Change of Political Elites in Georgia and Patrimonialism

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DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-7-116-125
V. Mukhanov (vadim_muhanov@inbox.ru), 
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Received 25.07.2020.

Abstract. The article examines the process of formation of the political elite in Georgia during the period of independence, starting from the cardinal de-Sovietization of management personnel in the 90s, and ending with the last significant appointments in the era of B. Ivanishvili. The stages of evolution and transformation of the elite are analyzed in detail – under E. Shevardnadze, M. Saakashvili, and B. Ivanishvili, the peculiarities of the personnel policy of this or that Georgian leader are highlighted. Both the very course of the change and rejuvenation of the elite and the change in its educational background and political guidelines are traced. The article shows that despite all these changes the nature of government in Georgia has not been changed. The political regime in Georgia is still a kind of patronage rule. The author examines its characteristic features, analyzes the reasons for survivability of such a form despite repeated changes and political parties in power. 

Keywords: Georgia, elite, Russia, Shevardnadze, Saakashvili, Ivanishvili, patrimonialism


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For citation:
Mukhanov V. Change of Political Elites in Georgia and Patrimonialism. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, No 7, pp. 116-125. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-7-116-125



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