Resolution of the Syrian Conflict is an Important Step on the Way to Regional Stability

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-11-53-61
S. Ivanov (,
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article explores the causes, main stages and consequences of the Syrian armed conflict, its negative impact on the entire system of regional security and stability in the Middle East. The author pays special attention to analyzing the prerequisites for the outbreak of a civil war in Syria, to large-scale interference of foreign states and non-state actors in the face of radical Islamist groups in this conflict. It is emphasized that Iran, Turkey, Russia and the USA have become the main external forces participating in the Syrian conflict. The role and importance of the Kurdish factor in the northern and north-eastern regions of Syria are also considered. The author concludes that, despite the defeat of the largest terrorist groups and the establishment by the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic of control over most of the country’s territory, it is too early to talk about resolving the conflict. The country remains split into several enclaves, most of the Syrians find themselves in a position of refugees abroad or reside in territories not controlled by Damascus. The most promising way to normalize the situation in the SAR seems to be the intensification of negotiations between representatives of the Assad government and the opposition in Geneva format, where one of the main issues on the agenda is the coordination of the draft future constitution. The author also believes that the defeat of the “Islamic State” in Syria in previous years can significantly reduce the foreign military presence in this country.

Keywords: Damascus, Syrian conflict, civil war, radical Islamist groups, jihadists, Sunni Arabs, Alawites, Kurds


  1. Pechurov S.L. Arabskii Vostok: ot “vesny” k haosu? [Arab East: from “spring” to chaos?]. Moscow, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2013. 120 p.
  2. Ivanov S.M. Siriiskii konflikt i nestabil’nost’ na Blizhnem Vostoke [Syrian conflict and instability in the Middle East]. SIPRI Yearbook 2018. Moscow, IMEMO, 2019, pp. 685-696.
  3. Pir-Budagova E. Istoriia Sirii. XX vek [History of Syria. Twentieth century]. Institute of Oriental Studies RAS, Moscow, 2015. 392 p.
  4. Saiks–Piko soglashenie 1916 [Sykes–Pico Agreement 1916]. Dokumenty XX veka. Diplomaticheskii slovar’ [XX century documents. Diplomatic Dictionary]. Moscow, 1948. Available at: (accessed 08.06.2020).
  5. Adamov E.A., ed. Razdel Aziatskoi Turtsii. Po sekretnym dokumentam byvshego Ministerstva inostrannykh del [Section of Asian Turkey. According to Secret Documents of the Former Ministry of Foreign Affairs]. Moscow, Literary publishing house, NKID, 1924. 383 p.
  6. Alekseeva N., Amirov Sh. et al. SIRIYA. Bol’shaya rossiiskaya entsiklopediya [SIRIYA Big Russian Encyclopaedia]. Moscow, 2015. Available at (accessed 08.02.2020).
  7. Polonskii I. Raspadetsya li Siriya? Veroyatnost’ sozdaniya gosudarstva alavitov [Will Syria collapse? The likelihood of the creation of the Alawite state.] Military Review, 12.10.2015. Available at: (accessed 14.12.2019).
  8. The massacre in Hama 82. Propulsion Asad war with the people of Syria. Website Alif, 27.10.2019. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 12.12.2019).
  9. Ahmedov V. Rol’ islamskogo faktora v obshchestvenno-politicheskom razvitii arabskih stran Blizhnego Vostoka i ego evolyuciya v usloviyah sirijskogo vosstaniya [The role of the Islamic factor in the socio-political development of the Arab countries of the Middle East and its evolution in the context of the Syrian uprising]. Moscow, Institute of the Middle East, 2015. 124 p.
  10. Gulieva E. Istoriya siriiskih kurdov [History of Syrian Kurds]. Dossier. TASS, 20.02.2016. Available at: (accessed 18.12.2019).
  11. Baranovskaya M. V Sirii posle 48 let otmenen rezhim chrezvychainogo polozheniya [Syria lifts state of emergency after 48 years]. Deutsche Welle Site, 21.04.2011. Available at: (accessed 18.12.2019).
  12. The Syrian President has allowed multi-party system in the country., 04.08.2011. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 08.01.2020).
  13. Naumkin V. Kurdskaya golovolomka Blizhnego Vostoka [The Kurdish Conundrum of the Middle East]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2019, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 76-87. DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019- 63-5-76-87
  14. Ivanov S.. “Islamskoe gosudarstvo” kak ugroza mezhdunarodnoi bezopasnosti [“Islamic State” as a threat to international security] International Relations, 2016, no. 2, pp. 149-154.
  15. Kazantsev A., Shumilina I. Inostrannye boeviki v IGIL. Problema verbovki i vozvrata [Foreign fighters in ISIS. The problem of recruitment and return] Available at: (accessed 30.11.2019).
  16. Platov V. IGIL stremitsya k ispol’zovaniyu oruzhiya massovogo porazheniya [ISIS seeks to use weapons of mass destruction]. New Eastern Outlook, 13.06.2015. Available at: (accessed 18.11.2019).
  17. Kurdish militias confirm release of latest settlement in Syria from IS. IA Interfaks, 23.03.2019. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 18.01.2020).
  18. The media reported on the liquidation of the leader of the IG Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Interfaks, 27.10.2019. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 28.11.2019).
  19. Moscow cements deal with Damascus to keep 49-year presence at Syrian naval and air bases. TASS, 20.01.2017. Available at: (accessed 18.01.2020).
  20. “Russia 24” reported the shelling of aircraft of the Russian Aerospace Forces by Turkish specialists. Interfax, 27.02.2020. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 15.03.2020).
  21. Sazhin V. Iran v Sirii: tsena pomoshchi [Iran in Syria: the price of assistance]. International Affairs, 01.01.2018. Available at: show/19090 (accessed 28.11.2019).
  22. Yushina S.V. Istoricheskii aspekt siriiskogo krizisa kak odnogo iz istochnikov i prichin terroristicheskoi aktivnosti v sovremennom mire [The historical aspect of the Syrian crisis as one of the sources and causes of terrorist activity in the modern world]. Izvestiya VUZov. Severo-Kavkazskii region, Yuzhnyi federal’nyi universitet (Rostov-na-Donu), 2016, no. 4 (192), pp. 51-55.
  23. “Anadolu” (Turkey): US-led coalition strikes Iran’s military facilities in Syria. INOSMI.RU, 12.03.2020. (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 15.03.2020).
  24. Egypt to provide military assistance to the Kurds in Syria. Digital journal, 14.03.2020. Available at: (accessed 15.03.2020).
  25. Shumilin A. Blizhnevostochnye konflikty: evropeiskii podhod [Middle East Conflicts: European Approach]. Moscow, Institute of Europe RAS, 2019. 64 p.
  26. Ivanov S.M. Voina v Sirii smeshchaetsya v sferu ekonomiki [The war in Syria is shifting to the economy]. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 27.11.2019. Available at: (accessed 10.03.2020).
  27. Trump, Putin agree no military solution in Syria. Al Jazeera, 11.11.2017. Available at: (accessed 25.03.2020).
  28. UN Security Council Resolution No. 2254 (2015). (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 08.02.2020).
  29. Naumkin V.V. Gluboko razdelennye obshchestva Blizhnego i Srednego Vostoka: Konfliktnost’, nasilie, vneshnee vmeshatel’stvo [Deeply Divided Societies in the Middle East: Conflict, Violence and Foreign Intervention]. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Series 25: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya i mirovaya politika, 2015, vol. 7, no. 1, . 66-96.

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Ivanov S. Resolution of the Syrian Conflict is an Important Step on the Way to Regional Stability. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, no. 11, pp. 53-61.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.