Is There Any Chance to Revive French Industry?

24
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-10-103-111
N. Lapina (lapina@inion.ru),
Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences (INION RAS), 51/21, Nakhimovskii Prosp., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation


Abstract

Deindustrialization in advanced economies has become one of the consequences of economic globalization. This process has been developing over the past four decades, however, the destruction of industrial potential has been seriously discussed recently. The article analyzes the process of France’s entry into the global economy and the subsequent partial destruction of the national industry. The French model of entry into the open economy was distinguished by its own characteristics: the speed and scale of the transformation, accompanied by rising unemployment and curbing income inequality. French society was not ready for globalization and perceived it as a threat. Deindustrialization, which took place against the background of structural and technological restructuring of production, changed the social structure. The first social victims were workers. In contrast to a reduction in the number of workers in France, the representation of top and middle managers increased. At the same time, fragmentation of the middle class took place; its lower strata were threatened by unemployment and lumpenization. In French society, new social divisions appeared, and socio-spatial imbalances grew. At the end of the global financial and economic crisis of 2008–2009, the European countries recalled the industrial policy. France is currently endorsing a new program for development of an innovative economy. In the case of its implementation or non-implementation, three scenarios are possible. The “Step into the Future” scenario involves the implementation of a program for development of an innovative economy and modernization of society. New industries will create new jobs, contribute to the emergence of new activities and new professions related to the assimilation and processing of information. The “French Desert” is possible if the first scenario cannot be implemented. The “Back to Etatism!” scenario implies a technocratic version of modernization and strengthening state influence on society.


Keywords

globalization, deindustrialization, reindustrialization, industrial policy, France, E. Macron


REFERENCES 

1. Artus P., Virard M.-P. La France sans ses usisnes. Paris, Fayard, 2011. 175 .

2. Malezieux J., Fischer A., Merenne-Schoumaker B. Regards de grands temoins sur 50 ans de mutations industrielles. Bulletin de l’Association de geographes francais, 2015, no. 92 (4), pp. 437-451.

3. Bost F., Messaoudi D. La desindustrialisation: quelles realites dans le cas francais? Revue geographique de l’Est, 2017, vol. 57, no. 1-2. Available at: https://journals.openedition.org/rge/6333 (accessed 20.04.2020).

4. Todd E. Les luttes de classes en France au XXIe siecle. Paris, Seuil, 2020. 373 p.

5. Birnbaum . Les sommets de l’Etat. Essai sur l’elite du pouvoir en France. Paris, Seuil, 1994. 224 p.

6. Klinova M.V. Privatizatsionnaya sostavlyayushchaya v innovatsionnoi politike Frantsii [Privatization component in the innovation policy of France]. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2018, vol. 62, no. 10, pp. 37-45. DOI:10.20542/0131-2227-2018-62-10-37-45

7. Les syndicats denoncent des licenciements boursiers chez GE. Le Point, 13.01.2016. Available at: https://www.lepoint.fr/economie/ge-supprime-765-emplois-en-france-dans-l-ex-alstom-power-13-01-2016-2009479_28.php (accessed 20.04.2020).

8. Roustan M. La desindustrialisation du territoire: mythe ou realite?: Rapport d’information a l’Assemblee nationale. aris, 2004, no. 1625 (XIIe legislature), mai. 219 p. Available at: http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/12/rap-info/i1625.asp (accessed 20.04.2020).

9. Rubinskii Yu.I., ed. Frantsiya. V poiskakh novykh putei [France. In search of new ways]. Moscow, Ves’ mir, 2007. 624 p.

10. EUROBAROMETRE69. L’Opinion Publique dans l’Union Europeenne. Printemps 2008. Rappor national France. 47 p. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/archives/eb/eb69/eb69_fr_nat.pdf (accessed 20.04.2020).

11. Lapina N.Yu. Natsional’nye modeli vstupleniya v globalizatsiyu [National entry models to globalization]. Rossiya i sovremennyi mir, 2020, no. 2 (107), p. 73-77.

