Diplomacy of the Academic Community: the Past and the Present

279
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-9-22-28

A. Torkunov (rectorat@inno.mgimo.ru),
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University), The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, 76, Vernadskogo Prosp., Moscow, 119454, Russian Federation
 


Abstract

The article analyses the historical aspects and current features of academic diplomacy. The author emphasizes the scholars’ lack of ideological contamination, which allows them to treat the problems of society more objectively. Consistency of scholarly knowledge, the integrity of academia as a social system, and scholars’ high degree of accountability for their research achievements form the ground for the successful functioning of academic institutions of diplomacy. This gained an impetus after the world found itself standing at the brink of military actions involving weapons of mass destruction. One of the most effective institutions of academic diplomacy was the Pugwash Conference, when Soviet scientists, trapped behind the “Iron Curtain” and without contacts with colleagues abroad, convinced the government of the need to engage in a wide-ranging international dialogue to discuss the dangers that nuclear weapons pose to the world. Another effective form of academic diplomacy at that time was the Dartmouth Conference, an informal dialogue of Soviet and American intellectuals. Currently, academic diplomacy is experiencing an extensive upsurge – the list of issues and problems discussed is getting longer, the number of participants is growing, new formats and discussion platforms keep appearing. Academics now routinely participate in international conferences, get published in international journals, and not only scholars but also students are involved in academic mobility nowadays. The role of a university has also changed; it has become a discussion platform where scholars, politicians, representatives of business and civil society interact. Whereas previously academic diplomacy was accessible to and carried out by only a limited number of distinguished scholars, now it finds its ways onto various levels. Therefore, the issue of coordinating efforts at these levels is vital. Another urgent issue is the accountability of scholars for the results they achieve. Unreliable data has not only academic but also political significance these days. Like never before, the development of science and education and implementing emerging technologies is capable of critically influencing global processes. Scholars can make a lot of the things happening in the world today beneficial or, at least, reduce their possible negative consequences. It is academic diplomacy that can assist in achieving it. 


Keywords

academic diplomacy, Dartmouth meetings, Pugwash movement, educational exchanges, University diplomacy 


REFERENCES

1. Panchenko V.Ya., Torkunov A.V. Uchenyi kak diplomat: nauka vliyaet na reshenie mezhdunarodnykh konfliktov i problem [Scientist as a diplomat: science’s influence on international conflicts resolution]. Vestnik RFFI, 2018, no. 1(97), pp. 10-13. DOI:10.22204/2410-4639-2018-097-01-10-17

2. Shestopal A.V., Litvak N.V. Nauchnaya diplomatiya. Opyt sovremennoi Frantsii [Scientific diplomacy. The case of modern France]. MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2016, no. 5(50), pp. 106-114.

3. Ryzhov Yu.A., Lebedev M.L. Yubilei Paguoshskogo dvizheniya [Jubilee of Pugwash movement]. Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii nauk, 2007, no. 10, pp. 938-948.

4. Russell–Einstein Manifesto, 1955 (In Russ.) Available at: http://www.pugwash.ru/history/documents/333.html (accessed 21.12.2018).

5. Burton J. Conflict and Communication: The Use of Controlled Communication in International Relations. London, Alden Press, 1969. 246 p.

6. Israelyan V., Lebedeva M. Peregovory – iskusstvo dlya vsekh [Negotiations as an art for all]. International Affairs, 1991, no. 11, pp. 48-55.

7. Voorhees J. Dialogue sustained. The Multilevel Peace Process and the Dartmouth Conference. Washington, United States Institute of Peace, 2002. 470 p.

8. Moskovskii M.A. Dartmutskii dialog: pervye shagi neformal’noi sovetsko-amerikanskoi diplomatii [Dartmouth Dialog: first steps of informal US-Soviet diplomacy]. Vestnik RUDN. International Relations, 2013, no. 3, pp. 33-47.

