Global Transport & Logistics Infrastructure

533
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-1-5-14

V. Varnavskii (varnavsky@imemo.ru),
Primakov National Research
Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article is devoted to an in-depth study of the key aspects of the world transportation and logistics infrastructure in the context of globalization’s current stage. Various kinds of external and internal drivers of transport infrastructure growth in the recent decades are considered. The author singles out the main of them: international trade, containerization, computerization, sophisticated logistics and optimization systems. The globalization of economic activities pushed up the rapid development of the international trade and global value chains (GVCs). Containerization led to a dramatic increase of the importance of maritime transport and the seaports. The latters now serve as the core of the global logistic schemes. Special attention is paid to the review of the transcontinental trade in manufacturing goods in the triangle Europe – Asia – North America. Almost 1/3 of the total foreign trade in manufactured goods is now circulating via these three main global trade routes. Since 1970th the transportation infrastructure has been globalized by massive usage of shipping containers (TEUs). The principal advantage of containers’ technology is the intermodal capability that allows low-cost delivery of large volumes of industrial and consumer products across the globe. It is pointed out that container’s rapid proliferation in the modern transportation networks triggered wide-scale construction of supportive infrastructure: specialized sea terminals, berths, cranes, port equipment, warehouses. The dynamic creation of new transport infrastructure provided an important contribution to the global economic development. While assessing the prospects, the author compares the status of investments into the transport and logistics infrastructure in developed and developing countries. It is argued that, despite gradual obsolescence of the transport infrastructure in the developed countries, until now it continues to function quite smoothly and efficiently.

Keywords: transport, logistics, infrastructure, globalization, containerization, international trade, manufacturing, investments


REFERENCES

1. Rossiya i mir: 2019. Ekonomika i vneshnyaya politika. Ezhegodnyi prognoz [Russia and the World: 2019. Annual forecast: economy and foreign policy]. Project leads Dynkin A.A., Baranovsky V.G. Moscow, IMEMO, 2018. 170 p.

2. World Trade Statistical Review 2018. Geneva, WTO. 2018. Available at: https://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/wts2018_e/wts2018_e.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

3. Global Value Chains and Development: Investment and Value Added Trade in Global Economy. A Preliminary Analysis. Geneva, UNCTAD. 2013. 32 p. Available at: http://unctad.org/en/publicationslibrary/diae2013d1_en.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

4. Total Trade in Goods and Services. Exports and Imports of Goods and Services, Annual, 1980–2013. Available at: http://unctadstat.unctad.org/wds/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=25116 (accessed 04.02.2019).

5. World Bank National Accounts Data. GDP (current US$). Available at: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD (accessed 04.02.2019).

6. Heins M. W. The Shipping Container and the Globalization of American Infrastructure. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan. 2013. 312 . Available at: https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/102480/mheins_1.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

7. The Review of Maritime Transport 2018. Geneva, UNCTAD. 2018. 102 p. Available at: https://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/rmt2018_en.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

8. 2015 Status of the Nation’s Highways, Bridges, and Transit: Conditions and Performance. Report to Congress. U.S. DoT, FHWA, FTA, 2016. 544 . Available at: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/2010cpr/pdfs/cp2010.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

9. ITF Transport Outlook 2013: Funding Transport. Paris, OECD/ITF, 2013. 60 . Available at: https://www.oecd.org/environment/itf-transport-outlook-2013-9789282103937-en.htm (accessed 04.02.2019).

10. Spending on Transport Infrastructure 1995–2011: Trends, Policies, Data. Paris, OECD, May 2013. 56 . Available at: https://www.itf-oecd.org/sites/default/files/docs/13spendingtrends.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

11. 2010 Status of the Nation’s Highways, Bridges, and Transit: Conditions and Performance. Report to Congress. U.S. DoT, FHWA, FTA, 2012. Available at: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/2010cpr/pdfs/cp2010.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

12. ITF Transport Outlook 2017. OECD Publishing, Paris. 2017. 221 . Available at: https://www.oecd.org/about/publishing/itf-transport-outlook-2017-9789282108000-en.htm (accessed 04.02.2019). DOI: doi.org/10.1787/9789282108000-en

13. Total Inland Transport Infrastructure Investment per GDP. OECD.Stat. Available at: https://stats.oecd.org/ (accessed 04.02.2019).

14. Analysis of the National Infrastructure and Construction Pipeline. Infrastructure and Projects Authority (UK), 28 November 2018. 67 p. Available at: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/759222/CCS207_CCS1118987248-001_National_Infrastructure_and_Construction_Pipeline_2018_Accessible.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

15. Legislative Outline for Rebuilding Infrastructure in America. Washington, The White House, 2018. 53 p. Available at: https://www.politico.com/f/?id=00000161-8a9d-d53a-a5f5-bffd597b0000 (accessed 04.02.2019).

16. Strategic Transport Infrastructure Needs to 2030. Paris, OECD, 2012. 248 p. Available at: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/content/publication/9789264114425-en (accessed 04.02.2019).

17. Capacity to Grow: Transport Infrastructure Needs for Future Trade Growth. Paris, OECD/ITF, 2016. 47 . Available at: https://www.itf-oecd.org/sites/default/files/docs/future-growth-transport-infrastructure.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).

18. Worldwide Market Forecast 2018–2037. Tokyo, Japan Aircraft Development Corporation, March 2018. 108 . Available at: http://www.jadc.jp/files/topics/140_ext_01_en_0.pdf (accessed 04.02.2019).


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Varnavskii V. Global Transport & Logistics Infrastructure. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2020, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 5-14. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2020-64-1-5-14



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 2

Topical Themes of the Issue:

  • Fiscal Policy of Advanced Economies: Playing by the Rules?  
  • Iranian Development Model: State and Society Concept, Crises and Problems
  • Afghan-Pakistan Relations: Problems and Challenges in XXI Century
  • Climate Issues under Changing Geopolitical Conditions
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.