Global Landscape of Neuroscience and Place of Russia

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-9-37-47
I. Dezhina (,
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 30, str. 1, Bol’shoy Bul’var, Innovation Center “Skolkovo”, Moscow, 121205, Russian Federation.
T. Nafikova (,
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, 30, str. 1, Bol’shoy Bul’var, Innovation Center “Skolkovo”, Moscow, 121205, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article analyzes world publication activity in neurosciences and public policies of the leading countries in this field, – the United States, EU and China, and compares them with Russia. The study is focused on three aspects – the current state and dynamics of publication activity and citations; the relation of neuroscience to other fields of knowledge and the logic of development of neuroscience subject areas; development of neuroscience in leading countries and the influence of state priorities on the evolution of the discipline. The relevance of the research is justified by the severity of neurological and mental diseases, as well as the role of neuroscience and neurotechnology in restoring and expanding brain resources. The study methodology is based on bibliometric analysis using analytical instrument SciVal, which aggregates publication data from Scopus. It is revealed that globally neurosciences demonstrate higher growth rate and field weighted citation index than global publication corpus. As far as overlapping with other scientific fields is concerned, biomedical disciplines prevail, but the role of computer sciences is gradually increasing. Another important aspect is the growing importance of more specific research subjects, i.e. a process of specialization, which is characteristic of many developing sciences. The USA and EU each account for about 38% of the total number of publications on neurosciences for 2000–2018, and China is progressively gaining bigger share due to high growth rate. Russia is lagging behind with only 0.8% of the total number of publications. Moreover, USA, EU and China have a fairly distinguished specialization in research subjects which correlate with their policy priorities. It is shown that Russian state policy is more focused on the development of neurotechnology, rather than neurosciences, thus aggravating underdevelopment of the latter. Introduction of a large state program supporting neurosciences similar to the initiatives of the leading countries is recommended.

Keywords: neuroscience, publication activity, citation, public policy, international experience, Russia, USA, EU, China


1. Global Burden of Disease Study, GBD Results Tool. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Available at: (accessed 15.06.2020).

2. Message from the President of the Russian Federation to the Federal Assembly dated 03.12.2015 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 15.06.2020).

3. A regular meeting of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences was held on April 16, 2019 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 15.06.2020).

4. The Creation of Neuroscience. The Society for Neuroscience and the Quest for Disciplinary Unity 1969–1995. Society for Neuroscience. Available at: (accessed 15.06.2020).

5. Fuchs E., Flugge G. Adult Neuroplasticity: More than 40 Years of Research. Neural Plasticity, 2014, pp. 1-10.

6. Web of Science – Clarivate Analytics. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

7. Scopus Preview – Welcome to Scopus. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

8. What Are Some Different Areas of Neuroscience? NIH. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

9. Chen N., Ren W. Researches of Cognitive Neuroscience Based on Bibliometric Analysis. Advances in Psychology, 2019, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 313-326.

10. Dong R. et al. Publication Trends for Alzheimer’s Disease Worldwide and in China: a 30-Year Bibliometric Analysis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 13, no. 259, pp. 1-13.

11. Kocak M. et al. Mapping and Clustering Analysis on Neuroscience Literature in Turkey: a Bibliometric Analysis from 2000 to 2017. Scientometrics, 2019, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 1339-1366.

12. Hoppen N.H.F., de Souza Vanz S.A. Neurosciences in Brazil: a Bibliometric Study of Main Characteristics, Collaboration and Citations. Scientometrics, 2016, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 121-141.

13. Buchan A.M.J. et al. Global Neuroscience and Mental Health Research: a Bibliometrics Case Study. Scientometrics, 2016, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 515-531.

14. Kenkel W. Corpus Colossal: a Bibliometric Analysis of Neuroscience Abstracts and Impact Factor. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 2019, vol. 13, no. 18, pp. 1-10.

15. Brain Science: Mapping the Landscape of Brain and Neuroscience Research. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

16. Yeung A.W.K., Goto T.K., Leung W.K. The Changing Landscape of Neuroscience Research, 2006–2015: a Bibliometric Study. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2017, vol. 11, no. 120, pp. 1-10.

17. Anonymous Mental Health. Public Health – European Commission. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

18. Newsletter on the sustainable development goals: health challenges. Mental health (In Russ.)] Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

19. Poo M. et al. China Brain Project: Basic Neuroscience, Brain Diseases, and Brain-Inspired Computing. Neuron, 2016, no. 3 (92), pp. 591-596.

20. NIH Announces Six Funding Opportunities for the BRAIN Initiative in Fiscal 2014. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

21. The BRAIN Initiative. Cleared Initiatives. Available at: (accessed 20.03.2020).

22. Estimates of Funding for Various Research, Condition, and Disease Categories (RCDC). Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

23. Obama Administration Proposes over $300 Million in Funding for The BRAIN Initiative. White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

24. The 2015 Budget: Science, Technology, and Innovation for Opportunity and Growth. White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

25. Obama Administration Proposes Over $434 Million in Funding for the BRAIN Initiative. White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

26. The European Decade of Brain Research. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews, 1993, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 4-9.

27. ERA-NET Neuron European Neuroscience Research. Available at: (accessed 15.06.2020).

28. How the Digital Revolution Is Transforming EU-Funded Brain Research. European Commission. Available at: (accessed 15.06.2020).

29. Brainnetome Atlas: a New Map of Human. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

30. Zhu Y.G., Cao H.Q., Dong E.D. Grand Research Plan for Neural Circuits of Emotion and Memory – Current Status of Neural Circuit Studies in China. Neuroscience Bulletin, 2013, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 121-124.

31. National Natural Science Fund Guide to Programs 2019. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

32. China Plans to Launch “Brain Project” by Year End. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

33. Deliverables. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

34. Wang Y. et al. Responsibility and Sustainability in Brain Science, Technology, and Neuroethics in China – a Culture-Oriented Perspective. Neuron, 2019, no. 3 (101), pp. 375-379.

35. Bien Perez. “China Brain” Project Seeks Military Funding as Baidu Makes Artificial Intelligence Plans. Available at: (accessed 16.06.2020).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Dezhina I., Nafikova T. Global Landscape of Neuroscience and Place of Russia. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, No 9, pp. 37-47.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Current Issue
2023, vol. 67, No. 1
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism of the European Union: a New Tool of Global Governance
  • Russia in American Climate Strategies
  • Latin America and NATO: Correlation Formats in the XX – the First Quarter of the XXI Century
  • Russia’s Chance to Renew Global Modernity
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.