Bioinformation Technologies in the Medical Field: Achievements and Challenges

26
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-11-60-68
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation.

Received 21.06.2021.

Abstract. Global health systems are under extreme strain to cope with the consequences of the pandemic that broke out in 2020. The need to find new approaches to the development of the medical industry forms and significantly expands the problem field of research in this area. This study examines the new opportunities that a new technological revolution opens up, which simultaneously affected all areas of modern medicine. The changes affected diagnostics and treatment, new scientific directions appeared, and the industry itself turned into a rapidly developing industry that attracts new players in the market of medical services. Consistently considering the emerging trends in the world, the author comes to the conclusion: with a successful combination of the interests of all participants in the process of transformation that has begun, a completely new model of medical care will appear in the world. The breakthrough is expected both at the clinical level and at the organizational level, which is associated with the active penetration of telemedicine technologies based on AI into the public health system. However, a prerequisite for the introduction of a new hybrid model, which provides for a combination of clinical and virtual methods of treatment, remains the need to comply with the fundamental principles: accessibility, quality and safety. To achieve these goals, it is necessary to link bioinformatics, medical and telecommunications technologies and direct them in the necessary direction, which requires the theoretical understanding of various practical experiences and new global trends in the organization of management of modern health systems.

Keywords: bioinformation technologies, public health, virtual health care, digital medicine


REFERENCES

1. Pifer R. 3 big predictions for digital health in 2021. January 29, 2021. Available at: https://www.healthcaredive.com/news/3-big-predictions-for-digital-health-in-2021/593691/ (accessed 26.02.2021).

2. Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning (AI/ML)-Based Software as a Medical Device (SaMD) Action Plan. January 2021. 8 p. Available at: https://www.fda.gov/media/145022/download (accessed 25.03.2021).

3. “The list of instructions following the conference on artificial intelligence” (approved by the President of the Russian Federation on 31.12.2020 No. Pr2242). (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=LAW&n=373298#utm_campaign=med&utm_source=consultant&utm_medium=email&utm_content=old (accessed 02.03.2021).

4. Inspired by the number: how the ICCA system makes the work of emergency department employees easier. Vademecum, 01.02.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: https://vademec.ru/news/2021/01/29/okrylennye-tsifroy-kak-sistema-icca-oblegchaet-rabotu-sotrudnikov-reanimatsionnykh-otdeleniy/ (accessed 02.03.2021).

5. Medical startup OneCell has developed an AI platform for tumor diagnostics for $6 million. Vademecum, 12.02.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: https://vademec.ru/news/2021/02/12/meditsinskiy-startap-onecell-razrabotal-za-6-mln-platformu-s-ii-dlya-diagnostiki-opukholey/ (accessed 02.03.2021).

6. Pifer R. CMS makes some telehealth coverage permanent, finalizes specialty rate cuts. December 2, 2020. Available at: https://www.healthcaredive.com/news/cms-makes-some-telehealth-coverage-permanent-finalizes-specialty-rate-cuts/591431/ (accessed 25.01.2021).

7. Lebedeva L.F. Approaches to economic and social security during the presidency of D. Trump. USA & Canada: Economics, Politics, Culture, 2019, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 29-42. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.31857/S268667300008239-2

8. Nikitina M. Tula and Tambov regions became leaders in the rating of digitalization of healthcare. Vademecum, 18.02.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: https://vademec.ru/news/2021/02/18/tulskaya-i-tambovskaya-oblasti-stali-liderami-reytinga-tsifrovizatsii-zdravookhraneniya/ (accessed 25.01.2021).

9. Zipp R. New iRhythm CEO on national pricing setback, Medtronic market expansion lessons. January 28, 2021. Available at: https://www.medtechdive.com/news/irhythm-ceo-looks-to-build-on-irhythms-success/594031/ (accessed 25.02.2021).

10. Medical Mutual Combines A.I. Digital Health Coaching from Lark with Live Care Management Support to Boost Population Health Benefits. February 10, 2021. Available at: https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/medical-mutual-combines-ai-digital-health-coaching-from-lark-with-live-care-management-support-to-boost-population-health-benefits-301225474.html (accessed 12.02.2021).

11. Medicare Program; Medicare Coverage of Innovative Technology (MCIT) and Definition of “Reasonable and Necessary”. 14.01.2021. 76 p. Available at: https://public-inspection.federalregister.gov/2021-00707.pdf (accessed 25.03.2021).

12. Pifer R. Forging trust in AI, sustaining the virtual care boom and other CES takeaways. Forging trust in AI, sustaining the virtual care boom and other CES takeaways. 19.01.2021. Available at: https://www.healthcaredive.com/news/forging-trust-in-aisustaining-the-virtual-care-boom-and-other-ces-takeawa/593344/ (accessed 25.01.2021).

