Problems of the North African Region

427
DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-4-87-95

V. Khoros (khoros@imemo.ru),
Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO), 23, Profsoyuznaya Str., Moscow 117997, Russian Federation;
B. Dolgov (dolgov.boris@list.ru),
Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 12, Rozhdestvenka Str., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation;
Z. Solov’eva (zsolov@yandex.ru),
Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 12, Rozhdestvenka Str., Moscow, 107031, Russian Federation

Abstract. The commentaries of participants of the seminar on M. Volodina’s paper “Modernization in North Africa” are summarized in the article. The authors analyze modernization problems of the North African region in different dimensions. First dimension is a civilizational one. The North Africa belongs to the center of the Islamic civilization. That is why the question is important to what extent the Islamic values and institutions can be integrated into the process of modernization. Up to the present, Islamic organizations in the region have been rather opponents of a secular power than its allies (except, probably, the Turkish case). This can be seen in the region. The process of modernization in these countries (Tunisia, Egypt and other) could not resolve difficult economic and social problems. As a result, the protest movement of the so-called “Arab Spring” appeared. The Islamic political forces made attempts to take power, but every time failed. However, the secular political leaders, mainly authoritarian, also were not successful in their efforts to change the situation and to promote economic and social modernization as well as political one. Besides, the danger of the Islamic terrorism – internal or international – remains a difficult problem for almost all states of the region. At last, nowadays, the catch-up modernization in developing countries includes an ecological aspect as a factor of balanced progress. Therefore, an adequate ecological policy and “green economy” are necessary for this region because of its climate and resource characteristics. The first steps in this direction are already taken, mainly in Morocco, and this case may set the pattern for others.

Keywords: North Africa, Islamic values and institutions, modernization, “green economy”


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For citation:
Khoros V., Dolgov B., Soloveva Z. Problems of the North African Region. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 87-95. https://doi.org/10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-4-87-95



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