Environmental Dimesion of the COVID-19 Pandemic: New Chance for Green Economy

57
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-12-128-140
T. Rovinskaya, mirtania@gmail.com
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 12.04.2021.

Abstract. The article investigates the changes in environment that occurred in response to economic processes during the COVID‑19 pandemic (2019–2021), and related transformation of socio-political attitudes towards Green Policy and Green Economy. From the environmentalistic point of view, the pandemic played a twofold role. On the one part, it allowed the nature to “take a break” from an excessive anthropogenic pressure on the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and once again mobilized the humanity to reconsider the principles of interaction with the environment. On the other part, different types of pollution (daily and medical waste, plastic) increased dramatically; funding of international and national environmental programs was cut due to the economic recession worldwide. Nevertheless, the multidimensional crisis caused by the pandemic gave a new chance to the Green Economy. The most influential states of the world (the EU countries, USA, China and Russia) actively implement the Green Economy instruments at the state level. This process incorporates all economy sectors: finances, energy, industry, transport, agriculture and other. The European Union which had taken this path before the pandemic started is in an advanced position. At the same time, the foundations of the future environment-oriented economic policy are already enshrined in official documents (strategies, action plans, legislative acts, etc.) adopted by the leading nations thus far. Noteworthy is that the COVID‑19 crisis has updated the green political and economic agenda globally, regardless of differences between the states, which verifies the importance and necessity of agreeing a conceptually new approach to interaction with the environment in the short and long term.

Keywords: COVID‑19 pandemic, greenhouse gases, climate, plastic pollution, Green Economy, clean energy, European Green Deal, USA, China, Russia


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Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Rovinskaya T. Environmental Dimesion of the COVID-19 Pandemic: New Chance for Green Economy. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, No 12, pp. 128-140. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-12-128-140



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