13. Pifer R. Healthcare funding shatters records in 2020, helped by COVID19. 20.01.2021. Available at: https://www.healthcaredive.com/news/healthcare-funding-shatters-records-in-2020-helped-by-covid-19/593670/ (accessed 25.01.2021).

14. Shinkman R. COVID19 leads to explosion in cyberattacks, data breaches. February 10, 2021. Available at: https://www.healthcaredive.com/news/covid-19-leads-to-explosion-in-cyberattacks-data-breaches/594911/ (accessed 25.02.2021).

15. Schwarts S. FBI, DHS warn of hospital cyberattacks as Ryuk ransomware wakes from hibernation. October 29, 2020. Available at: https://www.healthcaredive.com/news/Ryuk-FBI-DHS-ransomware-healthcare/588019/ (accessed 25.01.2021).

16. Kaspersky named three trends in cybercrime. Business newspaper “Vzglyad”, 07.12.2020. (In Russ.) Available at: https://news.rambler.ru/tech/45384660/?utm_content=news_media&utm_medium=read_more&utm_source=copylink (accessed 25.12.2020).

17. Sautkina V.A. Telemedical technologies in the USA: social determinants of development. USA & Canada: Economy, Politics, Culture, 2021, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 96-113. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.31857/S268667300014341-5

18. Shinkman R. Mayo, Epic and Cerner teaming to create digital COVID19 vaccine passport. January 15, 2021. Available at: https://www.healthcaredive.com/news/mayo-epic-and-cerner-teaming-[]to-create-digital-covid-19-vaccine-passport/593457/ (accessed 03.05.2021).

19. Drees J. Wyoming health system accidentally emails personal health info of 900 patients. February 16, 2021. Available at: https://www.beckershospitalreview.com/cybersecurity/wyoming-health-system-accidentally-emails-personal-health-info-of-900-patients.html (accessed 08.04.2021).

20. Sautkina V.A. Innovative medicine and public health: at the crossroads of progress. Bulletin of the VSU. Series Economics and Management, 2019, no. 4. pp. 56-61. (In Russ.) Available at: https://journals.vsu.ru/econ/article/view/2478/2494 (accessed 08.04.2021).

21. Global strategy for human resources for health: workforce 2030. Draft presented to the 138th session of the WHO Executive Board. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.who.int/hrh/resources/pub_globstrathrh-2030/ru/ (accessed 08.04.2021).

22. Tsapenko I.P., Sautkina V.A. Cross-border health mobility. Man. Community. Control, 2017, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 6-24. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319753342_TRANSGRANICNAA_MOBILNOST_V_SFERE_ZDRAVOOHRANENIA (accessed 08.04.2021).

23. Economic, demographic, and epidemiological transitions and the future of health labour markets. Global Health Workforce Alliance – Working Group, no. 1, 28.02.2014. 17 p. Available at: https://www.who.int/workforcealliance/media/news/2014/WG1_SynthesisSept282014.pdf (accessed 08.04.2021).

24. Sechenov University will teach digital technologies in healthcare. 18.10.2018. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.comnews.ru/digital-economy/content/115402/2018-10-18/sechenovskiy-universitet-nauchit-cifrovym-tehnologiyam-v-zdravoohranenii (accessed 08.04.2021).

25. In Russian hospitals, the shortage of medical physicists is more than 50%. TASS, 28.01.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: https://tass.ru/nacionalnye-proekty/10566157 (accessed 08.04.2021).

26. The Association of Oncological Dispensaries of Siberia and the Far East has opened fundraising for the training of oncologists. Vademecum, 01.03.2021. (In Russ.) Available at: https://vademec.ru/news/2021/03/01/assotsiatsiya-onkodispanserov-sibiri-i-dalnego-vostoka-otkryla-sbor-sredstv-na-obuchenie-onkologov/ (accessed 08.04.2021).

27. A research center for nuclear medicine will be created in Tomsk. The official Internet portal of the Tomsk Region Administration, 12.05.2020. (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.tomsk.gov.ru/news/front/view/id/56128 (accessed 30.10.2021).

28. SamSMU will teach the specialty “medical cybernetics”. Vademecum, 09.25.2020. (In Russ.) Available at: https://vademec.ru/news/2020/09/25/v-samgmu-budut-obuchat-spetsialnosti-meditsinskaya-kibernetika/ (accessed 08.04.2021).

29. Educational programs of the international cluster will be available not only to “stars”, but to young talented doctors and nurses. MMK partner material. Vademecum, 28.12.2020. (In Russ.) Available at: https://vademec.ru/news/2020/12/26/obrazovatelnye-programmy-mezhdunarodnogo-medklastera-budut-dostupny-ne-tolko-zvezdam-no-i-molodym-ta/ (accessed 08.04.2021).


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Sautkina V. Bioinformation Technologies in the Medical Field: Achievements and Challenges. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2021, vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 60-68. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2021-65-11-60-68



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.