On Fragmentation of World Order in the Era of Globalization

391
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-8-102-112
K. Gadzhiev (zuhrabvi@yandex.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation;
Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article presents an attempt to reveal and analyze some, in the author’s opinion, key factors underlying the controversial nature of globalization. After considering some of the most significant consequences of globalization in terms of the unity of the modern world, the main attention is driven to the prime factors, the nature, systemic and structural components of those tendencies and processes which resulted in the opposite trend of undermining this unity. The author sees a paradox of globalization in the fact that due to a complex of factors determining the geopolitical picture of the modern world, it created conditions for localization, renationalization, fragmentation and deconstruction of the world order. The tendency of de-sovereignization of national states is replaced by the trend of their re-sovereignization. The most significant examples in support of this thesis are: the processes of disintegration of multinational states and formation of many new national states; the growing influence of nationalist and separatist movements, organizations and parties that oppose globalism, universalism and transnationalism. One of their manifestations was the acquisition of the ever-increasing phenomenon of building various fences and walls separating peoples, countries and states from each other. On the basis of these and a whole complex of related factors, trends and processes, it is concluded that in the modern world, a joint humanity with a complex of values, ideals and interests common to all peoples and states can be represented, figuratively speaking, from a bird’s perspective. In reality, it is an abstract, metaphorical concept that unites very heterogeneous, contradictory, conflicting, cultural-civilizational circles, peoples, states and communities pursuing different, sometimes opposite goals and interests. Of course, they have a complex of common fundamental interests, on which the very physical existence depends and, accordingly, the unity of mankind. The combination of these two seemingly opposing principles forms the basis of the formula “fragmentation in unity, or unity in fragmentation” for its definition.

Keywords: globalization, information revolution, fragmentation, humanity, unity, contradictions, conflicts, wars, interests, state, people, sovereignty, world order


REFERENCES

1. Cerny Ph.G., Prichard A. The new anarchy: Globalization and fragmentation in world politics. First Published June 20, 2017. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/1755088217713765 (accessed 14.01.2018).

2. Bauman Z. Glokalizacja czyli komu globalizacja, a komu lokalizacja. Studia sucjologiezne, Warszawa, 1997, no. 3, pp. 53-69.

3. Rosenau J.N. Globalization and Governance: Bleak Prospects for Sustainability. Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, 2003, no. 3. Available at: https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/ipg/ipg-2003-3/artrosenau.pdf (accessed 10.12.2018).

4. Council of Europe Secretary General: there is no force In the world that can decide everything for everyone. PolitInform, 29.11.2014 (In Russ.) Available at: https://www.politinform.su/politika/9103-gensek-soveta-evropy-v-mire-uzhe-netsily-sposobnoy-vse-reshat-za-vseh.html (accessed 10.11.2018).

5. Rachman G. Angela Merkel`s blunder. Donald Tramp and the end of the West. Financial Times. 29.05.2017. Available at: https://www.ft.com/content/dc911cb8-4449-11e7-8519-9f94ee97d996 (accessed 14.12.2018).

6. Rodrigues-Rata A. Los muros de Europa. La Vanguardia, 06.03.2017. Available at: https://www.lavanguardia.com/internacional/20170306/42515691933/muros-union-europea.html (accessed 14.12.2018).

7. Berlin I. Four Essays on Liberty. London, New York, Oxford University Press, 1969. 152 p.

8. Jaspers K. Smysl i naznachenie istorii [Meaning and purpose of history]. Moscow, Politizdat, 1991. 527 p.

9. Trubetskoi N.S. Evropa i chelovechestvo [Europe and humanity]. Sofia, 1920. Available at: https://books.google.ru/books/about/%D0%95%D0%B2%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%B0_%D0%B8_%D0%A7%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%87%D0%B5%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%BE.html?id=EUZsCwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false (accessed 14.12.2018).

10. Lebon G. Psikhologiya narodov [Psychology of nations]. Moscow, AST, 2016, 320 p.

11. Toynbee A. Tsivilizatsiya pered sudom istorii. Mir i Zapad [Civilization on Trial. The World and the West]. Moscow, AST, 2011. 318 p.

12. Fallaci O. La rabbia e l’orgoglio. Available at: http://belpaese2000.narod.ru/Teca/Nove/Fallaci/fallaci_rabbia.htm (accessed 14.12.2018).

13. Danilevskii N.L. Rossiya i Evropa [Russia and Europe]. Moscow, Algoritm, 2018. 560 p.


Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Gadzhiev K. On Fragmentation of World Order in the Era of Globalization. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 102-112. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-8-102-112



Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment







Indexed

 

 

 

 

Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies

 

Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 7
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • The Supporting Structure of Global Security
  • Institutional Features of the Fourth Energy Transition
  • The Evolution of Modern German Christian Democracy
  • The Monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Central Asia
Submit an Article
INVITATION FOR PUBLICATION
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.