Social and Economic Problems of EC Countries in the Initial Pandemic Period

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-3-52-59
Nizhnii Novgorod State Technical University, 24 Minin, Nizhnii Novgorod, 603950, Russian Federation;
A. Petrovskii (, 
Dzerzhinskii branch of the Nizhnii Novgorod State Technical University, 49 Gaidar, Dzerzhinsk, Nizhnii Novgorod region, 606026, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article is devoted to the analysis of key social and economic problems in the EU countries during the initial period of the pandemic. Forced isolation amid the spread of the coronavirus contributed to the growth of domestic violence, manifestations of racism and xenophobia in the EU. Social discrimination manifested itself in the restriction of access to goods and services for people with Asian appearance. A negative factor was the statements of certain right-wing politicians, as well as a number of media outlets. The member states of the European Union sought to carry out proactive communication with the population of their countries, convincing the latter to use exclusively official information about the situation with the COVID-19 virus and taking steps to ensure the widespread presence of the opinion of the governance in the media and on the Internet. Due to the extraordinary circumstances, EU member states have resumed controls at their internal borders in an effort to ensure the safety of their citizens. Despite assurances from the European Commission that the restrictions would not affect the interests of the EU population and third-country nationals, in March 2020, tangible obstacles arose in the way of realizing the fundamental right to free movement. The first steps were taken to support the sectors of the economy and the employment market in the initial phase of the pandemic. Particular attention was paid to the state of affairs in the most vulnerable service sector. The employment market experienced serious shocks, which was reflected in the growth of unemployment in the EU countries. The measures taken by the authorities of the member states, in general, met the interests of workers, but encountered difficulties in the course of implementation. 

Keywords: European Union, pandemic, restrictions, social discrimination, racism, employment market, free movement, economy


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For citation:
Egorov A., Petrovskiy A. Social and Economic Problems of EC Countries in the Initial Pandemic Period. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 52-59.

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