Connecting the Indian and the Pacific, or Influence Tools Modernization

484
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-6-13-24

A. Karimova (albecar@yandex.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow, 117997, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article presents the results of research on the officially declared construction of the Indo-Pacific region (Indo-Pacific). Centered around the purpose of the study (identification of the transregional structure), characteristics of historical strategies applied at different times in the basins of three oceans (Atlantic, Pacific and Indian) are drawn, a possible design is schematized, the “connectedness” construct is tested. In the course of a comparative analysis of oceanic complexes, the relief of interference space is described on the basis of the Monsoon Asia countries; its post-Soviet (the political model of Central Asia) and Russian segments (Monsoon regions of the Arctic zone) are revealed. The geographic and political discourse highlights the motives that define the functions of the projected international region. It is proved that as part of the simulation of Indo-Pacific (the global version of the Middle East territorial complex) an iterative approach reflecting the modern ideas of its designers, concerning the development environment of a “world superpower”, is used. The key moments of the conceptual impact of H. Mackinder’s, A. Mahan’s, N. Spykman’s and F. Turner’s theories of the West as a space of North American leadership are noted — in particular, the Turner’s “Pacific Century” of the United States, the Mahan’s provision on the emerging threat in the “Asian Mediterranean”, etc. Relevant similarities between modern methods of risk prevention and recommendations found in the works of the British and North American scientists are made. The applied aspect of the connection strategy, motives and functions of the projected international region are highlighted. Given the need to understand the essence of the process, the definition of a geostrategic region is proposed for the first time, assumptions of its functional role under conditions of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (with its paradox of technologies outstripping human ideas) are made.

Keywords: Middle East, Monsoon Asia, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Indo-Pacific, geostrategic region


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For citation:
Karimova A. Connecting the Indian and the Pacific, or Influence Tools Modernization. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 13-24. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-6-13-24



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