12. Bost F., Fagnoni E. Les territoires francais a l’epreuve des mutations industrielles. Bulletin de l’Association de geographes francais, 2015, no. 92 (4), pp. 427-436.

13. Sicard Cl. La descente aux enfers de l’industrie francaise. Contrepoints, 19.10.2018. Available at: https://www.contrepoints.org/2018/10/19/328062-la-descente-aux-enfers-de-lindustrie-francaise (accessed 20.04.2020).

14. La preference francaise. L’OBS, 2019, 21–27 nov., no. 2872, p. 16.

15. Fourquet J. L’archipel francais. Naissance d’une nation multiple et divisee. Paris, Seuil, 2019. 383 p.

16. Tableaux de l’economie francaise: Edition 2019. Paris, INSEE, 2019. Available at: https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/3696937 (accessed 21.04.2020).

17. Castells M. Informatsionnaya epokha: Ekonomika, obshchestvo, kul’tura [Information era: Economics, society, culture]. Moscow, GU VSHE, 2000. 608 p.

18. Lapina N.Yu. Ne ochen’ schastlivaya globalizatsiya: frantsuzskii opyt [Not very happy globalization: the French experience]. Rossiya i sovremennyi mir, 2020, no. 2, pp. 190-209.

19. Gallois L. Pacte pour la competitivite de l’industrie francaise. 05.11.2012. 74 p. Available at: https://www.entreprises.gouv.fr/files/files/directions_services/politique-et-enjeux/simplifications/rapport-louis-gallois-competitivite.pdf (accessed 21.04.2020).

20. Davesne S. Francois Hollande lance sa nouvelle politique industrielle “ni liberale, ni dirigiste”. L’Usine nouvelle, 12.09.2013. Available at: https://www.usinenouvelle.com/article/francois-hollande-lance-sa-nouvelle-politique-industrielle-niliberale-ni-dirigiste.N204757 (accessed 21.04.2020).

21. Notre ambition pour l’industrie. Paris, Conseil National de l’Industrie, 2017. 27 p. Available at: https://www.gouvernement.fr/sites/default/files/document/document/2017/11/dossier_de_presse_-_notre_ambition_pour_lindustrie_-_20.11.2017.pdf (accessed 21.04.2020).

22. Pacte productif pour le plein emploi. 2019. Available at: https://www.economie.gouv.fr/pacte-productif (accessed 21.04.2020).

23. Pacte productif: dix filieres d’innovation prioritaires. Vie publique, 2020. Available at: https://www.vie-publique.fr/en-bref/273289-pacte-productif-10-filieres-dinnovation-prioritaires (accessed 21.04.2020).

24. Mathieu B. Industrie: en finir avec la grande braderie. L’Express, 2020, no. 3759, 6–12 fevr, pp. 21-22. Available at: https://lexpansion.lexpress.fr/actualite-economique/industrie-en-finir-avec-la-grande-braderie_2117042.html (accessed 21.04.2020).

25. Barometre de la confiance politique. Vague 11 / CEVIPOF. 2020. 11 fevr. Available at: https://www.sciencespo.fr/cevipof/fr/content/le-barometre-de-la-confiance-politique (accessed 21.02.2020).

26. Macron E. Adresse aux Francais. 12.03.2020. Available at: https://www.elysee.fr/emmanuel-macron/2020/03/12/adresse-aux-francais (accessed 21.04.2020).

27. L’intergralite du texte de l’allocution d’Emmanuel Macron du 13 avril 2020. Available at: https://www.lavoixdunord.fr/740703/article/2020-04-14/l-integralite-du-texte-de-l-allocution-d-emmanuel-macron-du-13-avril-2020 (accessed 21.04.2020).

28. Furbury P.A. Coronavirus: les Francais font des relocalisations la priorite de l’apres-crise. Les Echos, 13.04.2020. Available at: https://www.lesechos.fr/politique-societe/politique/coronavirus-les-francais-font-des-relocalisations-la-priorite-de-lapres-crise-1194424#utm_source=newsletter&utm_medium (accessed 21.04.2020).

