Outsourcing Welfare and other Economic and Political Consequences of Trans-Border Migration

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-7-117-125
A. Kuteynikov (a.kuteynikov@spbu.ru),
St Petersburg University, 1/3, entrance 9, Smol’nogo Str., Saint Petersburg, 191124, Russian Federation

Acknowledgement. The paper is prepared under the project funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation. The Project ID is RFMEFI61317X0072.

Abstract. The aim of the article is to present the state of art in the research related to economic and political aspects of trans-border migration. The paper is based on the overview of recently published monographs that, firstly, reflect typical themes and trends of modern research, secondly, concentrate on structural aspects of migration and not on technical policy-related issues, and thirdly, are characterized by creative formulation of research questions, detailed methodologies, and comprehensive lines of argumentation. On the basis of the overview of those sources, the author of the article draws eight main conclusions. (1) Migration in the current research agenda is largely understood as a process that is intrinsic to modern societies. Such a perspective has led to increasing attention of specialists to economic and social stratification of migrant communities. (2) The publications aim at suggesting arguments to reduce the degree of harshness of the migration situation through the improvement of immigration policies. (3) The researchers specializing in migration studies demonstrate high awareness and use politically correct language, their academic research is characterized by thoroughness. The augmenting importance of international migration forces the researchers to solve serious cognitive and political problems. (4) Modern scientists carefully coin the research methodology that in the majority of cases is predisposed to the use of quantitative methods. (5) The research agenda is subjected to the influence of decisions, programs, research projects of international organizations, especially those of the World Bank and the International Organization for Migration. (6) Today, researchers predominantly tend to develop methodology to explore the current policy-making, and provide policy recommendations in preference to creation of comprehensive theories. (7) The current research generally identifies and analyzes the core problems that arise between institutions and subjects of migration processes derived from discrepancy between the states of the “Global North” and the “Global South”, inequality of migrant qualifications, the concurrent approaches of enterprises, public institutions, migrants themselves and receiving states. (8) Researchers try to find answers to the current challenges of migration by suggesting partial, superficial reforms of migration regimes, immigration rules and policies to attract skilled migrant workers.

Keywords: international migration, cross-border movements, remittances, investment abroad, diaspora, development, skilled labor, migrants, immigrants, immigration regime


1. Geddes A., Scholten P. The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe. 2nd ed. Los Angeles, Sage, 2016. xv, 270 p.

2. Freeman G.P., Mirilovic N., eds. Handbook on Migration and Social Policy. Cheltenham, Northampton, Edward Elgar, 2016. x, 481 p.

3. Kaushal N. Blaming Immigrants: Nationalism and the Economics of Global Movement. New York, Columbia University Press, 2019. 220 p.

4. Blix M. Digitalization, Immigration and the Welfare State. Cheltenham, Northampton, Edward Elgar, 2017. 200 p.

5. Wintol de Wenden C. La question migratoire au XXIe siecle. Migrants, refugies et relations internationals. Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 2017. 232 p.

6. Lucas R.E.B., ed. International Handbook on Migration and Economic Development. Northampton, Edward Elgar, 2015. 477 p.

7. Migration, Civil Society and Global Governance. London, New York, Routledge, 2019. 182 p.

8. Moving for Prosperity: Global Migration and Labor Markets. Washington, World Bank Group, 2018. xviii, 289 p.

9. Bandeira G., Caballe J., Vella E. Fiscal Austerity and Migration: A Missing Link. Barcelona, GSE, 2019. 51 p.

10. Crush J., Chikanda A. South-South Migration and Diasporas. Routledge Handbook of South-South Relations. New York, Routledge, 2019, pp. 65-88. DOI:10.1007/978-94-017-9023-9_4

11. Routledge Handbook of Environmental Displacement and Migration. Abingdon, New York, Routledge, 2018. 438 p.

12. Amelina A., Lutz H. Gender and Migration: Transnational and Intersectional Prospects. London, Routledge, 2019. 159 p.

13. Migration Theory: Talking Across Disciplines. 3rd ed. New York, Abingdon, Routledge, 2015. 356 p.

14. New Challenges in Immigration Theory. London, Routledge, 2015. x, 146 p.

15. Agustin O.G., Jorgensen M.B., eds. Solidarity without Borders: Gramscian Perspectives on Migration and Civil Society Alliances. London, Pluto Press, 2016. 256 p.

16. Chimni B.S. The Birth of a “Discipline”: From Refugee to Forced Migration Studies. Journal of Refugee Studies, 2009, vol. 22, issue 1, pp. 11-29. DOI:10.1093/jrs/fen051

17. Leurs K., Smets K. Five Questions for Digital Migration Studies: Learning from Digital Connectivity and Forced Migration In (to) Europe. Social Media + Society, 2018, January–March, pp. 1-16. DOI:10.1177/2056305118764425

18. Martin S. Migration and Refugee Studies: A US Perspective. Migration Studies, 2017, vol. 5, issue 1 (March), pp. 136-139. DOI:10.1093/migration/mnw006

19. Heran F. Migrations et societes. Paris, College de France, 2018. 87 p.

20. Bloch A. Sex, Love, and Migration: Postsocialism, Modernity, and Intimacy from Istanbul to the Arctic. Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 2017. xv, 256 p.