9. Primakov E.M. Vstrechi na perekrestkakh [Meetings at the crossroads]. Moscow, Tsentrpoligraf, 2015. 607 p.

10. Cambon J. Diplomat [Diplomat]. Moscow, OGIZ, 1946. 87 p.

11. UNESCO. Education. Available at: http://data.uis.unesco.org/index.aspx?queryid=169# (accessed 21.12.2018).

12. Torkunov A.V. Sozdanie universitetov mirovogo urovnya: novye tendentsii v rossiiskom vysshem obrazovanii [Forging world-class universities: new tendencies in the Russian higher education]. MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2013, no. 2(29), pp. 7-11.

13. Larionova M.V., Perfil’eva O.V., eds. Imperativy internatsionalizatsii [Rules of internationalization]. Moscow, Logos, 2013. 420 p.

14. Kharkevich M.V. Globalizatsiya i vysshee obrazovanie: vozmozhnosti dlya Rossii [Globalization and higher education: opportunities for Russia]. MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2012, no. 6(27), pp. 270-276.

15. Torkunov A.V. Rossiiskie vuzy v protsesse internatsionalizatsii [Russian universities in internationalization processes]. International Trends, 2017, vol. 15, no. 1(48), pp. 6-12.

16. Imomov A., Sonders G., Chufrin G. Mezhtadzhikskii dialog v ramkakh Dartmutskoi konferentsii [Intra-Tajik dialog within the Dartmouth framework] Available at: https://ca-c.org/datarus/st_03_imomov.shtml (accessed 21.12.2018).

17. Evseev V. Minskie soglasheniya kak put’ dlya Nagornogo Karabakha [Minsk Agreements as a way for Nagorno-Karabakh]. RSMD, February 8, 2016. Available at: http://russiancouncil.ru/amp/analytics-and-comments/analytics/minskie-soglasheniya-kak-putdlya-nagornogo-karabakha/ (accessed 21.12.2018).

18. Trianon Dialogue Website (In Russ.) Available at: https://dialoguetrianon.ru/ (accessed 21.12.2018).

19. Trianon Dialogue as a form of people’s diplomacy. Alexander Orlov, Executive Secretary of the forum, on the perception of France in Russia, the Greater Moscow and student exchanges. Izvestiya, 29.05.2018 (In Russ.) Available at: https://iz.ru/748099/ekaterina-postnikova/trianonskii-dialog-kak-forma-narodnoi-diplomatii (accessed 21.12.2018).

20. Lebedeva M.M., Rustamova L.R. Transformatsiya sotsial’no-gumanitarnoi sfery mirovoi politiki: posledstviya dlya Rossii [Transformation of social and humanitarian team of world politics: ramifications for Russia]. MGIMO Review of International Relations, 2018, no. 5(62), pp. 114-130.

21. Lebedeva M.M. Mezhdunarodno-politicheskie protsessy integratsii obrazovaniya [International political processes of educational integration]. Integratsiya obrazovaniya, 2017, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 385-394.

22. Hickman L., Randerson J. Climate sceptics claim leaked emails are evidence of collusion among scientists. The Guardian, 20.11.2009. Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/nov/20/climate-sceptics-hackers-leaked-emails (accessed 21.12.2018). 


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Torkunov A. Diplomacy of the Academic Community: the Past and the Present. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, No 9, pp. 22-28. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-9-22-28



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Current Issue
2022, vol. 66, No. 9
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Peace Process: on Substantive Definition 
  • Global Imbalances: Evolution of Approaches 
  • The Influence of Brexit on the UK Political Elites Circulation
  • Islamic Vector in Russian Foreign Policy 
Submit an Article
NEW SECTION

In response to the challenges of our time the Editorial board continues to open new thematic rubrics:

“World Energy Sector after Pandemic”. We plan to publish articles presenting in-depth analysis of influence of Pandemic on the global energy sector and forecasts of further developments in its various branches.