Prospects and Challenges to International Economic and Power Production Cooperation after the Covid-19 Pandemic

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-3-5-10
A. Dynkin (,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23 Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation;
E. Telegina (,
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 65, Leninskii Prosp., 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation;
G. Khalova (,
Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 65, Leninskii Prosp., 119991, Moscow, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article examines the trends that hinder the development of international energy and economic cooperation in 2018–2020. These trends have been particularly exacerbated by the COVID‑19 pandemic and the resulting global economic and energy crisis. Falling demand for oil has affected the decline in world commodity prices. Competition between oil exporters has intensified amid falling demand. As a result, international energy cooperation mechanisms in the energy sector have come under serious pressure. The dynamics of relations between the world’s largest economic centers: China, the United States, the European Union, and the Eurasian space have become another aspect of the aggravation of imbalances and confrontational trends in the global economy. The strengthening of trade contradictions between the United States and China in 2018–2019 negatively affected global economic growth and the dynamics of major manufacturing indices. In turn, the events of 2020 clearly confirmed that the contradictions between China and the United States are of a deep structural nature. These contradictions exacerbate the polarization of the global economic system and cannot be overcome by concessions and agreements exclusively in the field of investment and trade. Against this background, the real effectiveness of measures taken in the EU to deal with the economic consequences of both the pandemic and Brexit is questionable, and can only be reliably assessed after a sufficiently long time. The authors show that in contrast to the situation in the EU, the EAEU has tendencies to further strengthen economic, political and energy cooperation. Despite the COVID‑19 pandemic, the global economic crisis and external challenges, the Eurasian Economic Union not only stands up to them, but also continues to actively work to unite the Union’s countries, as well as improve their energy and economic security. The authors offer their vision of further development of international economic and energy cooperation in the post-pandemic period, taking into account the positive trends in the development of the Eurasian space.

Keywords: world economy, world economic crisis, international economic cooperation, international economic relations, USA, China, EU, Russia, EAEU, COVID‑19


  1. Statistical Review of World Energy 2020. BP, 2020. Available at: (accessed 25.08.2020).
  2. Baklanov A. OPEK++. Luchshe imet’ partnerov, a ne vragov [OPEC++. Better to have partners than enemies]. Rossiya v global’noi politike, 03.04.2020. Available at: (accessed 01.11.2020).
  3. The Common EU Response to COVID‑19. European Union, 2020. Available at: coronavirus-response_en (accessed 02.05.2020).
  4. A Quick Guide to the US-China Trade War. BBC, 2020. Available at: (accessed 21.09.2020).
  5. Market Futures. Bloomberg, 2020. Available at: (accessed 31.08.2020).
  6. US and China Sign Deal to Ease Trade War. BBC, 2020. Available at: (accessed 15.03.2020).
  7. Huang Y. The U.S. and China Could Cooperate to Defeat the Pandemic. Foreign Affairs, 24.03.2020. Available at: (accessed 24.04.2020).
  8. Skosyrev V. Pekin obvinil Vashington v rasprostranenii dezinformatsii [Beijing accused Washington of spreading disinformation]. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 29.04.2020. Available at: (accessed 29.05.2020).
  9. EAES rasshiril geografiyu mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva [The EAEU expanded the geography of international cooperation]. Evraziiskaya ekonomicheskaya komissiya, 29.04.2020. Available at: (accessed 30.04.2020).
  10. Krivosheev K. Uzbekistan podbiraetsya k EAES [Uzbekistan is getting closer to the EAEU]. Kommersant, 29.04.2020. Available at: (accessed 31.08.2020).
  11. Order no. 6 “On measures taken within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union to ensure economic stability in the context of the development of the COVID‑19 coronavirus infection pandemic” (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 20.04.2020).
  12. Dynkin A.A. Mezhdunarodnaya turbulentnost’ i Rossiya [International turbulence and Russia]. Vestnik RAN, 2020, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 208-219.
  13. Nash J. Equilibrium Points in N-persons Games. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1950, vol. 36, p. 48-49.

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Dynkin A., Telegina E., Khalova G. Prospects and Challenges to International Economic and Power Production Cooperation after the Covid-19 Pandemic. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, No 3, pp. 5-10.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Current Issue
2022, vol. 66, No. 11
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Developing Countries in the New Equation of the Post-Crisis World Order 
  • U.S. Public Diplomacy as a Tool for “Political Warfare” 
  • Central Europe: Possible Scenarios
  • The Collapse of the Global Consumption Model: in Search of Sustainability
  • Future Wars in Light of the Past Experience
Submit an Article

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.