Russia in the Plans and Programs of PRC Border Regions

126
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-12-5-14
Institute of History, Archaeology and Ethnography of the Peoples of the Far East, Far-Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, 89, Pushkinskaya Str., Vladivostok, 690950, Russian Federation.

Received 09.08.2021.

Acknowledgements. The reported study was funded by RFBR and ASS, project number 20-514-93004.


Abstract. The article analyzes how the authorities of bordering Russia PRC’s regions intend to exploit Russian economic potential in order to further develop their territories. Based on the study of the Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region’s 14th five-year plans of socio-economic development, other official documents, as well as the results of last decade Russia-China cross-border interactions, the author comes to conclusion that for the last decades these territories’ authorities did not change previously formed approaches to Russia. He identifies traditions, variations and innovations in the policies of each region and pays special attention to the cities of Suifenhe and Heihe, which are the most interested in cooperation with their northern neighbor. The author argues that relations with Russia are of fundamental importance for Heilongjiang province only, while the other two regions look at it only as an additional mechanism to solve energy and communication problems. Besides, their interest goes far beyond the border regions of Russia, the Far Eastern and even Siberian federal districts and is aimed at the entire territory of Russia. The analyzed documents contain a number of innovations like the expansion of scientific and technological, cooperation, financial and digital interaction with Russia, but they are predominantly declarative in nature. The main focus is made on expanding imports of Russian energy resources and raw materials, creating a network of processing industries in Northern part of China, increasing exports of local industrial and agricultural products and services to Russia, making cross-border transport corridors more efficient, and creating various “special areas of interaction”. Analysis shows that China’s acquisition of the status of a global power and its entry into the “new era” of socialism building only slightly corrected the views of Beijing and border territories on Russian economic potential as a source of China development.

Keywords: China, Russia, the Far East, cross-border ties, development plans and programs


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For citation:
Larin V. Russia in the Plans and Programs of PRC Border Regions. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 5-14. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-12-5-14



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