Abstract. Apparently, the war in Syria is coming to an end. The reincarnation project of the classical caliphate under the banner of the “Islamic State” has failed completely. The internal political opposition which rebelled against the ruling regime in the midst of the so-called “Arab Spring” agreed with the idea that there was simply no alternative figure capable of replacing B. Assad. The international sponsors of the Syrian opposition have also changed their attitude towards official Damascus and do not intend to spend further billions of dollars on operations to remove the Syrian leader. This article is an attempt to find answers to more urgent and topical issues for Syria that arise now: where to find great sums of money to restore the destroyed social and economic infrastructure of the country? How to solve the urgent problem of millions of Syrian refugees and temporarily displaced persons? What reforms are needed to avoid new bloodshed and recurrence of the events of the recent past? The author analyzes geopolitical and socio-economic consequences of the unfinished war. Particular attention is paid to the problems of Syrian refugees in other countries and internally displaced persons in Syria itself. The article emphasizes that the task of the reconstruction of Syria is complicated by the fact that this country has not yet been able to restore its territorial integrity and security in some areas. In addition, the recovery process is hampered as a result of the existing economic and financial sanctions imposed on Syria by the European Union, USA, Canada, Australia, Turkey, and the UN.
Keywords: Syria, Middle East, “Arab Spring”, civil war in Syria, Syrian opposition, refugees, temporarily displaced persons, Islamic radicalism, ISIL, problems of the restoration of Syria
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