Russia and China in Africa: Competition or Cooperation?

104
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-60-69
A. Dikarev (andreydikarev@yahoo.com), 
MGIMO University, 76, Vernadskogo Prosp., Moscow, 119454, Russian Federation


Abstract

The article provides comparative analysis of political and economic activities of Russia and China in the African continent at the beginning of the 21st century. Drivers of modern processes of bilateral communication Russia–Africa and China–Africa are highlighted along with media and scholarly discourse of “expansion” and “colonialism”. Statistical data are grouped and compared according to traditional approach: bilateral trade; investments; credits and loans. It is evident that by quantitative indices in almost all spheres of economics (save for supply of weapons), Russia falls far behind China which is currently the main builder of various infrastructure objects in Africa. The basic principle of China–Africa cooperation can be formulated as “aid-to-resources exchange”. Chinese state-backed and private business regard the African infrastructure buildup as a means of access to rich mineral resources of the continent. Russia does not have an adequate demographic and financial background for deepening its involvement into the economic life of Africa. Cultural influence, rather strong in Soviet times, is also very limited in the modern “deideologised” political atmosphere. Therefore Russia is trying to substitute its relative economic weakness with bigger-scale involvement into military and political actions of some African regimes. Chinese expansion to Africa is primarily of economic character, Russia is preoccupied with political influence first of all. At the same time, the recent dynamics in Russian-African trade has shown a highly positive trend promising good prospects in the sphere of traditional low-technology products.


Keywords

China, Russia, Africa, trade, Forums, investments, crediting, infrastructure, expansion, colonialism


