The U.S. Missile Defese Policy Perspectives during the J. Biden Administration

78
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-11-15-23
O. rivolapov, o.krivolapov@iskran.ru
Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (ISKRAN), 2/3, Khlebnyi Per., Moscow, 121069, Russian Federation

Received 07.06.2021.

Abstract. The article provides an analysis of the state of affairs in the field of the U.S. missile defense, inherited by the Biden administration from the previous administration. The U. S. missile defense policy can be roughly divided into three components: homeland missile defense, regional missile defense, and advanced developments related to these both parts. Conclusions are made about the prospects of missile defense policy, taking into account such factors as the views of experts from think tanks close to the Democratic Party, funding of programs, and measures taken in the field of missile defense. The development of the homeland missile defense systems faces technological challenges which create uncertainty about the whole architecture. Regional missile defense systems are going to be platforms for development of systems to intercept intercontinental ballistic missiles and hypersonic weapons. The National Space Defense Architecture is planned to include layers which are supposed to be part of homeland and regional defenses. The main obstacles to these programs are the position of Democratic members of the U. S. Congress, an urgent need for funds for recovery of the national economy after the COVID‑19 pandemic, and other defense policy priorities (e. g., nuclear modernization). In connection with these findings, the author presents an overview of options of a missile defense deal between Russia and the United States as part of the arms control regime. Although every option has its disadvantages and potential obstacles, a bilateral executive agreement on transparency in missile defense seems to be the most feasible option.

Keywords: homeland missile defense, regional missile defense, missile defense funding, hypersonic defense, spacebased sensors, left-of-launch, transparency measures


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Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
rivolapov O. The U.S. Missile Defese Policy Perspectives during the J. Biden Administration. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 15-23. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-11-15-23



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