Digital Technologies: Policy for Improving Accessibility and Usage Skills Development in Europe and Russia

196
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-70-83
N. Plotichkina (oochronos@mail.ru), 
Kuban State University (KubSU), 149, Stavropolskaya Str., Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation;
E. Morozova (morozova_e@inbox.ru), 
Kuban State University (KubSU), 149, Stavropolskaya Str., Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation;
I. Miroshnichenko (mirinna78@mail.ru), 
Kuban State University (KubSU), 149, Stavropolskaya Str., Krasnodar, 350040, Russian Federation

Acknowledgements. The article has been supported by a grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR). Project no. 18-011-00975 “Subjective Space of Politics: Opportunities and Challenges of Network Society”.


Abstract. A new type of social inequality has arisen in the information society – the digital divide. The current understanding of this phenomenon is not so much connected with the problem of Internet access, but rather with the ability of users to employ digital technologies to improve their lives. Digital inequality creates new “social elevators” – the level of IT skills becomes the most important differentiating factor which sets a new framework for socialization system. A way to overcome the digital divide is to develop and implement a digital inclusion policy. Digital inclusion is a type of social inclusion in a digital society, aimed at overcoming inequality, digital isolation of citizens. It focuses on the social implications of differences in the use of IT by groups or individuals. Ultimately, the digital inclusion policy does not focus on the development of digital infrastructure or skills, but on ensuring the emergence of “visible” social results of online interaction among citizens (increment of economic, cultural and other forms of capital) due to the use of web resources. Based on comparative analysis, the manifestations of the digital divide in foreign countries and Russia are shown, the main types of digital inclusion policies and the agencies for their implementation are identified. The priorities of digital inclusion policy and the structure of its management depend on socio-political realities in each particular country. Overcoming regional and generational aspects of the digital divide is a priority for Russia. The European digital inclusion strategy is to provide digital benefits to all citizens, regardless of gender, age, education, income, geography. Mastering digital skills is shown as a fundamental indicator of digital inclusion in the modern sense. The key agencies of digital inclusion policy are nation-state and education system, however, the role of intersectoral interaction, NGOs, local communities, libraries in the development of digital skills among various population groups is significant. The monitoring system for digital inclusion policies is briefly described.

Keywords: digital divide, digital inclusion, digital socialization, digital inclusion policy, intersectoral interaction


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For citation:
Plotichkina N., Morozova E., Miroshnichenko I. Digital Technologies: Policy for Improving Accessibility and Usage Skills Development in Europe and Russia . World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, No 4, pp. 70-83. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-70-83



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