REFERENCES

  1. Fedor Lukianov: “Without Russian nothing can be done” (In Russ.) Available at: https://vestikavkaza.ru/interview/Fedor-Lukyanov-Bez-Rossii-nichego-ne-poluchitsya.html06.11.2019 (accessed 15.11.2019).
  2. Barabanov O. Ideologiya vozvrashcheniya. Stoit li Rossii naverstyvat’ upushchennoye v Afrike [Ideology of Return. Is it worth for Russia to catch up in Africa] Available at: http://ru.valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/ideologiya-vozvrashcheniya/ (accessed 02.06.2019).
  3. Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. Beijing Action Plan (2019–2021). Available at: https://www.fmprc.gov.cn/mfa_eng/zxxx_662805/t1593683.shtml (accessed 05.08.2019).
  4. Kostelyanets S.V., kk ... Russia and the Global Competition for Africa: the military dimension. Oriens, 2018, no. 6, pp. 184-198. DOI:10.31857/S086919080002877-1
  5. Gemueva K.A., Salitskii A.I., Semenova N.K. Kitaiskaya ekspansiya glazami evropeitsev [Chinese Expansion as Seen by Europeans]. (Oriens), 2018, 6, c. 199-210. DOI:10.31857/S086919080002878-2
  6. Deich T.L. Kitai zavoevyvaet Afriku [China is Conquering Africa]. Moscow, Institute of Africa, 2013. 381 .
  7. Wang Yiwei. China Connects the World: What Behind the Belt and Road Initiative. Beijing, The Commercial Press & New World Press, 2016. 172 p. (In Chin.)
  8. Akol Nyok Akol Dok, Bradley A. Thayer. Take over Trap: Why Imperialist China is Invading Africa. The National Interest, 10.07.2019. Available at: https://presentdangerchina.org/2019/07/takeover-trap-why-imperialist-china-is-invading-africa/ (accessed 05.08.2019).
  9. Kartik Jayaram, Omid Kassiri, and Irene Yuan Sun. The Closest Look Yet at Chinese Economic Engagement in Africa. June 2017. Report Available at: https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/middle-east-and-africa/the-closest-look-yet-at-chinese-economic-engagement-in-africa (accessed 05.08.2019).
  10. Kadomtsev A. Ukreplenie Rossi i Kitaya v Afrike vse bol’she trevozhit Zapad (Chast’ 1) [The West is Becoming More and More Preoccupied by Enhancement of Russia and China in Africa (Part 1)]. International affairs, 21.03.2019. Available at: https://interaffairs.ru/news/show/21975 (accessed 05.10.2019).
  11. Kolesnikov A. Afrikanskaya Rus’ [African Rus]. New Times, 28.05.2019.
  12. Smotryaev M. Kak Kitai obstavil Rossiyu v Afrike [How China Beat Russia in Africa] Available at: https://www.bbc.com/russian/features-43336541 (accessed 06.04.2019).
  13. Kuznetsova N. Rossiya ishchet vykhod na afrikanskii rynok [Russia is Seeking Access to African Market] Available at: https://www.if24.ru/rossiya-ishhet-vyhod-na-afriku/ (accessed 06.08.2019).
  14. Zarodov I. Formirovanie obraza Kitaya kak otvetstvennoi global’noi derzhavy [China as Responsible Global Power: Creation of Image]. International affairs, 2019, no. 6. Available at: https://interaffairs.ru/jauthor/material/2201 (accessed 05.02.2020).
  15. Fedotov V., Sidorova G. Afrika i Rossiya: sotrudnichestvo s perspektivoi [Africa and Russia: Prospects of Cooperation]. International affairs, 2010, no. 5, pp. 128-143.
  16. Ibatullin A.F. Rossiya i Afrika na rubezhe –I vv.: itogi i perspektivy sotrudnichestva [Russia and Africa at the Turn f the XX–XXI Centuries: Results And Prospects f Cooperation]. Vestnik RUDN, seriya Istoriya Rossii, 2016, no. 2, pp. 66-72.
  17. Parfenov D.A. Ekonomicheskaya politika Rossii v kontekste sovremennogo neokolonializma [Economic Policy of Russia in the Context of Modern Colonialism]. Rossiiskoe predprinimatel’stvo, 2012, no. 21, pp. 4-10.
  18. Peter Pham J., Abdoul Salam Bello, Boubacar-Sid Barry. Chinese Aid nd Investment Are Good for Africa. Foreign Policy, 31.08.2018.
  19. Wilson Vorn Dick. Let China Fail in Africa. The National Interest, 29.01.2019. Available at: https://nationalinterest.org/feature/let-china-fail-africa‑42812 (accessed 05.02.2020).
  20. Schneidman Witney and Signe Landry. The Trump Administration Africa Strategy: Primacy or Partnership? Available at: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2018/12/20/the-trump-administrations-africa-strategy-primacy-or-partnership/ (accessed 05.02.2020).
  21. Russia in Africa (In Russ.) Available at: https://newtimes.ru/articles/detail/17129017 (accessed 05.08.2019).
  22. Lopatov V.V. Torgovye otnosheniya Rossii s afrikanskimi stranami na rubezhe 20–21 vekov [Trade Relations of Russia with African Countries at the Turn of 20–21 Centuries]. Available at: https://s30556663155.mirtesen.ru/blog/43475006683/Torgovyie-otnosheniya-Rossii-s-afrikanskimi-stranami-v-kontse-HH (accessed 05.02.2020).
  23. Deborah Brautigam, Xinshen Diao, Margaret McMillan, and Jed Silver. Chinese Investment in Africa: How Much do We Know? Available at: https://pedl.cepr.org/sites/default/files/PEDL_Synthesis_Papers_Piece_No._2.pdf (accessed 04.06.2019).
  24. Deich T.L. Kitai v Afrike: “Neokolonializm” ili win-win strategiya? [China in Africa: Neocolnialism or win-win Strategy]. Outlines of Global Transformations: Politics, Economics, Law, 2018, no. 5, pp. 119-141. DOI:10.23932/2542-0240-2018-11-5-119-141
  25. Chinese Investment in Africa: How Much Do We Know. Synthesis Papers. Available at: https://pedl.cepr.org/sites/default/files/PEDL_Synthesis_Papers_Piece_No._2.pdf (accessed 30.05.2019).
  26. David Herbling, Dandan Li. China’s Built a Railroad to Nowhere in Kenya. Available at: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-07-19/china-s-belt-and-road-leaves-kenya-with-a-railroad-to-nowhere

     


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Dikarev A. Russia and China in Africa: Competition or Cooperation?. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2020, vol. 64, No 4, pp. 60-69. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-4-60-69



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2021, vol. 65, No. 1
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Globalization and Nation-State: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow
  • Global Value Chains (GVCS) and COVID 19 Pandemic
  • Middle East Conflicts Today: Between Religion and Geopolitics
  • Beijing’s Pain Points – 2 (Glance from Mid 2020)
  • Social Sciences and Global Turbulence: Rebooting the Mainstream
View This Issue (2021, vol. 65, No. 1)
Submit an Article
Announcement

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.


Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the I, II, III issues of 2020 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial