Green Bonds: New Trends in the Global Market and Opportunities for Russian Economy

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-2-62-70
E. Kiseleva (, 
Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, 29, Politechnicheskaya Str., 195251, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation

Abstract. Environmental finance has a reputation for delivering market-leading content based on honest and unbiased reporting, cutting-edge research and profound attention to detail. All of the above have placed it at the top of the rapidly growing green bond market. The paper argues that the green label earned with the usage of technologies that prevent environmental pollution or contribute to the stabilization of the environmental situation makes it much easier to obtain external financing on global market. The analysis of the global green bond market dynamics has revealed that almost 70% of the total amount of green bonds were issued in between 2017 and 2019. Based on the data systematization of various open sources the new trends in the global green bond market were identified. The primary trends among them include the growth in the number of smaller deals, the use of mixed funding, the extension of the labelled bonds in the market and the new climate bonds Taxonomy. The conducted analysis of green bonds issues in Russia has shown that the first issue took place in May 2019, although several major Russian companies have been making statements about their intentions to issue green bonds since 2015. The paper states the reasons for the «green» potential reduction as well as for Russia’s low involvement in the global green market. Those reasons mainly are products of immature legislative framework – poor development of regulation and legislation – and lack of its own green bond standards along with the required transparency, accuracy and integrity of disclosed information on issues to stakeholders. The creation of a sustainable development sector on Moscow stock exchange in 2019 provides to increase the issue of green bonds. Having analyzed the stated above the paper proves that the establishing of a unified green investment center linked to the Bank of Russia, as well as increasing transparency and openness of business, not only ensures the increase of green bonds issue in Russia but also contributes to overall environmental stability. 

Keywords: green bonds, environmental finance, emerging markets, trends, Russian stock market


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For citation:
Kiseleva E. Green Bonds: New Trends in the Global Market and Opportunities for Russian Economy. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 62-70.

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