21. Franzen A., Jann B., Joppke C., Widmer E.D., eds. Essays on Inequality and Integration. Zurich, Seismo, 2016. 278 p.

22. Faist T. The Transnationalized Social Question: Migration and the Politics of Social Inequalities in the Twenty-First Century. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2019. xii, 376 p.

23. Bhabha J., Kanics J. Senovilla D.H., eds. Research Handbook on Child Migration. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2018. 531 p.

24. Sahraoui N., Amrith M. Gender, Work and Migration: Agency in Gendered Labour Settings. London, New York, Routledge, 2018. xiv, 206 p.

25. Adugna G. Migration Patterns and Emigrants’ Transnational Activities: Comparative Findings from Two Migrant Origin Areas in Ethiopia. Comparative Migration Studies, 2019, vol. 7, article no. 5. DOI:10.1186/s40878-018-0107-1 Available at: https://comparativemigrationstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40878-018-0107-1 (accessed 10.11.2019).

26. Amoyaw J.A., Abada T. Does Helping Them Benefit Me? Examining the Emotional Cost and Benefit of Immigrants’ Pecuniary Remittance Behaviour in Canada. Social Science & Medicine, 2016, vol. 153, March, pp. 182-192. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.02.007

27. Lerch M., Dahinden J., Wanner P. Remittance Behavior of Serbian Migrants Living in Switzerland. Neuchatel, SFM, 2007. 164 p.

28. Leveraging Migration for Africa: Remittances, Skills, and Investments. Washington, World Bank. 2011. 212 p. DOI:10.1596/978-0-8213-8257-8

29. Cohen J.H., Rath D., Sirkeci I., eds. Migration and Remittances during the Global Financial Crisis and Beyond. Washington, World Bank, 2012. 437 p.

30. Mohapatra S., Ratha D., eds. Remittance Markets in Africa. Washington, World Bank, 2011. 352 p.

31. Germano R. Outsourcing Welfare: How the Money Immigrants Send Home Contributes to Stability in Developing Countries. New York, Oxford University Press, 2018. 240 p.

32. Galipo A. Return Migration and Nation Building in Africa: Reframing the Somali Diaspora. Milton, Routledge, 2018. 178 p. DOI:10.4324/9780429491184

33. Tonah S., Setrana M.B., Arthur J.A., eds. Migration and Development in Africa: Trends, Challenges, and Policy Implications. Lanham, Lexington Books, 2017. x, 200 p.

34. Weinar A. Emigration and Diaspora Policies in the Age of Mobility. Cham, Springer, 2017. 260 p. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-56342-8

35. Graham B. Investing in the Homeland: Migration, Social Ties, and Foreign Firms. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 2019. xii, 257 p.

36. Bougheas S., Nelson D. On the Political Economy of High Skilled Migration and International Trade. European Economic Review, 2013, vol. 63, October, pp. 206-224. DOI:10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.07.008

37. Cerna L. The Crisis as an Opportunity for Change? High-Skilled Immigration Policies across Europe. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2016, vol. 42, issue 10: The Global Economic Crisis and Migration, pp. 1610-1630. DOI:10.1080/1369183X.2016.1162355

38. Hanson G.H., Kerr W.R., Turner S., eds. High-Skilled Migration to the United States and Its Economic Consequences. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 2018. 247 p.

39. McNulty Y., Selmer J., eds. Research Handbook of Expatriates. Cheltenham, Northampton, Edward Elgar, 2018. xxvi, 550 p.

40. Fink C., Miguelez E., eds. The International Mobility of Talent and Innovation: New Evidence and Policy Implications. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017. xvii, 306 p.

41. Czaika M., ed. High-Skilled Migration: Drivers and Policies. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018. 416 p. DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198815273.001.0001

42. The Mobility of Displaced Syrians. An Economic and Social Analysis. Washington, The World Bank, 2019. 322 p.

43. Martov I. Gibel’ titanov: pochemu vo Francii bol’she net Fuko i Delezov. Interv’yu s sociologom Aleksandrom Bibikovym [Death of the Titans: Why France Has No More Foucaults and Deleuzes. Interview with Sociologist Alexander Bibikov. Available at: https://gorky.media/context/gibel-titanov-pochemu-vo-frantsii-bolshe-net-fuko-i-delezov/ (accessed 23.09.2019).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Kuteinikov A. Outsourcing Welfare and other Economic and Political Consequences of Trans-Border Migration. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, no. 7, pp. 117-125. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-7-117-125

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 4
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Financial Contagion Propagation in Europe under the Impact of Global Shocks
  • Regional Powers on the African Continent: Trends and Prospects
  • Investment Activity of the PRC in the Kyrgyz Republic
  • “Land Grabbing” Concept: Global and National Aspects
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.