Liberalism against Etatism (on the Path towards Liberalism of the 21st Century)

102
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-11-13-22
V. Sheinis (Sheynis31@gmail.com),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Abstract. In the 20th century, liberalism stood up in a fight against two authoritarian (totalitarian) regimes – the nazi one and the communist one. This lead to conclusion on the “end of history” – the end of the world competition in common forms. It took little time to make sure that sharp turns of historical processes are unpredictable, etatist (authoritarian, statist) regimes are diverse, and liberalism has to argue for its historically superior role in a dispute with them over and over again. In some cases, and in some ways, authoritarian regimes have proven to be more effective than liberal ones. This was discussed by qualified experts at international workshops held in Moscow in 2017–2018. Following these discussions, a book was published in 2019. The proceeding of the dispute is represented in this article. The liberal strategy has been searching for a synthesis of freedom and equality for more than a century. However, in practice, their organic convergence is problematic. It is difficult to balance the aims of liberals and socialists, and therefore, to define possibilities and limits of a dialogue between them. Social state is one of the main ideas that liberal parties bring to elections. But it is hard to compile with material and administrative resources concentration in state hands. Nations are a reality of the modern world. Building and developing civil nations within the borders of one state (and particularly of interstate formations) is the task that has no vivid and familiar solutions. The same as the problem of nation-state sovereignty (the apologetic attitude to which has become widespread) has no simple and unambiguous solution. The apparent success of illiberal (and in some countries – anti-liberal) methods of partial modernization is one of the most ruel surprises sprung on the liberal doctrine and policy by modern world processes. All this makes the promotion of liberal values in Europe and Russia very challenging.

Keywords: liberalism, etatism, social state, nationalism, civil and ethnic nations, “sovereignizator”, illiberal ways of modernization, liberal world and Russia


REFERENCES

  1. Zakaria F. Budushchee svobody: neliberal’naya demokratiya v SShA i za ikh predelami [The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad]. Mscow, “Ladomir”, 2004. 383 p.
  2. Sen A. Razvitie kak svoboda [Development as Freedom]. Moscow, Fond Liberal’naya missiya, Novoe izdatel’stvo, 2004. 425 p.
  3. Fukuyama F. The End of History. The National Interest, 16 (Summer 1989), pp. 3-18.
  4. Fukuyama F. Konets istorii i poslednii chelovek [The end of history and the last man]. Mscow, AST Ermak, 2004. 588 p.
  5. Liberalism in the XXI century. Modern challenges to freedom and new liberal responses. Mscow, Mysl’, 2019. 371 p. (In Russ.)
  6. Pain Je., Fedyunin S. Natsiya i demokratiya. Perspektivy upravleniya kul’turnym raznoobraziem [Nation and democracy. The perspectives of management of cultural diversity]. Moscow, Mysl’, 2017. 266 p.
  7. Magyar B. Anatomiya postkommunisticheskogo mafioznogo gosudarstva. Na primere Vengrii [The Anatomy of Post-Communist Mafia Regimes on the example of Hungary]. Mscow, Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie, 2016. 392 p.

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Sheinis V. Liberalism against Etatism (on the Path towards Liberalism of the 21st Century). World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 13-22. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-11-13-22



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 5
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Are There Any Ways to Break Through the Korean Nuclear Impasse?
  • Contemporary U.S. Taiwan Policy: Balancing on the Edge
  • The Gulf Monarchies’ Vision of the Global Order Transformations and the Russian Place in It
  • At Post-Soviet Space
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.