Visegrad Four and Development of European Integration

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-12-87-95
F. Basov (,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Acknowledgements. The article has been supported by a grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR). Project 19-010-00107 “The Limits of Independence of the Visegrad Group in the EU: Choice of National Strategies, Response to European Challenges, Development of Ties with the Russian Federation” (IMEMO RAN).

Abstract. This article is devoted to the study of the position of the Visegrad countries (Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic and Slovakia) on the further development of European integration. Particular attention is paid to such important EU projects as the Defense Union, the Energy Union and the European Green Deal. The article also analyzes the stand of the Visegrad states on migration issues, institutional problems of European integration, energy security. Prestige and status remain important factors for the foreign and European policy of the Visegrad countries. For this reason, the latter are supporters of an intergovernmental and confederal approach to European integration, preservation of national competencies. In the vision of the further development of European integration, the positions of the mainstream and V4 have come closer. The Visegrad states do not want to leave the EU and are not ready to go to a tough confrontation with Brussels. The V4 countries that are not part of the Eurozone are planning to join it. They also support the main and most ambitious projects of European integration mentioned above, although they have their own special priorities in these projects. Visegrad is a sub-region with its own characteristics in the perception of European integration. These characteristics consist in conservatism, pragmatism, agrarianism, an anti-migrant mood. In this, some neighboring countries are similar to the Visegrad Four – Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia. This circumstance suggests that in the future it will be possible to speak about the informal group “V4+”.

Keywords: Visegrad Group, Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, European Union, European integration, Defense Union, Energy Union, European Green Deal


  1. Schlögel K. Die Mitte liegt ostwärts: Europa im Übergang. München, Wien, Hanser Verlag, 2002. 252 s.
  2. Safonova E.A. Vishegradskie strany v Evropeiskom Soyuze [Vishegrad States in the European Union]. Voprosy istorii, arkheologii, politicheskikh nauk i regionovedeniya, 2019, vol. 1, no. 14, pp. 181-185.
  3. Shishelina L.N., otv. red. Vishegradskaya chetverka v Evropeiskom Soyuze: dilemmy konvergentsii [Vishegrad Four in the European Union: Convergence Dilemmas]. Moscow, IE RAS, 2017. 140 p.
  4. Göllner R. T. The Visegrad Group – A Rising Star Post-Brexit? Changing Distribution of Power in the European Council. Open Political Science, 2017, no. 1, pp. 1-6.
  5. Jakóbik W. The Energy Union is Still Attractive for Poland. Observator Finansowy, 22.01.2018. Available at: (accessed 16.08.2020).
  6. Mydlo T. Ansprache zur Tagung “25 Jahre. Ungarn und seine Nachbarn. 1989–2014” Regensburg, 13 November 2014. Küpper H., Lengyel Z.K., Scheuringer H., hrsg. Ungarn 1989–2014. Eine Bilanz nach 25 Jahren. Regensburg, Friedrich Pustet, 2015, ss. 19-23.

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Basov F. Visegrad Four and Development of European Integration. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, no. 12, pp. 87-95.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.