.2020. Available at: https://www.die-linke.de/start/presse/detail/spd-papier-souveraenes-europa-ist-ruf-nach-kriegerischer-eu-aussenpolitik/ (accessed 12.04.2021).
  23. Kommer F. Für ein souveränes Europa! Mai 2020. Available at: https://www.boell.de/sites/default/files/2020-05/FNS_4_Europäische%20Souveränität.pdf (accessed 17.04.2021).
  24. Staigis A. Ernstfall Europa – Jetzt. Bundesakademie für Sicherheitspolitik. No. 2, 2020. Available at: https://www.baks.bund.de/sites/baks010/files/arbeitspapier_sicherheitspolitik_2020_2.pdf (accessed 17.05.2021).
  25. Mangasarian L., Techau J. Führungsmacht Deutschland. Strategie ohne Angst und Anmassung. München, dtv Verlagsgesellschaft mbH. & Co. KG, 2017.
  26. Schäuble W. Von der Krise zur Chance. Wir brauchen das vereinte Europa! Essen, Klartext Verlag, 2017.
  27. Bubrowski H., Schuller K. Mit Dialog und Härte. Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. 26.04.2021. Available at: https://www.gruene.de/artikel/mit-dialog-und-haerte (accessed 29.04 2021).
  28. Winkler H.-A. “Er hat einen Blick für die grossen Zusammenhänge. Conrad Lay im Gespräch mit Melanie Langerich. Deutschlandfunk. 31.08.2020. Available at: https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/heinrich-august-winkler-wie-wir-wurden-was-wir-sind-er-hat.1310.de.html?dram:article_id=483057 (accessed 30.04.2021).
  29. Kiesenwetter: Signalisieren, dass Europa Konflikte im eigenen Umfeld lösen kann. Deutscher Bundestag. 05.03.2021. Available at: https://www.bundestag.de/ipc-gasp-gsvp#url=L2Rva3VtZW50ZS90ZXh0YXJjaGl2LzIwMjEva3cwOS1pbnRlcnZpZXcta2llc2V3ZXR0ZXItODI2NTk2&mod=mod456748 (accessed 11.03.2021).
  30. Das transatlantische Band wieder stärken – Für eine zukunftsgerichtete und umfassende Partnerschaft. Positionspapier der CDU/CSU Fraktion im Deutschen Bundestag. Beschluss vom 26. Januar 2021. Available at: https://www.cducsu.de/sites/default/files/2021-01/Positionspapier%20-%20Das%20transatlantische%20Band%20wieder%20stärken_1.pdf (accessed 21.04.2021).
  31. Jetzt Appel unterzeichnen! Nord Stream 2 stoppen! Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. Available at: https://www.gruene.de/aktionen/nord-stream-2-stoppen (accessed 06.04.2021).
  32. Statement von Aussenminister Heiko Maas anlässlich der Online-Konferenz Solidarity with Belarus(Video-Konferenz). 06.02.2021. Available at: https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/de/newsroom/-/2440150 (accessed 09.04.2021).
  33. Europa verstehen, Europa in die Zukunft denken – 40 Jahre Jahrbuch der Europäischen Integration. Institut für Europäische Politik. 11 Mai, 2021. Available at: http://iep-berlin.de/blog/forum/europa-verstehen-europa-in-die-zukunft-denken‑40-jahre-jahrbuch-der-europaeischen-integration/ (accessed 15.05.2021).
  34. Auf zu den Vereinigten Staaten von Europa? Leitbilder für eine zukunftsfähige europäische Wirtschaftspolitik. Bericht zur digitalen Konferenz-Reihe am 18. März, 15. und 19. April 2021. Available at: https://www.fes.de/index.php?eID=dumpFile&t=f&f=63910&token=3d0c7377cead78ea0a05e5d68b2ffa77f6ee7cd8 (accessed 21.04.2021).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Vasil'ev V. Germany and the European Union After the Epoch of Chancellor Angela Merkel. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2021, vol. 65, No 9, pp. 43-55. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-9-43-55



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2022, vol. 66, No. 1

Topical Themes of the Issue:

  • The Chinese Phenomenon of Economic Growth 
  • The Sino-US Conflict in the Light of History of International Relations 
  • The Post-Trump US Policy in Mena Region and the Interests of the Russian Federation
  • Phenomenon of Direct Investments that are not Associated with “Classic” TNCs
View This Issue (2022, vol. 66, No. 1)
Submit an Article
Announcement
Dear Authors!

Please note that in order to ensure stability of work of the editorial office and the possibility of planning the filling of the actual headings of the journal, articles and other materials received by the editorial office after July 1 will most likely be published next year. If you plan to publish your article in the current year the material should be submitted to the editorial office no later than July 1 of the current year.


Dear Authors!

In order to avoid the multiplicity of copyright profiles and to unambiguously identify your works in the international and domestic databases of scientific citation while submitting manuscripts to our journal please specify your ORCID.

Dear Readers!  
Please note that the full-text versions of each issue of the journal are opened on our website after 6 months from the date of publication. Work on deepening the open full-text archive is in progress. As of the end of 2021, all articles and materials published in the journal since January 2008 are freely available.

Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear Readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the IV issue of 2020 and I issue of 2021 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eсonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial