Russia and Global Water Crisis

188
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-53-59
A. Suzdaleva (SuzdalevaAL@yandex.ru), 
National Research University “Moscow State University of Civil Engineering”, 26, Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation

Abstract. Currently, many countries are experiencing a growing shortage of freshwater resources. Aggravation of such situation will have impact on economy and political situation in the countries which do not suffer from water deficiency. So, in the foreseeable future the world may face a global water crisis. The only way to prevent it is to develop new reserves of available water resources and their transborder supplies through formation of international market of fresh water resources and the interregional systems of water logistics. For water exporting countries this will bring not only economic benefits bur greater geopolitical significance. The Russian Federation possesses large reserves of fresh water in great Siberian Rivers that regularly cause catastrophic floods. Projects of transferring part of excess drain (runoff) to arid Central Asian republics were discussed in late years of the USSR. But these projects struck upon indignation of the local ecologically-minded public (ecologists). Since then the Russian Federation does not consider such projects. The author insists that the approach to this problem should to be reconsidered in the light of most recent climate-related events that substantiate the positions of those scientists who forecast a global water crisis until 2050. Active participation in formation of the international market of fresh waters resources has to be included into foreign policy agenda of the Russian Federation. In other words, this country needs to develop its own water diplomacy directed at protection of national interest in this increasingly unstable world – similarly to the experience of some foreign powers. The purpose is to achieve mutually advantageous international agreements on interregional supplies of fresh water. The main obstacle is the resistance of the local ecologists who maintain outdated stereotypes. The situation may be changed by dissemination of proper information on the issue, primarily concerning national ecological interests for participation in international efforts to prevent global water crisis. The refusal of sale of excess volumes of fresh water to neighboring countries may lead to emergency situations there and, consequently, to a burst of illegal migration and even attempts to solve the problem by force. 

Keywords: global water crisis, international market of fresh water resources, water logistics, water diplomacy, environmental diplomacy


REFERENCES

  1. Suzdaleva A., Goryunova S., Marchuk A., Borovkov V. Mobilization Strategy to Overcome Global Crisis of Water Consumption. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2017, vol. 90, pp. 1-7.
  2. Rastorguev V.N., Chereshnev V.A. Natsional’naya ekologicheskaya politika: zadachi politicheskogo planirovaniya v kontekste globalizatsii [National ecological policy: tasks of political planning in the context of globalization]. Moscow University Bulletin, Series 12, Political Science, 2008, no. 4, pp. 3-10.
  3. Guppy L., Anderson K. Global Water Crisis: the Facts. Hamilton, UN University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH), 2017. 13 p.
  4. Carroll J.E. Environmental Diplomacy: an Examination and a Prospective of Canadian-U.S. Transboundary Environmental Relations. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1983. 382 p.
  5. Kim R.E., Ali S.H. Green Diplomacy – an Opportunity for Peace-building? Environmental Policy and Law, 2016, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 86-96.
  6. Harden-Davies H. The Next Wave of Science Diplomacy: Marine Biodiversity beyond National Jurisdiction. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2018, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 426-434.
  7. Shmeleva I.A., Wang Guanjun. Ekologicheskaya razmernost` politiki sovremennogo Kitaya [Ecological dimension of politics of modern China]. Politicheskaya ekspertiza: Politeks, 2009, no. 4, pp. 191-210.
  8. Wang Guanjun. Gosudarstvennaya ekologicheskaya politika Kitaya: istoriya razvitiya i sovremennye problemy [Development of state environmental policy in China: history and today’s issues]. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Series 6: Philosophy, Cultural Studies, Political Science, Law, International Relations, 2012, no. 1, pp. 66-70.
  9. Karakır I.S. Environmental Foreign Policy as a Soft Power Instrument: Cases of China and India. Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia, 2018, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 5-26. DOI:10.17477/jcea.2018.17.1.005
  10. Chumakov A.N. Aktual’nye problemy sovremennoj globalistiki: socioprirodnyi aspekt [Actual Problems of Contemporary Global Studies: Socio-Natural Aspect]. Filosofskie nauki, 2012, no. 12, pp. 7-17.
  11. Bigas H., Morris T., Sandford B., Adeel Z., eds. The Global Water Crisis: Addressing an Urgent Security Issue. Papers for the Inter Action Council, 2011–2012. Hamilton (Canada), UNU-INWEH, 2012. 162 p.
  12. Wrathall D.J., Van Den Hoek J., Walters A., Devenish A. Water Stress and Human Migration: a Global, Georeferenced Review of Empirical Research. Land and Water Discussion Paper, 2018, no. 11. Rome, FAO, 2018. 28 p.
  13. Molnar K., Cuppari R., Schmeier S., Demuth S. Preventing Conflicts, Fostering Cooperation – the Many Roles of Water Diplomacy. Koblenz, UNESCO‘s International Centre for Water Cooperation (ICWC) at SIWI, Stockholm, Sweden and the UNESCO‘s International Centre for Water Resources and Global Change (ICWRGC), 2017. 40 p.
  14. Allan J.A. Virtual Water: a Strategic Resource. Global Solutions to Regional Deficits. Groundwater, 1998, 36(4), pp. 545-546.
  15. Ray C., McInnes D., Sanderson M. Virtual Water: its Implications on Agriculture and Trade. Water International, 2018, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 717-730.
  16. Alamri Y., Reed M. Estimating Virtual Water Trade in Crops for Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Water Resources, 2019, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 16-22. DOI:10.12691/ajwr‑7-1-3
  17. Bystrova A.K. Problemy global’noi infrastruktury v Tsentral’no-Aziatskom regione. Optimizatsiya roli Rossii [The Problems of the Global Infrastructure in the Central Asia. The Optimization of the Role of Russia]. Moscow, IMEMO, 2013. 98 p.
  18. Swain A. Water Wars: Fact or Fiction? Futures, 2001, no. 33, pp. 769-781. DOI:10.1016/S0016-3287(01)00018-0

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Suzdaleva A. Russia and Global Water Crisis. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 53-59. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-53-59



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.