Modern Migration Policy of France

271
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-8-119-126
Y. Streltsova (streltsovi@comtv.ru),
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, 36, Stremyannyi Per., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation;
Institute for Socio-Political Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 6/1, Fotievoi Str., Moscow, 119333, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article considers the main directions of migration policy outlined in Emmanuel Macron’s policy statements (France, 2017) and government programs of recent years. This refers to the policy of France regarding the reception of refugees, student immigration, “family” immigration, immigration on the status of “passport talent”, as well as immigration of professional and scientific personnel. The latest data on the number of immigrants in these categories are provided. The priority area of integration of immigrants is discussed in detail, as well as measures that are designed to improve the French integration model, including the system of reception and adaptation of newcomers. The discussion points of view on the current migration policy of the country by representatives of the main political parties, expressed at the debate in the National Assembly of France in November 2019, are investigated. 20 measures adopted by the government in November 2019 to change the French migration policy and make it more effective and more controllable are analyzed. The procedure for introducing quotas by profession and stages of its practical application are examined in detail. The issue of state spending on the reception of refugees and integration of immigrants is raised. Attention is drawn to the approach of E. Macron to the main problems of French migration policy and to the changes that occur during his presidency. Innovations related to strengthening cooperation with French citizens living outside of France, as well as expanding French education system abroad, are highlighted. The article discusses the statements of the presidential program, which, on the one hand, should strengthen the influence of French expatriates on the sociopolitical and economic life of France, as well as their representation in the country, and, on the other, solve the issue of their information and economic support.

Keywords: French migration policy, E. Macron, integration, immigrants, refugees, French expatriates


REFERENCES 

1. Le programme d’Emmanuel Macron concernant l’asile et l’immigration. La Republique En Marche 1 fevrier 2017. L’Express, 07.04.2017. Available at: https://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/politique/elections/programme-emmanuel-macron-presidentielle-2017_1896883.html (accessed 17.12.2019).

2. Loi Macron sur l’immigration: donnees et enjeux financiers. Les chiffres cles. Dossier special de Contribuables Associes, Mars 2018. Available at: https://www.contribuables.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/etude-migration-compressed-.pdf (accessed 18.12.2019).

3. Publication des Statistiques annuelles en matiere d’immigration, d’asile et d’acquisition de la nationalite francaise. Ministere de l’interieur, 21.01.2020. Available at: https://www.immigration.interieur.gouv.fr/fr/Info-ressources/Actualites/Communiques/Publication-des-Statistiques-annuelles-en-matiere-d-immigration-d-asile-et-d-acquisition-de-la-nationalite-francaise (accessed 27.01.2020).

4. Le parcours des etudiants etrangers arrives en France entre 2002 et 2016. Infos migrations, Juin 2017, no. 88. Available at: https://www.immigration.interieur.gouv.fr/Info-ressources/Etudes-et-statistiques/Etudes/Etudes/Infos-migrations (accessed 18.12.2019).

5. En direct – Immigration: “Il n’y a pas de consensus”, constate Edouard Philippe. Le Figaro, 07.10.2019. Available at: https://www.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/2019/10/07/01016-20191007LIVWWW00003-debat-immigration-assemblee-nationale-etrangers-illegaux-asile-quotas.php (accessed 18.01.2020).

6. Projet de loi pour une immigration maitrisee et un droit d’asile effectif. Available at: https://www.senat.fr/rap/a17-527/a17-5275.html (accessed 18.01.2020).

7. Refugees in France. VisaSam, 12.01.2020 (In Russ.) Available at: https://visasam.ru/emigration/europe-emigration/bezhency-vo-francii.html (accessed 16.11.2019).

8. Avis fait au nom de la Comission des lois constitutionnelles, da la legislation et de l’administration generale da la Republique sur le projet de loi (n 2272) de finances pour 2020. T. 3. Immigration, asile et integration. Assemblee nationale, 10.10.2019. Available at: www.assemblee-nationale.fr/dyn/15/rapports/cion_lois/l15b2306-tiii_rapport-avis (accessed 16.11.2019).

9. Ficek I., Freyssenet E. Migrants: l’histoire du changement de pied de Macron. Les Echos, 21.02.2018. Available at: https://www.lesechos.fr/21/02/2018/lesechos.fr/0301319351176_migrants--l-histoire-du-changement-de-pied-de-macron.htm (accessed 18.01.2020).

10. Quotas, acces aux soins, regroupement familial… voici le detail des 20 mesures sur l’immigration. LCI, 06.11.2019. Available at: https://www.lci.fr/politique/quotas-acces-aux-soins-regroupement-familial-voici-le-detail-des-20-mesures-sur-l-immigration-edouard-philippe-2136951.html (accessed 18.01.2020).

11. De Mareschal E. Macron ressuscite le debat sur l’instauration de quotas migratoires annuels. Le Figaro, 14.01.2019. Available at: https://www.lefigaro.fr/actualite-france/2019/01/14/01016-20190114ARTFIG00235-macron-ressuscite-le-debat-sur-l-instauration-de-quotas-migratoires-annuels.php (accessed 16.01.2020).

12. Michelon V. Concurrencee par d’autres pays, la France espere doubler l’accueil d’etudiants etrangers. LCI, 06.11.2019. Available at: https://www.lci.fr/population/concurrencee-par-d-autres-pays-la-france-espere-doubler-l-accueil-d-etudiants-etrangers-2136959.html (accessed 21.01.2020).

13. Avis presente au nom de la Commission des affaires etrangeres sur le projet de loi (n 2272) de finances pour 2020. T. 7. Immigration, asile et integration. Assemblee nationale, 10.10.2019. Available at: http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/15/budget/plf2020/a2303-tVII.asp (accessed 18.01.2020).

14. French state aid for development and its main principles (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/ru/politique-etrangere/oficial-naya-pomosch-v-celyah-razvitiya/l-aide-publique-au-developpement-francaise-et-ses-principes/ (accessed 19.01.2020).

15. Le programme d’Emmanuel Macron concernant les Francais de l’etranger. Available at: https://en-marche.fr/emmanuel-macron/le-programme/francais-de-l-etranger (accessed 18.12.2019).

16. Dravigny J. Presidence Macron et immigration: la continuite en marche? Migrations Societe, 2017, vol. 2, no. 168, pp. 3-11. Available at: https://www.cairn.info/revue-migrations-societe-2017-2-page-3.htm# (accessed 19.12.2019).


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Strel'tsova Y. Modern Migration Policy of France. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, No 8, pp. 119-126. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-8-119-126



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Current Issue
2023, vol. 67, No. 3
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Tax Instruments to Stimulate Innovations in EU Countries 
  • Russia and Western Balkans: Realized and Missed Opportunities in Trade
  • Spanish Society: Stable Instability 
  • ASEAN and the Myanmar Dilemma 
  • Greater Middle East
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.