German Federal Republic and Crisis in Syria: Active Mediator or Passive Observer?

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-12-78-86
N. Pavlov (,
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, 76, Vernadskogo Prosp., Moscow, 119454, Russian Federation;
K. Khderi (,
AO “Mercedes-Benz RUS”, 39A, Leningradskii Prosp., Moscow, 125167, Russian Federation


During the Cold War, the involvement of the Federal Republic of Germany into the settlement of regional conflicts was insignificant. The situation started to change after German reunification which lead to the increase in Germany’s role in the international arena. Political, diplomatic and economic instruments started to belong to the main features of German foreign policy in the region and created a positive image among the Arab countries. Today, at first sight, the Middle East does not belong to the top priorities of German foreign policy. However, in the foreign policy hierar¬chy, the region is among the top three after Europe and the United States, ahead of Asia, Africa and Latin America. Berlin’s increased focus on the Middle East is determined by a number of factors. Among them are German historical responsibility towards Jewish people and obligation to ensure Israel’s right to existence and security; dependence of the German economy on energy resources from the Arab countries; region’s proximity to Europe, and such arising threats as terrorism, illegal migration and regional conflicts. In its turn, regional conflicts are a unique opportunity for the Federal Republic of Germany to declare itself as an international mediator and to participate in peace processes on an equal footing with such world powers as the United States of America, Russian Federation or the People’s Republic of China. Maneuvering between the Arab countries and Israel, the United States and the European partners as well as explosive situation in the region lead to decreased efficiency of German policy towards the Arab countries. In such circumstances, is Berlin ready to assume the role of international mediator in this constantly sensitive region, or would it prefer to remain a passive observer? The analysis of Germany’s policy in the region in the context of the Syrian crisis will help to answer the above stated question.


Germany, Syria, Middle East, civil war in Syria, German foreign policy, international relations, German-Syrian relations


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For citation:
Pavlov N., Khderi K. German Federal Republic and Crisis in Syria: Active Mediator or Passive Observer?. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2020, vol. 64, No 12, pp. 78-86.

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