Pandemic Testing of the Sustainability of Emerging Trends in Higher Education

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-2-125-133
E. Antyukhova (,
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University), 76, Prosp. Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119454, Russian Federation;
P. Kasatkin (,
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University), 76, Prosp. Vernadskogo, Moscow, 119454, Russian Federation

Acknowledgements. The reported study was funded by RFBR according to the research project 20-04-60109.

Abstract. The article is devoted to objectifying the consequences of the emergency transition to distance education in universities and the global decline in academic mobility during the 2020 pandemic through the prism of active implementation of the methodology of success and excellence in education. The author highlighted the current trends in education by the beginning of the second decade of the 21st century: increasing inequality in the education system; the predominance of the idea and methodology of success and excellence; a stable division into global and regional; the replacement of the model of internalization of values with the model of knowledge generation; refusal of targeted state subsidies in favor of self-financing; precarization of the middle teaching class; demonstration of the superiority of digital solutions in the translation of knowledge; creation of outsourcing chains of interaction in the educational sphere (research centers – universities, universities – commercial publishing houses, schools – career guidance centers, universities – online plaftorms, etc.). The article analyzes the aspects of changes in the modern model of higher education, taking into account the desire to position universities in the world educational rankings. The basis for a discussion of the choice of development priorities has been formed, taking into account the growing dissatisfaction of teachers with the need to match the model of success and excellence in their educational and scientific activities. It was found that pre-pandemic trends in education were multidirectional, and their impact on education systems and learning models (global or regional) was more stimulating for development, rather than mandatory for survival. The crisis has divided the manifestations of the new into two components: necessary renewal and sufficient improvement to ensure stability. It is noted that education is characterized by a fairly conservative approach to the organization of the educational process, so the extreme transition to distance learning during the pandemic actually replaced the evolutionary period of transformation of education, which would have lasted for more than one decade. Academic mobility, which has become widespread in the world, but which was forced to temporarily stop its activity during the pandemic, in the new conditions can continue to contribute to improving the ranking of universities, but can also carry threats of precarization to their working teachers and become a source of social tension, which should be taken into account when developing university development programs in the context of universal digitalization. Conclusions are drawn about trends have been tested by the pandemic reality, which will determine the vector of future development of higher education.

Keywords: education, methods of success and excellence, educational ratings, precarization, internalization of values, digitalization, online learning, mobility


  1. Huang R., Tlili A., Chang T. et al. Disrupted lasses, Undisrupted Learning During COVID‑19 Outbreak in China: Application of Open Educational Practices and Resources. Smart Learning Environments, 2020, vol. 7, article no. 19. DOI: Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  2. Xiao Y., Fan Z. 10 Technology Trends to Watch in the COVID19 Pandemic. The World Economic Forum COVID Action Platform. Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  3. Ghosh I. Chart: Which Universities Have the Richest Graduates? Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  4. Lu M. The Impact of International Students on the U.S. Economy. Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  5. Coco G., Lagravinese R., Resce G. Beyond the Weights: a Multicriteria Approach to Evaluate Inequality in Education. The Journal of Economic Inequality, 2020, no. 18, pp. 469-489. DOI: Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  6. COVID19 and Human Development: Assessing the Crisis, Envisioning the Recovery. United Nations Development Programme – Human Development Reports. Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  7. Hogan A., Thompson G. Commercialization in Education. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. December, 2017. DOI: Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  8. Selingo J. The Third Education Revolution. March 22, 2018. Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  9. Anikina E.A., Ivankina L.I., Silifonova E.V. Problemy i perspektivy dostupnosti vysshego obrazovaniya v usloviyah sovremennyh preobrazovanii v Rossii [Problems and Prospects of Accessibility of Higher Education in the Conditions of Modern Transformations in Russia]. Tomsk, STT Publishing, 2016. 162 p.
  10. Osipova N.G. Rol’ klassicheskogo universiteta v vosproizvodstve elity obshchestva [The Role of Classical University in the Reproduction of Society’s Elite]. Bulletin of the Moscow University. Series 18. Sociology and Political Science, 2017, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 9-31.
  11. Itskovich G. Model’ troinoi spirali [Model of the Triple Helix]. Innovacii, 2011, no. 4 (150), pp. 5-10.
  12. Lytras M.D., Daniela L., Visvizi A. Enhancing Knowledge Discovery and Innovation in the Digital Era. Hershey, IGI Global, 2018. 363 p. DOI:
  13. Stending G. Prekariat: novyi opasnyi klass [Precariat: a New Dangerous Class]. Moscow, Ad Marginem Press, 2014. 400 p.
  14. Busygina I.M. Prekariat: novyi vyzov dlya sovremennykh obshchestv i ego kontseptualizatsiya (Razmyshleniya nad knigoi G. Stendinga) [Precariat: a New Challenge for Modern Societies and its Conceptualization (Reflections on the Book by G. Standing)]. Obshchestvennye nauki i sovremennost’, 2016, no. 3, pp. 34-47.
  15. Márquez-Ramos L., Mourelle E. Selecting a Suitable Approach to Analyze the Future of Higher Education. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2016, vol. 228, pp. 86-91. DOI:
  16. Lynch K. Control by Numbers: New Managerialism and Ranking in Higher Education. Critical Studies in Education, 2015, vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 190-207.
  17. Kasatkin P.I., Koval’chuk Yu.A., Stepnov I.M. Rol’ sovremennykh universitetov v formirovanii tsifrovoi povyshatel’noi volny dlinnykh tsiklov Kondrat’eva [The Modern Universities Role in the Formation of the Digital Wave of Kondratiev’s Long Cycles]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2019, no. 12, pp. 123-140. DOI:
  18. Ivancheva M. Prekarizatsiya, tsifrovizatsiya i autsorsing. Tendentsii razvitiya truda v sovremennoi akademii i prizyv k profsoyuzam [Precarization, Digitalization and Outsourcing. Trends in the Development of Labor in the Modern Academy and the Call to Trade Unions]. 20.04.2020. Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  19. Ivancheva M. Precarización y digitalización en el trabajo academic o por qué deberían los sindicatos llamar a la huelga. Libre Pensamiento, 2020, no. 101, pp. 19-27. Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).
  20. Swartz R., Ivancheva ., Czerniewicz L., Morris N.P. Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Dilemmas Regarding the Purpose of Public Universities in South Africa. Higher Education, 2019, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 567-583. DOI: Available at: (accessed 09.07.2020).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Antyukhova E., Kasatkin P. Pandemic Testing of the Sustainability of Emerging Trends in Higher Education. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 125-133.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.