29. Macron E. FT Interview: Emmanuel Macron says it is time to think the unthinkable. Financial Time, 17.04.2020. Available at: https://www.ft.com/content/3ea8d790-7fd1-11ea-8fdb-7ec06edeef84 (accessed 21.04.2020).

30. Zaritskii B.E., Zakharov A.N. Perspektivy reindustrializatsii razvitykh ekonomik [Prospects for the reindustrialization of developed economies]. Perspektivy ekonomicheskoi globalizatsii. Monografiya [Prospect of economic globalization: monograph]. Bulatov A.S., ed. Moscow, KnoRus, 2020, pp. 331-350.

31. Pandemic divided the EU into two camps. Nezavisimaya gazeta, 07.04.2020. (In Russ.) Available at: http://nvo.ng.ru/editorial/2020-04-07/2_7837_editorial.html (accessed 21.04.2020).

32. Verceuil J. Les avatars de la mondialisation. Remarques sur quatre scenarios plausibles. Une mondialisation contrariee: L’Europe et la Chine face a de nouveaux enjeux. Richet X., Vercueil J., eds. Paris, Harmattan, 2019, pp. 15-32.


Registered in system SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Lapina N. Is There Any Chance to Revive French Industry?. Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, 2020, vol. 64, No 10, pp. 103-111. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-10-103-111



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed
 
Current Issue
2021, vol. 65, No. 4

Topical Themes of the Issue:

  •  Coronacrisis in the EU: a Knock-Down or a Jump-Off for Integration? 
  •  Latin America in the South-South Cooperation Against the Background of Globalization Controversies 
  •  Reforming the Saudi Economy: Results and Perspectives 
  •  Non-Western Theories of Development in the Global Capitalism Era
  •  About an Attempt to Create a Theory of International Relations in IMEMO in the 1970s
View This Issue (2021, vol. 65, No. 4)
Submit an Article
Announcement

Dear readers!
Please note that free access to full-text issues of the Journal is being opened at our WEB-site after 6 months of the date of publications.The work on deepening the open archive of full-text issues will be continued.


Dear colleagues, authors and readers!
We kindly request you to turn to editor-in-chief and executive secretary directly concerning reviewing scientific publications in our journal. Only editor-in-chief takes decision on order and publication the reviews!

Dear readers!
This is to inform the researchers of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations that electronic versions of the IV issue of 2020 and I issue of 2021 of French magazine Politique étrangère are now available. Those who are interested, please personally address to the editorial staff of MEMO Journal (room 18-17) with an electronic media.
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.

“Civilization processes of modern development” is a new rubric opened by MEMO Journal in 2020. It will be devoted to the analysis of the influence of civilizational factors and inter-civilizational interactions on the political and socio-economic development of the world at whole, regions and countries.

“Africa today and tomorrow”The rubric devoted to contemporary issues of Africa which is attracting growing interest of the world's leading actors. We plan to publish the articles analyzing the status of statehood, socio-economic and political development of the countries of Black continent, as well as the integration processes between them.

CONTEST!

"World Eonomy and International Relations" announces a contest for the best joint academic publications of domestic and foreign researchers and experts in topical issues of the world economy and international relations. The winners will be selected according to the results of peer reviewing and discussion at the Editorial Board. The articles will be published in priority order.

SUBSCRIBE TO THE JOURNAL

The print version of “World Economy and International Relations” journal is distributed by advance subscription only, and is not offered for retail sale. To subscribe please address to any post office in Russia by referring to the Federal Postal Service Union Catalogue, section “ARSMI”, the journal index is 70542. The subscription may be made for the whole subscription period or starting from any nearest available month for desired number of issues.

To purchase the full-text electronic version of the journal’s issue/article please address to the WEB portal of Scientific electronic library eLIBRARY.ru or URL: https://press.gaugn.ru/.

In journal
Years
2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 |

The author’s opinions may not coincide with the position of editorial