Digital Transformation in the Socio-Labor Sphere: New Challenges and Opportunities

DOI: 10.20542/0131-2227-2019-63-12-42-49

L. Lebedeva (,
Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, 2/3, Khlebny Per., Moscow, 123995, Russian Federation

Abstract. The article presents an overview of digital transformation challenges concerning labor relations, workforce and social safety net programs regulations, with focus on the IT skills shortage, limited digital proficiency, the widening gap between college graduates and labor market needs. The current debate is for the most part being focused on the declining demand for labor force. And much more attention should be devoted to the ways digitalization is changing the structure of jobs and shifting the demand for skills. Though young people are more likely than older workers to have digital skills, a large number of them also join those who neither be employed, nor in education or training. And among new forms of employment, many of them do not qualify for different benefits which traditionally go along with the job place, such as employer-sponsored pension plans, health insurance, etc., and demand new social guarantees. So, the lack of government policy in bridging digital divide between the labor qualification and the demand for new skills among different groups of population (by age, income, other factors) may retard national digital development. Existing institutions and regulation systems need to be modernized in order to respond to digital changes. The federal agency on the digital platform should have wide range of functions, providing a framework that outlines key goals and objectives to ensure building digital entrepreneurial ecosystems; to aid, counsel, assist and protect employees, identifying key trends at the national and regional levels. Among the main directions of such agency’s activities – reskilling and training programs to prepare people for the employment challenges in partnership with business and colleges; through an extensive network of field offices and partnerships with public and private organizations.

Keywords: digital economy, human resources, government policy


1. New Report Shows Digital Skills are Required in All Types of Jobs. European Commission, 2017. Available at: (accessed 20.12.2018).

2. Digital Activity of Enterprises of the Manufacturing Industry in 2018. Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge Higher School of Economics, March 6, 2019 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 28.04.2019).

3. Employment Outlook. OECD, 2017. Available at: (accessed 12.02.2019).

4. Nigmatullin R. Rossiya v perspektive 2035 g. 24 maya 2017 [Russia in the Perspective of 2035. 24 may 2017] Available at:‑2017 (accessed 24.10.2018).

5. The Digitalization of the American Workforce. Brookings, December 2017. Available at: (accessed 24.01.2019).

6. Education Policy Outlook 2018. OECD, 2018. Available at:‑2018_9789264301528-en#page1 (accessed 28.01.2019).

7. The 2016 Gallup-HOPE Index Report. Gallup, 2017. Available at:‑2016.aspx (accessed 20.01.2019).

8. Economic Report of the President. March 2019. Available at:‑2019.pdf (accessed 20.03.2019).

9. National Network of Career Nursing Assistants. US Census Bureau, June 14, 2018. Available at: (accessed 16.01.2019).

10. Clark M., Lim J., Tewolde G., Kwon J. Affordable Remote Health Monitoring System for the Elderly Using Smart Mobile Device. Sensors & Transducers, January 31, 2015, pp. 77-83. Available at: (accessed 24.01.2019).

11. World Migration Report 2018. International Migration Organization. Geneva, 2018. Available at: (accessed 24. 02.2019).

12. How the U.S. Cornered the Market for Skilled Immigrants. Washington Post, June 20, 2018. Available at: (accessed 24.02.2019).

13. Migration Outlook. OECD. 2018. Available at:‑2018_migr_outlook‑2018-en#page94 (accessed 24.02.2019).

14. The Contribution of High-Skilled Immigrants to Innovation in the United States. Stanford University. November 6, 2018. Available at: (accessed 24.02.2019).

15. Trends among Native- and Foreign-origin Workers in US Computer Industries. Monthly Labor Review. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 2017. Available at: (accessed 24.01.2019).

16. Immigration Yearbook. US Department of Homeland Security. Washington, 2018. Available at: (accessed 24.03.2019).

17. Not Coming to America: Why the U.S. is Falling Behind in the Global Race for Talent. Partnership for New York City. May 2012. Available at: (accessed 24.03.2019).

18. Rising to the Youth Employment Challenge: New Evidence on Key Policy Issues. ILO, August 10, 2017. Available at: (accessed 20.01.2019).

19. Digital Economy Outlook. OECD, 2017. Available at:‑2017-9789264276284-en.htm (accessed 20.01.2019).

20. World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends. Washington, World Bank Group, January 2016. 330 p. Available at: (accessed 16.09.2019).

21. Digital Opportunities: Innovative ICT Solutions for Youth Employment. ITU, 2014. Available at: (accessed 26.01.2019).

22. Education at a Glance. OECD, 2017. Available at:‑19991487.htm (accessed 24.06.2018).

23. Science-Technological Strategy of the Russian Federation. The Decree of the President of the RF. Moscow, December 11, 2016 (In Russ.)] Available at: (accessed 20.01.2019).

24. Digital Knowledge for the Economy of the Future. Moscow, NAFI, 2017 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 20.01.2019).

25. Digital Agenda: Challenges and Legislative Solutions. Analytical Bulletin, February 2018 (In Russ.) Available at: (accessed 20.01.2019).

26. President Donald Trump Administration Equip American Workers Skills. White House, July 19, 2018. Available at: (accessed 28.01.2019).

27. Gateway Technical College Developing New Degree Programs for Foxconn Jobs. March 21, 2018. Available at: (accessed 28.01.2019).

Registered in System SCIENCE INDEX

For citation:
Lebedeva L. Digital Transformation in the Socio-Labor Sphere: New Challenges and Opportunities. World Eonomy and International Relations, 2019, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 42-49.

Comments (0)

No comments

Add comment






Dear authors! Please note that in the VAK List of peer-reviewed scientific journals, in which the main scientific results of dissertations for the degree of candidate and doctor of sciences should be published for the “MEMO Journal” the following specialties are recorded:
economic sciences:
5.2.5. World Economy.
5.2.1. Economic Theory
5.2.3. Regional and Branch Economics
political sciences:
5.5.4. International Relations
5.5.1. History and Theory of Politics
5.5.2. Political Institutions, Processes, Technologies


Current Issue
2024, vol. 68, No. 5
Topical Themes of the Issue:
  • Are There Any Ways to Break Through the Korean Nuclear Impasse?
  • Contemporary U.S. Taiwan Policy: Balancing on the Edge
  • The Gulf Monarchies’ Vision of the Global Order Transformations and the Russian Place in It
  • At Post-Soviet Space
Submit an Article
The Editorial Board invites authors to write analytical articles on the following topics:
  • changes in the processes of globalization in modern conditions
  • formation of the new world order
  • shifts in civilization at the stage of transition to a digital society

The editors are also interested in publishing synthesis articles / scientific reviews revealing the main trends in the development of certain regions of the world - Latin America, Africa, South Asia, etc.