Russia and Global Water Crisis

87
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-53-59
A. Suzdaleva (SuzdalevaAL@yandex.ru), 
National Research University “Moscow State University of Civil Engineering”, 26, Yaroslavskoye Shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation


Abstract

Currently, many countries are experiencing a growing shortage of freshwater resources. Aggravation of such situation will have impact on economy and political situation in the countries which do not suffer from water deficiency. So, in the foreseeable future the world may face a global water crisis. The only way to prevent it is to develop new reserves of available water resources and their transborder supplies through formation of international market of fresh water resources and the interregional systems of water logistics. For water exporting countries this will bring not only economic benefits bur greater geopolitical significance. The Russian Federation possesses large reserves of fresh water in great Siberian Rivers that regularly cause catastrophic floods. Projects of transferring part of excess drain (runoff) to arid Central Asian republics were discussed in late years of the USSR. But these projects struck upon indignation of the local ecologically-minded public (ecologists). Since then the Russian Federation does not consider such projects. The author insists that the approach to this problem should to be reconsidered in the light of most recent climate-related events that substantiate the positions of those scientists who forecast a global water crisis until 2050. Active participation in formation of the international market of fresh waters resources has to be included into foreign policy agenda of the Russian Federation. In other words, this country needs to develop its own water diplomacy directed at protection of national interest in this increasingly unstable world – similarly to the experience of some foreign powers. The purpose is to achieve mutually advantageous international agreements on interregional supplies of fresh water. The main obstacle is the resistance of the local ecologists who maintain outdated stereotypes. The situation may be changed by dissemination of proper information on the issue, primarily concerning national ecological interests for participation in international efforts to prevent global water crisis. The refusal of sale of excess volumes of fresh water to neighboring countries may lead to emergency situations there and, consequently, to a burst of illegal migration and even attempts to solve the problem by force. 


Keywords

global water crisis, international market of fresh water resources, water logistics, water diplomacy, environmental diplomacy


REFERENCES

  1. Suzdaleva A., Goryunova S., Marchuk A., Borovkov V. Mobilization Strategy to Overcome Global Crisis of Water Consumption. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2017, vol. 90, pp. 1-7.
  2. Rastorguev V.N., Chereshnev V.A. Natsional’naya ekologicheskaya politika: zadachi politicheskogo planirovaniya v kontekste globalizatsii [National ecological policy: tasks of political planning in the context of globalization]. Moscow University Bulletin, Series 12, Political Science, 2008, no. 4, pp. 3-10.
  3. Guppy L., Anderson K. Global Water Crisis: the Facts. Hamilton, UN University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH), 2017. 13 p.
  4. Carroll J.E. Environmental Diplomacy: an Examination and a Prospective of Canadian-U.S. Transboundary Environmental Relations. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1983. 382 p.
  5. Kim R.E., Ali S.H. Green Diplomacy – an Opportunity for Peace-building? Environmental Policy and Law, 2016, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 86-96.
  6. Harden-Davies H. The Next Wave of Science Diplomacy: Marine Biodiversity beyond National Jurisdiction. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2018, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 426-434.
  7. Shmeleva I.A., Wang Guanjun. Ekologicheskaya razmernost` politiki sovremennogo Kitaya [Ecological dimension of politics of modern China]. Politicheskaya ekspertiza: Politeks, 2009, no. 4, pp. 191-210.
  8. Wang Guanjun. Gosudarstvennaya ekologicheskaya politika Kitaya: istoriya razvitiya i sovremennye problemy [Development of state environmental policy in China: history and today’s issues]. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Series 6: Philosophy, Cultural Studies, Political Science, Law, International Relations, 2012, no. 1, pp. 66-70.
  9. Karakır I.S. Environmental Foreign Policy as a Soft Power Instrument: Cases of China and India. Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia, 2018, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 5-26. DOI:10.17477/jcea.2018.17.1.005
  10. Chumakov A.N. Aktual’nye problemy sovremennoj globalistiki: socioprirodnyi aspekt [Actual Problems of Contemporary Global Studies: Socio-Natural Aspect]. Filosofskie nauki, 2012, no. 12, pp. 7-17.
  11. Bigas H., Morris T., Sandford B., Adeel Z., eds. The Global Water Crisis: Addressing an Urgent Security Issue. Papers for the Inter Action Council, 2011–2012. Hamilton (Canada), UNU-INWEH, 2012. 162 p.
  12. Wrathall D.J., Van Den Hoek J., Walters A., Devenish A. Water Stress and Human Migration: a Global, Georeferenced Review of Empirical Research. Land and Water Discussion Paper, 2018, no. 11. Rome, FAO, 2018. 28 p.
  13. Molnar K., Cuppari R., Schmeier S., Demuth S. Preventing Conflicts, Fostering Cooperation – the Many Roles of Water Diplomacy. Koblenz, UNESCO‘s International Centre for Water Cooperation (ICWC) at SIWI, Stockholm, Sweden and the UNESCO‘s International Centre for Water Resources and Global Change (ICWRGC), 2017. 40 p.
  14. Allan J.A. Virtual Water: a Strategic Resource. Global Solutions to Regional Deficits. Groundwater, 1998, 36(4), pp. 545-546.
  15. Ray C., McInnes D., Sanderson M. Virtual Water: its Implications on Agriculture and Trade. Water International, 2018, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 717-730.
  16. Alamri Y., Reed M. Estimating Virtual Water Trade in Crops for Saudi Arabia. American Journal of Water Resources, 2019, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 16-22. DOI:10.12691/ajwr‑7-1-3
  17. Bystrova A.K. Problemy global’noi infrastruktury v Tsentral’no-Aziatskom regione. Optimizatsiya roli Rossii [The Problems of the Global Infrastructure in the Central Asia. The Optimization of the Role of Russia]. Moscow, IMEMO, 2013. 98 p.
  18. Swain A. Water Wars: Fact or Fiction? Futures, 2001, no. 33, pp. 769-781. DOI:10.1016/S0016-3287(01)00018-0

Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Suzdaleva A. Russia and Global Water Crisis. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2020, vol. 64, No 4, pp. 53-59. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-53-59



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2020, vol. 64, No. 11

Topical Themes of the Issue:

  • • Comparative Analyses of Terrorist Threats under Conditions of COVID 19
  • • Competitive Education in the Third Millenium: Quo Vadis?
  • • Models of Regional Leadership in Eurasia: to the New Research Agenda
  • • Russia: “Late-Take off Society” in the Whirlwind of World Politics
  • • Development of a National School of Political Science in China
View This Issue (2020, vol. 64, No. 11)
Submit an Article
Announcement

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.


Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the I, II, III issues of 2020 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eсonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial